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History of Football Development

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Introduction

With rich global history of more than hundred years and currently one of the most played global sport worldwide is football. There is no attribute of global time international relations that cannot be pertained to football. Football is associated with globalization, cultural diplomacy, nationalism and peace and unity (Boniface, 2002). Recognition of football enhance inclusion, equality, fair play, non-discrimination, but also encourage homophobia, national rivalry and hatred, nationalism, racism and exclusion.

To solve constant conflicts, political issues and corruptions, the politicians can persuade people through football much easier than conventional political means. The governments around the world are therefore increasingly acknowledging the diplomatic power of football. Consequently, the football diplomacy came into existence and it enhance peace in the world. For example: intergovernmental organizations such as the United Nations use football as a tool for development and peace in countries affected by war and regional poverty., shape political, and relation among nations (Bubalo, 2013, p.4). Moreover, it also shoulders diplomacy, international relations, education and tourism.

Football first begun in 1870’s in England when the football association in England was formed which became football’s first governing body (Walvin, 1975). Football filtered in different social situations all over Europe and South America due to the fact that players travelled around the world developing global nature of football (Walvin, 1975).

History of football development in Malaysia

After the colonization of Malaysia by the British, culture diversity in which the three main races are Malays, Chinese and Indians has been existing. Multiculturalism in Malaysia has been an important aspect in reducing inequality and tolerance. Since the independence of Malaysia in 1957 the government has always emphasized on the respect towards the multiculturalism. With globalization Malaysia has achieved better result in multiculturalism and football plays major role in improving the social integration of the country. Hence, football arrived in Malaya with the British and towards the end of the 19th century.

Football was one of the main supports for most sports clubs in Malaya at the end of nineteenth century. However, it was not well structured but when Selangor Amateur Football League took shape in 1905 it secured better administration and organization with the contest limited to the clubs in Kuala Lumpur. In 1921, the first Malaya cup was held. In 1925, the Malaya cup was held outside of Kuala Lumpur. Taken after by in 1926, the Football Associations of Malacca, Selangor, Nigeria Sembilan, Perak and the Singapore Amateur Football Association, joined together to create the Malayan Football Association (MFA), in order to handle a Malayan group against an Australia side that went to Singapore that year. In 1951, Tunku Abdul Rahman became the FAM president. Football in Malaysia entered its next phase under him. His adoration for football was the fundamental key which brought about the development of the Merdeka Stadium.

The Merdeka Tournament became a massive achievement, moving comparable competitions like the Jakarta Anniversary competition, the King’s Cup in Thailand and President’s Cup in South Korea. In the mid-1960s, Tunku Abdul Rahman kept on assuming a major part in the advancement of football through different competitions between youth. The reins of the FAM was controlled by Tun Abdul Razak after Tunku’s retiral in 1975, who served for one year. The post was then taken by Tan Sri Datuk Seri Setia Raja Hamzah Haji Abu Samah in 1976. Between 1976 and 1984, various football activities were introduced under Tan Sri Datuk Seri Raja Hamzah. Malaysian football achieved another stature in the worldwide field after he was announced as the AFC president. The FAM entered a new period of modernization and skills when His Royal Highness the Sultan of Pahang, Sultan Haji Ahmad controlled the association. His Royal Highness was basic in the development of football in the new period with the presentation of the semi-pro league in 1989 prior to the complete professionalism of football which happened a few years later.

History of football development in South Korea

Through the span of the twentieth century Korea endured a progression of anguishing encounters: Japanese colonization, the Korean war, and afterward the division into 2 country states, North and South Korea. The Japanese colonization of Korea in 1910 offered ascend to a development for freedom, and the battle implied that hostile to Japanese slants turned out to be profoundly rooted in the Korea. After the split of Korea into north and south Korea, the socio-political conditions added to the nationalism that exists in both North and South Korea and football had influence on it. Current game in Korea was basically the results of its political needs. Changes in Korean culture throughout the years are obviously reflected in the historical backdrop of Korean football. For the Korean there has been no game to slurp as football as far as its national significance. Amid the Japanese colonization period, football developed as a national sport since it gave a larger number of triumphs over Japanese than did some other game as this built up an enthusiastic custom that implied that South Korea appended incredible significance to football at the beginning of the cold war. In 1921, All-Joseon Football Championship was launched. In 1949, a women’s football tournament was held for the first time. First professional football league known as super league was launched in 1983 and U league was launched in 2008. In 1954, South Korea first entered the world cup.

