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Josef Mengele's Biography

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Josef Mengele

Josef Mengele was a “so-called” scientist who killed many Jewish people in the Holocaust. He was a German doctor who lived his life to continue his studies at all costs.

Josef Mengele was born on March 16, 1911 in Günzburg, Germany to a somewhat wealthy family of five his father was founder of the Karl Mengele & Sons Company which is A producer of farming machinery. He graduated High School in April of 1930 and went on to study medicine and philosophy at the University Of Munich. In 1935 he got his P.H.D. in Anthropology. In January 1937 he conducted genetics research at the institute for Hereditary Biology and Racial Hygiene in Frankfurt. He had a particular interest in twins when researching which was a stepping-stone to what he will do in Auschwitz.

Mengele was accepted in 1943 to the Auschwitz Concentration Camp and immediately transferred to Birkenau. This was first intended to be a Slave Camp was soon made into a Death and Slave camp. Mengele thought of his time at the concentration camp as a way to continue anthropology and soon started conducting experiments on his patients. In late 1941, Hitler ordered all Jews that were unfit for work ordered to extinction. The Jews went through selection which most S.S. members thought was Stressful, While Mengele thought of it as fun and a chance to search for patients to conduct experiments on, namely twins. Mengele kept his reputation by using murderous policies, such as drawing a line on the wall of the children’s block between 150 and 156 centimeters from the floor, Then sending those whose heads could not reach the line to the gas chamber.

Josef Mengele experimented on people with different color eyes, dwarfs, people with physical disabilities and twins, but he completely disregarded his patient’s health. His subjects were better fed, housed and clothed than the other sufferer’s of Auschwitz only to have a harsh life afterward. Mengele had twins go under weekly check-ups to keep them healthy. He then amputated limbs unnecessarily, intentionally infected them with typhus, and transfused blood from one twin to the other. If a twin didn’t survive a procedure the other one would be killed, because there was no need for it. Sometimes Mengele would sew twins together in order to try and create conjoined twins. Once Mengele’s assistant rounded up 14 pairs of Gypsy twins during the night. Mengele placed them on his dissection table and put them to sleep. He then proceeded to inject chloroform into their hearts, killing them instantly. Mengele then began dissecting and noting each and every piece of the twins’ bodies. Mengele sometimes injected chemicals into the eyes of children in an attempt to change their eye color. Twins undergoing his experiments didn’t know what the objectives were. It is known that he had a special pathology lab where he performed autopsies on twins who had died from experiments.

Josef Mengele was sited several times after the holocaust. He was spotted in a Greek island and several spots in Germany. Josef finally died on February 7, 1979. He will forever be remembered as another horrible man of the holocaust.

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Josef Mengele’s Biography. (2019, March 12). GradesFixer. Retrieved August 15, 2022, from
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