Macbeth's Downfall

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About this sample


Words: 644 |

Page: 1|

4 min read

Published: Jan 30, 2024

Words: 644|Page: 1|4 min read

Published: Jan 30, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Macbeth's Ambition
  3. Macbeth's Moral Decay
  4. Macbeth's Psychological Decline
  5. Conclusion


A. Hook: "Fair is foul, and foul is fair." This quote from the witches in Macbeth sets the tone for the play and foreshadows the downfall of the protagonist.

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B. Background information: Macbeth is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare, set in Scotland during the 11th century. The play revolves around Macbeth, a brave general, who receives a prophecy from three witches that he will become king. Macbeth's ambition for power leads him to commit heinous crimes, ultimately resulting in his downfall. His wife, Lady Macbeth, plays a significant role in pushing him towards his ultimate fate.

C. Thesis statement: Although various factors contribute to Macbeth's downfall, his ambition, moral decay, and psychological decline are the primary reasons behind his tragic end.

Macbeth's Ambition

A. Explanation of Macbeth's initial ambition: At the beginning of the play, Macbeth is a valiant warrior, loyal to his king. However, his ambition for power is ignited when he receives the prophecy from the witches, leading him to consider killing King Duncan to seize the throne.

B. Analysis of the influence of Lady Macbeth: Macbeth's wife, Lady Macbeth, plays a significant role in pushing him towards his fate. She questions his manhood when he hesitates to kill Duncan, and she plans and executes the murder. Lady Macbeth's ambition and manipulation contribute to Macbeth's downfall.

C. The impact of the witches' prophecies: The witches' prophecies fuel Macbeth's ambition and drive him to make immoral choices. The prophecy that "none of woman born shall harm Macbeth" instils a false sense of invincibility in him, making him reckless.

Macbeth's Moral Decay

A. Macbeth's internal conflict: Macbeth struggles with his conscience, torn between his ambition and his moral compass. His soliloquy, "Is this a dagger which I see before me," illustrates his internal conflict.

B. Analysis of Macbeth's moral choices: Macbeth consciously makes immoral choices, such as killing Duncan and Banquo. His desire for power and fear of losing it drive him to make these decisions, leading to moral decay.

C. The consequences of Macbeth's actions: Macbeth's immoral deeds have severe repercussions, leading to the deaths of many characters, including his own downfall.

Macbeth's Psychological Decline

A. Macbeth's paranoia: Macbeth's guilt and fear lead to his increasing paranoia and hallucinations. The famous line, "Out, damned spot! Out, I say!" illustrates his declining mental state.

B. The declining mental state of Lady Macbeth: Lady Macbeth's guilt and remorse lead to her decline into madness. Macbeth's concern for her further deteriorates his own mental state.

C. Macbeth's isolation and alienation: Macbeth's actions and choices isolate him from his friends and allies. His paranoia and guilt lead him to lose touch with reality, alienating himself from everyone around him.


A. Restate the thesis statement and summarize the main points discussed in the essay. Macbeth's downfall is attributed to his ambition, moral decay, and psychological decline, leading to his tragic end.

B. Final thoughts: The play explores themes such as power, ambition, and morality. Macbeth's downfall serves as a cautionary tale, illustrating the dangers of unchecked ambition and power.

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C. Closing statement: Macbeth is a timeless masterpiece that continues to captivate audiences worldwide, as it explores the fatal consequences of human actions.

  1. Shakespeare, William, and Kenneth Muir. 2005. "Macbeth". London: Bloomsbury Arden Shakespeare.
  2. Cliff, Stafford. "Macbeth: Summary and Analysis." CliffsNotes. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, n.d. Web. 21 Feb. 2022. (source)
  3. Bradley, A. C. 1991. "Shakespearean Tragedy: Lectures On Hamlet, Othello, King Lear, And Macbeth". New York: Penguin Classics.
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Cite this Essay

Macbeth’s Downfall. (2024, January 30). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 15, 2024, from
“Macbeth’s Downfall.” GradesFixer, 30 Jan. 2024,
Macbeth’s Downfall. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 15 Jul. 2024].
Macbeth’s Downfall [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Jan 30 [cited 2024 Jul 15]. Available from:
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