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Cogito ergo sum connotates to “I Think there for I am” from the famous philosopher named Rene Descartes, human beings are the most magnificent creation of God – superior amongst others, blessed with capability of rational thinking and making choices with the study of the human person, psychology allows to brings up the unfolded truths and discover new knowledge regarding the nature of a human person(s). According to Cherry (2018) Psychology is a broad field that encompasses the study of human thought, behavior, development, personality, emotion, motivation, and more. Gaining a richer and deeper understanding of psychology can help people achieve insights into their own actions as well as a better understanding of others. In this paper, we will research how is psychology used in everyday life.
Psychology is the study of the mind and behavior. Research in psychology seeks to understand and explain how people think, act, and feel. Psychologists strive to learn more about the many factors that can impact thought and behavior, ranging from biological influences to social pressures. Applications for psychology include mental health treatment, performance enhancement, self-help, ergonomics, and many other areas affecting health and daily life. It is difficult to capture everything that psychology encompasses in just a brief definition, but topics such as development, personality, thoughts, feelings, emotions, motivations, and social behaviors represent just a portion of what psychology seeks to understand, predict, and explain. The word psychology derives from Greek roots meaning study of the psyche, or soul. The field of psychology started in the mid-1800s by defining itself as the science of consciousness. The primary technique was introspection: looking within. Introspection suffered from one major problem: there was no way to resolve differences of opinion. This proved to be a fatal flaw when people reported different introspections under similar conditions.
By the 1920s psychologists were more likely to define their field as the science of behavior. Behaviorists argued that truly scientific psychologists should study only observable behavior. Although behaviorism appears to constrict the subject matter of psychology by leaving out the mind, Hilgard pointed out that behaviorism also broadened psychology. It allowed psychologists to study those unable to make introspective reports, such as animals and babies. The behavioral era dominated psychology in the United States from the 1920s through the 1950s. Partly as a reaction to behaviorism’s neglect of subjective mental processes, humanistic psychology emerged as an alternative approach during the early 1960s. Computer technology led to the resurgence of cognitive psychology in the 1970s. Computers provided a new metaphor for discussing mental processing as well as new tools for research on human information processing. Another change in the 1970s and 1980s was the emergence of neuroscience as an important source of information about behavior and mental processes. Aided by new technologies such as brain scanning, scientists could now document which areas of the brain were activated by cognitive processes. Today, the different approaches to psychology coexist. Each provides a useful perspective, and they can be combined when more than one approach is relevant to a topic (“Psychology : An Introduction” by Duwey, 2007-2018). In the arising conflict in the society of today in the Philippines where the abundancy of lack of insights towards socials issues and etc. are prevalent and the many misconceptions regarding what psychology and its benefits can do are still not given any proper credit, the localization of the science of psychology could settle disputes and give better understanding for the people of how essential it is for the country.
Citizens of today just see psychology in its medical use but little do they know that psychology has it purpose of providing concrete truth and knowledge and why it is considered a science, The validity of Psychology as a branch of study can be classed as a science as it Relies on objective and systematic methods of observation and one greatest advantage of the scientific method is in its objectivity. The validity of psychology as a branch of study is acceptable for Knowledge is acquired with scientific methods not just acceptance of facts, Is able to establish cause of behavior through use of methods that are both empirical and replicable, it relies on determinism. The central idea is that the techniques used to generate and collect the data are replicable, which means that the research can be repeated and that, if it is, it will yield similar results and An advantage of applying the scientific method to psychology is that researchers have increased control over the variables and can have standardized procedures, which increases the researches’ reliability and replicability. the Research conducted using scientific methods are controlled, which means that every effort is made to remove all variables, except for those under study. One or more factors is then varied (the independent variables), and the effect that this has on the dependent variable is observed. This allows researchers to establish a causal link (if any) between these two sets of variables. (discussion on the advantages of the use of scientific method in psychology , 2010). In the localization of the science of psychology here in the Philippines society are able to uncover truths about the nature of humans – the root of their actions and the consequences of the decisions of the society today and how we shape the growing industries around us, in the term indigenize means that to make people particularly aware of and would’ve allow the mass to better understand the aspects, ideals and importance of this today; in addition, there are many occurring misconceptions when it comes to the field of study in Psychology and these are the few many reasons why people should devote time and analyze the importance of this branch of study today, Psychology is not just an occupation that treats people for the betterment of their welfare, how this is not validated for people that just has lots of insights when it comes to personal experience and how this is not is just common sense and giving proper advice.
