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Obesity is defined as the abnormal condition and increased fat deposition in adipose tissues(1). The main aim of this study is to identify the main factors of spreading of obesity among university students(2). As university students do not follow healthy eating patterns, in terms of eating habits(3). They make their own eating patterns on the basis of their food choices(4). And choices are based on cost and availability of food. Less knowledge may negatively affect eating patterns and nutritional status(5). Their diet is high in fatty foods and low in healthy foods like fruits and vegetables(3). University students usually choose fast food because it is commonly available and fast to cook(6). There is increase prevalence of obesity in developed as well as in developing countries.
As the countries become more westernized, the obesity rate is increased three times in the developing countries over the past 20 years, with the increase adoption of sedentary lifestyle and consumption of high caloric foods is also increased(7, 8): Pakistan 13%–52.6%(9). One of the leading cause of obesity is alteration in diets which has become more modernized(10). University students use more snacks(11) and consume more fast food(12). Previous studies reveled that due to the consumption of more snacks and fast food students cannot fulfill the need of recommended food intake of fruits and vegetables(13, 14).
It has been revealed that the medical students have more healthy dietary habits as compared to other students(15). Previous studies showed that due to poor eating habits medical students can develop more risk factors of chronic diseases(16). It was studied that although medical students have enough knowledge regarding good food and good habits, but they fail to apply in practical life(17). Factors that negatively affect their life would be university stress or load of medical studies(18). One of the leading cause of obesity in adults is changing in dietary habits which has become modernized(10). Studies showed that there is an increased consumption of meat and refined products as compared to fruits and vegetables in Saudi Arabia(19). Because of these changes in diets overweight and obese adults has increased in Saudi Arabia in past few decades(20). University students are highly exposed to unhealthy diet which can lead them towards obesity and overweight, these studies showed that males have higher risk of obesity than females(14).
WHO studies showed that females have more risk of obesity than male persons(21). Some researchers found that adults spend more time with their friends(22) or they may be disconnected from their parents(23). During adulthood there may be some psychological factors that are related to health behaviors(24). By the National health interview survey data(25) it is revealed that there may be decline in physical activity of adults age between 15 to 18 which may continue to the age of 20(25). Through this survey it is also indicated that use of fast food restaurants is higher among adults(26).
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