Insomnia: The Impact on Physical and Mental Health

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 686 |

Pages: 2|

4 min read

Published: Feb 12, 2024

Words: 686|Pages: 2|4 min read

Published: Feb 12, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Insomnia and Its Causes
  2. Insomnia and How It Impacts Physical Health
  3. Mental Health Risks Associated with Insomnia
  4. Conclusion

The fulfillment of essential needs plays a crucial role in determining people's quality of life. Just as eating disorders pose significant health risks due to the importance of proper nutrition, sleep disorders can also have a detrimental impact on the functioning of the human body. This paper aims to explore the effects of insomnia symptoms on both physical and mental health.

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Insomnia and Its Causes

Insomnia is one of the most common sleep disorders worldwide. Individuals suffering from insomnia experience various negative health effects, as sleep plays a natural healing role in the human body. The presence of insomnia completely changes the lives of those affected, as it is characterized by numerous symptoms that significantly disrupt daily life. These symptoms include an irregular sleep schedule, waking up at night with headaches or other discomforts, and the inability to maintain sufficient sleep duration (Taylor et al. 2).

The causes of insomnia are diverse and often related to other health issues or essential processes such as aging. Age-related disruptions in the sleep-wake cycle are well-documented, with early childhood and late adulthood being particularly susceptible (Taylor et al. 11). Other risk factors for insomnia include increased consumption of coffee, alcohol, medications, or illicit drugs. Additionally, changes in sleep habits, such as working evening or night shifts, can contribute to the development of insomnia. Injuries are also a common cause, with insomnia frequently occurring as a long-term consequence of brain injuries (Taylor et al. 12).

Insomnia and How It Impacts Physical Health

Insomnia has a profound impact on physical health, significantly reducing the overall quality of life. The disorder increases the risk of various diseases associated with the malfunctioning of different body systems. One notable effect of insomnia is its contribution to the development of obesity. Sleep plays a crucial role in recharging energy and balancing hormones in the body. The lack of sleep is perceived as an additional stressor, disrupting hormone balance and potentially causing metabolic disturbances (Chan et al. 1).

A systematic review by Chan et al. reveals a clear link between insomnia symptoms and abnormal body mass index (BMI). Their analysis of recent studies indicates that individuals with insomnia are more likely to have weight problems, although research results may vary (Chan et al. 2). Insomnia is also known to affect cardiovascular health, with nearly half of cardiac patients in the United States diagnosed with insomnia (Edwards and Hoover). This correlation between insomnia and cardiovascular risks holds true across diverse populations, as studies conducted in Taiwan have shown a higher incidence of stroke and acute myocardial infarction in adults with insomnia (Edwards and Hoover).

While the long-term effects of insomnia on physical health often take years to manifest, there is evidence supporting the short-term effects as well. Sleep deprivation can immediately lead to hypertension, causing severe headaches and abnormal heart rhythms in individuals with insomnia (Edwards and Hoover).

Mental Health Risks Associated with Insomnia

In addition to its physiological effects, insomnia is also associated with significant mental health risks. Although insomnia itself is not a direct cause of mental health issues, sleep deprivation can exacerbate existing mental illnesses. Depression, one of the most prevalent mental disorders, is strongly linked to insomnia (Li et al. 1). The symptoms of insomnia and depression often overlap, including difficulties with attention, fatigue, increased irritability, and a low tolerance for stress (Ashworth et al. 115).

A meta-analysis conducted by Li et al. supports the high comorbidity between clinical depression and insomnia. They found that patients with insomnia were more than twice as likely to develop clinical depression compared to those without sleep disorders (Li et al. 1). Insomnia is also associated with an increased risk of psychosis, as evidenced by the high prevalence of sleep problems among patients with schizophrenia and the occurrence of new psychotic episodes in individuals with mental illness (Birchwood 950).

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Insomnia has a profound impact on both physical and mental health. Physically, it contributes to abnormal blood pressure, heart rhythm disorders, headaches, and an increased risk of stroke. It can also lead to metabolic disturbances and the development of obesity. Mentally, insomnia is strongly associated with clinical depression and psychosis. Adequate sleep is vital for maintaining a healthy lifestyle.

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Insomnia: The Impact on Physical and Mental Health. (2024, February 12). GradesFixer. Retrieved February 25, 2024, from
“Insomnia: The Impact on Physical and Mental Health.” GradesFixer, 12 Feb. 2024,
Insomnia: The Impact on Physical and Mental Health. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 25 Feb. 2024].
Insomnia: The Impact on Physical and Mental Health [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Feb 12 [cited 2024 Feb 25]. Available from:
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