The world cup achievement delighted in by South Korea in 2002 epitomize the Korean struggle to put their countries on the global map through football. North Korea’s achievement in 1966 may greatly affected South Korea where football advancement was fundamentally depicted by the accomplishment of their Northern neighbor, North Korea. Betterment in South Korea were likewise impacted by the sudden development of Japan as a football control when its group caught the bronze award at the 1968 Mexico Olympics. The competition amongst Korea and Japan dating from the period of colonization gave a further incentive to the south Korean military administrations to empower the game advancement. Japan and North Korea provided the two most vital motivation for the legislature to develop South Korean football. In this way, in spite of the fact that it took an alternate shape, state intercession was an imperative normal for the game’s improvement in the south. Triumphs in football internationals, including the Korean Derby were progressively viewed as an issue of national status.

Comparison between Football Association Malaysia and Korean Football Association

Coach education and facilities

Wan Jamak Wan Hassan is presently the Chief Coach of Kedah. He was a previous football player for Johor FA and the Malaysian national team. He had additionally coached a few teams in the Malaysian local alliance. Football Association in Malaysia has a grassroots Initiatives which bolsters Member Associations in their center undertaking of executing grassroots programs and activities which will accomplish grassroots development in Malaysian Football. It means to perceive moving youthful national football players who have enthusiasm to advance the intensity of football to teach, rouse and assemble kids, to conquer their wellbeing difficulties and furthermore to convey change to their societies. Course is to guarantee the comprehension of the motives of grassroots football, training forms, techniques, styles and utilize them in their own coaching and furthermore to organize, sort out and convey coaching and recreations for youngsters. Club Licensing in FAM is a support system for both the improvement and benchmarking of football clubs. Club Licensing System benefits football clubs by enhancing specialized models of coaches. The Referee Department at FAM has presented both plans for now and in a long run for the improvement of neighborhood refs.

Shin Tae-yong is a South Korean previous footballer and current head mentor of the South Korea national football group. He was a previous manager of Seongnam IIhwa Chunma and won 2010 AFC Champions League with the group. One of the main facility in KFA is the Paju National Football Center (NFC) which is Korea’s first football training facility. The NFC is situated in Paju, Kyounggi Province, and the Korean National Football Team and in addition other football groups prepare here. Different national football competitions, official training, and football classes are additionally held at this site. The Paju NFC is a solitary 4-story structure able to suit a greatest of 161 individuals with group quarters, cafeteria, meeting room, and weight preparing room. The NFC additionally includes 6 common grass fields and 1 counterfeit grass field. The Paju NFC is the place the eventual fate of Korean football will be supported. Also there are 12 stadiums in Korean Football association.

Governance, structure and organization

Governance

The governing body for football in Malaysia is the Malaysian Football Association (FAM). As an enlisted national association under the Sports Development Act 1997, FAM has duty to deal with the Malaysian National Football group and arrange the significant football and futsal competitions in the nation. FAM additionally can organize and arrange the Malaysian football league. FAM gets their financial support from government and other accomplice supporters to run their football activities. Football affiliation tries to accomplish objectives by affecting different associations through means, for example, licensing, regulation, budgetary impetuses or good motives. Club Licensing System in FAM benefits the club by bettering governance and authoritative structures, actualizing stable finance administration and detailing, expanding dependability, validity and honesty of the clubs and leagues, advancing and ceaselessly enhancing the standard of football, enhancing the clubs’ organization, administration and association and raising financial and budgetary stand of the clubs through successful promotion.