Psychology and the advancement of its study helps us mend the conflicts we face today – Psychology and researches founded by the study are working to address issues such as protection for children, support people with health concerns, reduce workplace stress, eradicate discrimination and promote inclusion, reduce crime within the society and help create effective propagation of laws for our society. The branch of study contributed to the greater goods of the society in various fields, some of its contributions such as Medical, Work, Business, Safety, Educational, Safety, Educational, and Society. These are some of how we citizens unconsciously benefit from psychology in to our society : Psychology helped the school system to improve student’s success and well being through an understanding of their behaviors and psychological needs , this would offer a standard shift in of health care, medical education and health research emphasizing patient-centered care , Research on how consumers interact with products and services offered and this often helped companies better sell their products and their services , It helped improve productivity in the workplace by cultivating the wellbeing of employees also it could Helped individuals pick the right career for them and also improved the talents by accepting and promoting diversity in the community ,Psychology can also promoted social justice and tried to preserve human rights of every member of our society and where It could also lead to both crime prevention and crime reduction, in this brief identification of how important the localization of Psychology in our country could help the society to achieve lasting and powerful social progress , avoid the tendencies of stigmatization and be able to settle personal and social disputes.
The hit Netflix series titled “Sex Education” tackles the issues about sexuality, homophobia, preferences, juvenile delinquency, peer pressure and etc. which is astonishingly abundant to our society today — the show gained attention and praise for the normalization of such concepts and how bright the people behind the show to address the issues as a natural phenomenon and of how this could be use as a platform of empowerment but little did we know that tv series like this are some of the products of psychology of where we are able to be educated and understand the depths of human nature; the need for localization of psychology in the Philippines allows the mass to incorporate its teachings in daily life functions and where this could allow better understanding of complex situations and how this could lead us to better decision for the society today. Psychology doesn’t just deals with the study of mental processes and behavior at the same time, It can also be applied in our daily lives and in many things. How we act and how we perform are all related with psychology. That is because psychology studies our nature, the article about “the importance of psychology in health and in our everyday life, (2012).
It is actually very complicated because unlike the study of disease processes and the physical body, studying the human mind is very complicated and it is hard to study in an unbiased way. Its importance in the society has grown significantly over the years. Psychology is used to study various kinds of mental and life threatening diseases such as in Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and many other types of neurological disorders. Psychology is also used to better understand and help those with pervasive developmental disorders such as autism. The study of psychology in these disorders and diseases has helped medical professionals in developing cure and treatment for certain diseases. With psychology, we are able to learn about ourselves. To fully understand ourselves we have to know about the causes of our own behaviour and our perspectives in life. By knowing ourselves and learning our own personality, we can develop goals for ourselves. Also, by learning about ourselves, we are able to learn about other people and their differences. Gaining an understanding of oneself and of others can help improve the way relationships and communications work.
These are only some of the common uses and the importance of studying psychology. The career field in psychology is one of the most challenging and interesting fields today. Psychologists are the professionals who are experts in the field of psychology and they study the mind and the behaviour of people through observation, scientific method, and principles. They apply their knowledge and skills in different areas such as in education, law, health, and sports. They can specialize in various areas such as in clinical psychology, counseling psychology, school psychology, industrial-organizational psychology, developmental psychology, forensic psychology, and experimental and research psychology. Because they work and perform a wide variety of tasks, psychologists work in a variety of settings. There are psychologists who work in hospitals, psychiatric institutions, mental health facilities, as well as in research and academic settings. Because of the importance of psychology and its sub-areas, more and more psychologists are needed by the society these days. By 2012 and the next coming years the employment for psychologist is expected to grow as fast as average over all occupations as it will be seen as something more than an occupation that deals with personal health.
In conclusion, The localization of psychology in the Philippines would allow further advancements in knowledge in different fields and understand the complex nature of the human being and set forth to a better functioning government through the analysis of current disputes in the country, in Maslow’s hierarchy of needs — the need for growth does not stem from a shortfall of something, but rather it is from the desire to grow as a person. Once these growth needs are established and have been reasonably satisfied, and through this could attain the highest level called self-actualization, progress is often disrupted by a failure to meet lower-level needs and in connection with the need to localize science psychology in the Philippines, people fail to see the importance of the advancements provided by psychology in everyday life that’s why it hinders us from growth and where we could develop the parts of which we lack of or the understanding in; lastly, Philippines as a developing country with its current advancements in different fields needs localization of psychology because it has a broad scope of knowledge of which could allow different avenues for opportunity and formation of new knowledge that would be useful for this country and remove the stigma from the mass about psychology of just having medical benefits and use for the people. Psychology being broad branch of study in science allows the formulation of concrete answers and theories that would answer most of the questions people of this society have.
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