How Does Scrooge Change Throughout The Novel

About this sample

About this sample


Words: 691 |

Pages: 2|

4 min read

Published: Sep 16, 2023

Words: 691|Pages: 2|4 min read

Published: Sep 16, 2023

Table of contents

  1. The Unforgiving Scrooge
  2. The Visitation of the Spirits
  3. The Ghost of Christmas Past
    The Ghost of Christmas Present
    The Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come
  4. Scrooge's Epiphany and Redemption
  5. Conclusion: A Timeless Tale of Redemption

Charles Dickens' novella, "A Christmas Carol," is a timeless tale of redemption and transformation. At its heart is the character of Ebenezer Scrooge, a miserly and cold-hearted man who undergoes a profound change over the course of the story. In this essay, we will explore how Scrooge evolves from a heartless miser to a generous and compassionate individual through encounters with the three spirits and self-reflection.

'Why Violent Video Games Shouldn't Be Banned'?

The Unforgiving Scrooge

At the outset of the novel, Scrooge is portrayed as a character defined by his unforgiving nature and obsession with wealth. He is known for his infamous catchphrase, "Bah, Humbug!" which dismisses the spirit of Christmas and conveys his disdain for all forms of generosity and merriment.

Scrooge's transformation is rooted in his miserly behavior. He hoards his wealth, refuses to donate to charity, underpays his loyal employee, Bob Cratchit, and shows indifference to the plight of the poor. His lack of empathy is further evident when he dismisses the death of Jacob Marley, his former business partner, with cold indifference.

The Visitation of the Spirits

Scrooge's transformation begins with the visitation of three spirits: the Ghost of Christmas Past, the Ghost of Christmas Present, and the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come (or the Ghost of Christmas Future).

The Ghost of Christmas Past

The Ghost of Christmas Past takes Scrooge on a journey through his own history, revisiting scenes from his youth, his early love for Belle, and the choices that led him down the path of greed and isolation. This experience forces Scrooge to confront the choices he made and the opportunities for love and happiness that he squandered.

The Ghost of Christmas Present

The Ghost of Christmas Present reveals the joy and celebration of Christmas as experienced by others, including Bob Cratchit's humble family. Scrooge witnesses the Cratchits' meager but loving Christmas celebration, which highlights the stark contrast between their happiness and his own emptiness.

Scrooge is particularly moved by the character of Tiny Tim, Bob Cratchit's ailing son, and the potential tragedy of his impending death. This experience stirs compassion and empathy within Scrooge, as he realizes the impact of his indifference on the lives of others.

The Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come

The final spirit, the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come, shows Scrooge a bleak vision of the future, in which his own death is met with indifference and his wealth is pilfered by grave robbers. Scrooge also witnesses the death of Tiny Tim, which serves as a grim reminder of the consequences of his callousness.

Scrooge's Epiphany and Redemption

Following his encounters with the spirits, Scrooge undergoes a profound epiphany. He awakens on Christmas morning with a newfound sense of purpose and a determination to change his ways. The transformation in Scrooge is evident through his actions:

  1. Generosity: Scrooge donates to charity and provides a feast for the Cratchits, exemplifying his newfound generosity.
  2. Compassion: He expresses concern for Tiny Tim's health and well-being, showing genuine compassion for others.
  3. Kindness: Scrooge becomes a warm and considerate employer, granting Bob Cratchit a raise and a more comfortable workspace.
  4. Reconciliation: He seeks reconciliation with his nephew, Fred, and joins in the merriment of their Christmas celebration.

Scrooge's transformation is a testament to the power of self-reflection and the potential for individuals to change their lives for the better. He evolves from a character defined by greed and indifference to one defined by love, generosity, and the spirit of Christmas.

Conclusion: A Timeless Tale of Redemption

Charles Dickens' "A Christmas Carol" is a timeless tale that continues to resonate with readers of all ages. At its core is the redemption of Ebenezer Scrooge, a character who undergoes a profound transformation from a heartless miser to a symbol of love and generosity.

Scrooge's change is not only a personal redemption but also a reminder of the importance of compassion and empathy in our interactions with others. His journey serves as an enduring message that it is never too late to change, to seek forgiveness, and to make a positive impact on the lives of those around us.

Get a custom paper now from our expert writers.

Ultimately, "A Christmas Carol" is a celebration of the human capacity for growth and the ability to embrace the true spirit of Christmas—a spirit of love, joy, and goodwill toward all.

Image of Dr. Charlotte Jacobson
This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

Cite this Essay

How does Scrooge Change Throughout the Novel. (2023, September 16). GradesFixer. Retrieved February 26, 2024, from
“How does Scrooge Change Throughout the Novel.” GradesFixer, 16 Sept. 2023,
How does Scrooge Change Throughout the Novel. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 26 Feb. 2024].
How does Scrooge Change Throughout the Novel [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2023 Sept 16 [cited 2024 Feb 26]. Available from:
Keep in mind: This sample was shared by another student.
  • 450+ experts on 30 subjects ready to help
  • Custom essay delivered in as few as 3 hours
Write my essay

Still can’t find what you need?

Browse our vast selection of original essay samples, each expertly formatted and styled


Where do you want us to send this sample?

    By clicking “Continue”, you agree to our terms of service and privacy policy.


    Be careful. This essay is not unique

    This essay was donated by a student and is likely to have been used and submitted before

    Download this Sample

    Free samples may contain mistakes and not unique parts


    Sorry, we could not paraphrase this essay. Our professional writers can rewrite it and get you a unique paper.



    Please check your inbox.

    We can write you a custom essay that will follow your exact instructions and meet the deadlines. Let's fix your grades together!


    Get Your
    Personalized Essay in 3 Hours or Less!

    We can help you get a better grade and deliver your task on time!
    • Instructions Followed To The Letter
    • Deadlines Met At Every Stage
    • Unique And Plagiarism Free
    Order your paper now