The Super League, which is the antecedent of the present K League, was propelled as the best level of the Korea Professional Football League on the eighth of May, 1983 trying to advance the development of football, as there were just two expert clubs then. The KFA President Chung Mong-Joon introduced the Korea Professional Football League in 1994 for the further development of the game. With the nation co-facilitating the 2002 FIFA World Cup, the advancement of the expert diversion turned into a need. The urban areas offering for the rights to have the World Cup matches started to set up their own particular clubs – Jeonbuk Dinos in 1994 took after by Chunnam Dragons, Suwon Bluewings and Daejeon Citizen. The 2002 FIFA World Cup empowered the southwestern district to have its own clubs for the first time. The Korea Professional Football League propelled the K League in 1998, trying to restore the expert football game in the nation. The world-class foundation worked for Korea/Japan 2002 FIFA World Cup gave different chances to some nearby governments to set up their clubs.

FAM has a flat organizational structure with few levels of middle management between president and staffs. It has advantages and also disadvantages. As it involves fewer employees it is cost efficient, it promotes faster decision making and promotes proper communication. However, due to lack of enough people to support new plans and struggle management can easily lose control, it can hinder growth and can result to role confusion. In FAM, congress makes decisions relating to FIFA’s governing statutes and the method by which they are implemented and implied. President of football association Malaysia is JK Eksekutif and has direct power over the treasurer, secretary general and judiciary. It also involves assistant treasurer followed by management department, legal department and integrity, technical and development department, competition department, marketing and communications department and national team management department.

Source: Kfa.or.kr (2018)

KFA has tall organizational chart where each manager oversees only a few employees, including many levels of management. Which means narrower spans of control, roles and responsibilities are clearly defined and everyone know their role. However, it also hinders clear communication, subordinates feel less motivated as there are so many managers. President of football association South Korea is CHUNG Monggyu. KFA consist of four presidents ad they are; CHO Byungdeuk, SHIM Taehyung, JUNG Taejun, CHOI Youngil. Vice President (National Team Supervisory Committee) is KIM Pangon, vice president (New NFC Project Committee Chairman is CHO Hyunjae, HONG Myungbo is the chief executive officer, Director, Chairman of Referees Committee is Won Changho, Director of Chairman of Disciplinary Committee is SUH Changhee, Director, chairman of social responsibility committee is SEOL Kihyun.

Extent of achievement in participating international football competition

Over the years, the league competition has gained important stature in its own right. From 1982 until 1988 the league is an amateur status continue its purpose as qualifying round for Malaysia Cup and only in 1989 it is changed to a new format as Malaysian Semi-Pro Football League (MSPFL) by FAM as a ‘halfway house’ towards full professional status. The most significant successes of the national team of Malaysia has come in the regional AFF Suzuki Cup (formerly known as the ‘Tiger Cup’), which Malaysia won in 2010 for the first time in history. They beat Indonesia 4–2 on aggregate in the final to capture the country’s first major international football title. n the FIFA World Rankings, Malaysia’s highest standing was in the first release of the figures, in August 1993, at 75th. Malaysia’s main rival on the international stage are their geographical neighbors, Indonesia and Singapore, and past matches between these two teams have produced much drama. Malaysia is one of the most successful teams in Southeast Asia along with Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam, winning the ASEAN Football Championship 2010 and other small competitions while improving at the same time.

South Korea is well known for having one of the strongest Asian team. They participated in ten overall FIFA world cup tournaments and also won medals in Asian games. South Korea achieved their first ever victory in a World Cup against Poland. South Korea won the first EAFF East Asian Cup in 2003. South Korea won the 2010 World Cup AFC qualification. South Korea’s accomplishment in the 2002 world Cup had imperative implications and South Korea’s part at co-have in organizing this worldwide occasion conveyed encouraging signs about the country’s climb to the status of a propelled society.

Conclusion

Football itself do not have political value, but when it is practiced as a medium between different countries, it has political contents. Be it in creating diplomacy between different countries, for spreading ideologies and to promote peace in international relations. The development of football in Malaysia was greatly influenced by the multiculturalism that exist in the country and football shouldered to establish peace in the country through improvement of social integration. Whereas the development of football in South Korea mainly developed due to the national pride or the superiority of ideology. Especially, at the beginning of the cold war North Korea and South Korea saw football as the context of national prestige against each other. However, the development of football both in Malaysia and South Korea in the international field was also greatly influenced by globalization, democracy and national status.

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