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How Does CAD Programming Help The Architectural Plans and Design Firms

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The intention of my research is to carry out a systematic inquiry to discover and examine the facts about models in architecture such as digital, through computers programs or physical, using the traditional approach, this means a predominantly use of hand drawings and prototypes models, and what role-play computers as instrument of visualization and illustration in the creation of an architectural project. The concept of this is to propose and to discover a fitting comprehension of our experience of the eminent computerized domains. This requires exploring and questioning the “need” to anticipate the image within our imagination of a construction or a building before this is built in practice and how much CAD programs are utilized as the main device for methods and for testing and assessing design forms. As a feature of looking at the advantages computers have in the field of design and architecture I surveyed how much they have separated the people who are very well trained in architecture from hand illustrations and physical model making and how virtual design could cause harm to the disciplinary field – Involving the development of “paper” architecture demonstrating hypothetical proposition utilizing representations. Many architects and designers believe that the traditional drawings, hand renderings and conceptual models and sketches have now turned into an unappreciated skill to the cost of structural outlines, such as architecture design.

The examination inspects how these computerized advances technologies help the architects or the designers to outline or to create and how perceptions act as a method of correspondence amongst customer and architect. This includes an investigation into compositional illustrations as a promoting device and investigating the eventual fate of computational strategies as a visual and improved device for the building plan.

The inquiry will subsequently be proposed of whether architects and creators (designers) have kept up the “hands-on” approach related with the method, or whether this has been dropped for computers illustrations as a visual instrument. Are computers taking away from the classic ways, traditional design mechanisms, and if so what are their favorable circumstances to the practice?


To survey how much CAD programming helps the architectural plans and design firms, I have looked at two firms which depend vigorously on CAD programming as an outline apparatus and one firm, which put stock in a conventional, classic approach, as well as utilize dominatingly models and hand illustrations and drawings for sketch or conceptual steps of an project. This included surveying critic’s perspectives, individual judgment and breaking down, analyzing the directions they took in connection to beginning briefs and ideas, concepts to development stages. The three contextual investigations chose are expected to demonstrate the differed utilization of processing programming, software, and its adaption to different styles of office association and nationalities. A portrayal of the three firms working techniques is investigated and examinations drew against these contextual investigations concentrating on the different working strategies. The examination at that point shaped the premise of a decision in which a rundown of the outcomes is reported.

Literature review of current trends in computation

What is or what should be the implication of a precise scope for an electronic device, such as a computer, in architectural or design domain. This inquiry has been available since the start of the utilization of computer which was aided to help the design and develop projects easily with special architecture software. It is outstanding that a significant number of the designs we find, and see, in the present architectural and design world would have been almost impossible to accomplish, without utilization of computers perceptions and algorithms, three-dimensional (3D) graphics and imagines. However, the topic of what amount should calculation methods be utilized is, and will always be, constantly present. Would the well-established two dimensional smoothed picture offer route to the canny three-dimensional advanced models and prototypes as a method for correspondence? As clearly basic as this inquiry may be, the appropriate and logical responses are significantly more perplexing.

From the beginning, an architect has communicated his ideas and proposals with a pen or pencil and space where the ideas should lay, paper. They have a fast capacity to distinguish their ventures and how the projects are working and particularities with a straightforward sketch or doodle. According to Vesselin Gueorguiev (2008, p.6) “the architectural and design visualization industry is predicted to grow 23% over the next 7 years and this is a many time bigger than the expected”. Another age of structures and ideas is being made that perceives the computer as a drafting, creating and rendering device, as well as a conceivably capable of powerful and almost unlimited energy, in the age of outlines themselves, using other words to describe it: an intelligent and powerful machine which helps the use to create drafts sketches and renders with a high quality product. With the utilization of three-dimensional modelling, renderings and images, a designer or an architect has a brilliant chance to play with your creative abilities, imagination or ideas, to be successful in his duty, to make a high-quality project, empowering the making of bits, segments or parts of architecture that would never have been justified with the utilization of pen and paper system alone.

An expanding number of advanced outlines are presently being distributed and applauded by pundits as important and powerful to the structural field. This development of “paper” and hypothetical design is quickly extending with numerous architects embracing an examination way to approach the process, driven predominantly by computers as a method for testing the structures, aesthetic design, forms and communicating what the examinations have accomplished. For example, Helen Castle is describing “how cities shapes might be “grown” in digital laboratories in order to ad evolved the urban design. If the application of digital processes is a consistent theme of the issue, so is the way that it is perceived.”(Castle H. 2009, p.4).

“For a long time, architecture was thought of as a solid reality and entity: buildings, objects, matter, place, and a set of geometric relationships. But recently, architects have begun to understand their products as a liquid, animating their bodies, hyper-surfacing their walls, crossbreeding different locations, experimenting new geometries. And is only the beginning. We will see more and more architects realizing spatialized moments, though standing narratives, though event designing, working with effects and emotions.”(Castle H. 2005, p.22).

It is without a doubt obvious that exceptional rendering and three-dimensional frameworks can produce a high-quality image of what design may be, or how it will look, however, the computer is not a person, a being, and should not be treated like a living being. Eventually, the designers or the architects are controlling the concepts, programming and ideas and the computer just encourages, shows and point the directions for making the creative processing more easily. Subsequently, the computer is only a method for replicating, reenacting or supplanting manual strategies for design and creation, is just an instrument to supplant the pencil and the paperwork. What Kostas Terzidis specify about computers and humans mind is that a computer is not aware of the surrounding, in contradistinction to a human, a person. However, for a person to use the computer to at maximum capacity it “requires a synergetic relationship between the human mind and a computer system.” (2006, p.37)[5]. In these days when the computers are almost everywhere and in everything, architects and designers are continually looking to use these technologies at their maximum capacity to help them to generate, create and introduce a new way of designing and a new way of thinking about creativity. The issue is that regularly neither the architect nor designer knows about the potential outcomes that are applied schemes can deliver nor the product bundles can anticipate the moves or identity of every single user of it. The outcome in this way is the computers are utilized more as a medium of articulation instead of an auxiliary establishment for architectural experimentation. Has the rise of advanced domains because of computers detailed outline prompted architectural being delivered as a mass communications picture, image as opposed to a bit of perfectly made, practical and innovative design? The architects, for example, Beatriz Colomina took the subject of media, such as publicity or broadcasting, of design and architecture as a showpiece from the 1920’s to the 1950’s, in this way this whimsical picture, illustrations of design an architecture was not simply exposed by the advanced age of technologies. The extremely three-dimensional visual notion of architecture and designs illustrations, renders and modeling was very criticised by many architects and designers, who believe that the actual technology which creates the image is unreal and far from reality, but also majority were believers that the technology help the process of creating a more realistic image than the traditional ways. Branko Kolarevic mention the problem that Mark Goulthorpe pointed out;

“Generally, students are coming with programming skills or parametric skills and they are teaching us something. I think the university does have an incredible role to play in allowing the necessary accumulation of skills to come into offices. Students after five years of university education should be coming out as useful. One would hope.”(Branko K., 2005, p.70)

Today, using a computer as a marketing device, or for design and illustration, is very strong. This is particularly vital in the midst of economic subsidence where each specialty should be able to have a training in illustrations, this ability will be used to offer a more attractive support and product to the customer. Today very often a project, in architecture and even in arts domain, is sold by its image, graphics and how good it is realized, as an illustration. Therefore, numerous architects and designers who graduate, are hired exclusively to utilize their abilities of computer renderings as opposed as far as anyone is concerned about plan or design; this effect of turning the graduates into a simply CAD(computer-aided design) users, who are just using computer commands to achieve an illustration or a design, rather than specialists into architecture and design. The image, with a high-quality result, that a computer provides it is seen as a myth by a numerous people.

For many architects and designers, the computers it is seen a simple but very important and advanced tool, which allows them to create shapes and manipulate the form of the design or the product. Therefore, the computer and its programmes enable them to create futuristic, organic and sharp products, with a very precise control for the realization of the final product for the client. The critic Kostas Terzidis pointed out that, “that we should not consider the computer as an extension of the mind, but rather as a partner in the design process with fundamentally different aptitudes and ways to reason. The computer is the Other of the human mind, not its mirror.” (Terzidis K. 2006, p.8). I agree with this point made by Terzidis, the computers are not a human being, they are just tools which helps the user, in this case, an architect or a designer, to achieve his imagination work and to communicate their ideas via graphic images and renders or three-dimensional models. Terzidis specify that computers are tools, “partners”, for its users and should not be treated as a part of the use. However, even if there are computers and programmes which help the users to designs, and illustrations, they should not lose the ability to make a sketch by hand.

In this computerized age, the advantages computers can convey to the outlined procedure is significant anyway, we should not give computers a chance to control the architecture or a design. Let people control the architecture and permit a blend, combination of representations of CAD or virtual models and calculation and hand drawings, but computers should not completely control our future designs or renders.

However, the terms, ideas, and procedures that appear to be incomprehensible, unpredictable and unimaginable by an architect or a designer can be investigated, executed and tried, as a prototype, into new plan techniques and arrangements inside the advanced technologies world. This experimentation has offered to ascend to new architectural procedures and ideas, for example, hereditary calculations, parametric outline, and isomorphic layers or surfaces. Branko K. came with an argument that;

“Digital technologies are changing architectural practices in ways that few were able to anticipate just a decade ago. In the conceptual realm, computational, digital architectures of topological, non-Euclidean geometric space, kinetic and dynamic systems, and genetic algorithms, are supplanting technological architecture. Digitally-driven design processes, characterized by dynamic […] three-dimensional structures,”(Branko K. 2005, p.2).

Computer-aided design (CAD) programmes exist to assist and help the user and his idea to be digital, physically realizable offering new solutions and a wide variety of modifications. What computers do is just to simply assist the user and reinforcing his ability to the creation and making him capable of designing complicated shapes in a short time and in an easy way, which are considered very hard to realized or even impossible by traditional means. This ascent of algorithmic outline because of advanced outline might be especially gainful to that of urban master planning for the eventual fate of our urban communities. For instance, Michael Batty stating about algorithms:

“The digital tools used to generate cities in this manner and to breed different urban forms are now widely available as packages that allow cellular systems (incorporating principles of cellular automata) and agent-based models to be constructed.”(Castle H., 2009, p.49)

From this statement, one might say that three-dimension (3D) visual projects can enable us to comprehend, understand and break down our urban areas and empower the architects to explore them in new ways and clear a superior route for what is to come. However, this idea of a “digital city” is only an idea, a concept now with Planners being ignorant of the conceivable outcomes of new interventions from 3D investigations. Subsequently the spatial improvement of a computerized city, a digital city at this point in our days it is yet untried, considered uncertain and ignorant, if the advanced changes rising up out of our computers really work, practically.

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