Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: a Timeless Theory

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 644 |

Page: 1|

4 min read

Published: Feb 12, 2024

Words: 644|Page: 1|4 min read

Published: Feb 12, 2024

Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a well-known psychological theory that has stood the test of time. Developed during the Second World War, this theory remains relevant today and continues to be studied by scholars around the world. It is important to delve into the key concepts of this theory and understand how they can be applied in various contexts.

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Maslow's hierarchy of needs posits that every individual has five fundamental human needs that, when fulfilled, contribute to a meaningful life. These needs include physiological needs, safety, love and belongingness, esteem, and self-actualization. The first two levels are essential for the physical well-being of individuals, while the last three cater to their psychological needs. Maslow believed that a balance between these needs is necessary for individuals to reach their full potential.

According to Maslow, physiological needs and safety must be met before individuals can focus on fulfilling their psychological needs. Without a stable living environment and access to basic resources, it is challenging for individuals to lead a fulfilling life. Lack of resources and exposure to dangerous environments can have detrimental effects on one's mental well-being and hinder personal growth. For instance, a mother struggling to make ends meet may prioritize financial stability over spiritual fulfillment, neglecting the higher levels of Maslow's pyramid.

Building upon the foundation of physiological needs and safety, individuals can then focus on cultivating love and belongingness, self-esteem, and self-actualization. Social connections, intimate relationships, and a sense of belonging are crucial for emotional well-being. Additionally, developing self-esteem and striving for self-actualization are key components of leading a purposeful life. Maslow believed that individuals who reach the pinnacle of self-actualization are driven by growth motivation, shifting their focus from self-interest to social interest, ultimately leading to personal satisfaction and communal peace.

The theory of Maslow's hierarchy of needs is further exemplified through the lives of prominent individuals such as Mother Teresa. Through case studies of historical figures, researchers have demonstrated how fulfilling these five human needs can lead to personal fulfillment and positive social change. Individuals who reach the highest level of the pyramid have the potential to impact their communities and beyond, contributing to societal development.

Moreover, the application of Maslow's hierarchy of needs extends beyond the individual level. Counselors working with refugees, for example, can utilize this framework to provide practical support and promote wellness. By addressing basic needs such as food, safety, and social connections, counselors can help refugees work towards fulfilling their psychological needs and achieving self-actualization. This theory also serves as a valuable framework for preventing burnout and promoting wellness in various settings.

In conclusion, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, developed eight decades ago, remains a powerful and relevant theory in the 21st century. By emphasizing the importance of meeting physiological needs, creating a safe environment, fostering social connections, building self-esteem, and striving for self-actualization, individuals can lead fulfilling lives and contribute to positive social change. The impact of this theory is evident in the lives of prominent individuals and its practical applications in diverse fields. It is imperative for society to recognize and appreciate the significance of Maslow's hierarchy of needs, as it has the potential to transform lives and societies for the better.


D'Souza, J., & Gurin, M. (2016). The universal significance of Maslow's concept of self-actualization. The Humanistic Psychologist, 44(2), 210-214.

Hale, A. J., Ricotta, D. N., Freed, J., Smith, C. C., & Huang, G. C. (2019). Adapting Maslow's hierarchy of needs as a framework for resident wellness. Teaching and Learning in Medicine, 31(1), 109-118.

Healy, K. J. (2016). A theory of human motivation by Abraham H. Maslow - Reflection. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 208(4), 313.

Lonn, M., & Dantzler, J. (2017). A practical approach to counseling refugees: Applying Maslow's hierarchy of needs. Journal of Counselor Practice, 8(2), 61-82.

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Shahrawat, A., & Shahrawat, R. (2017). Application of Maslow's hierarchy of needs in a historical context: Case studies of four prominent figures. Psychology, 08(07), 939-954.

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Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: A Timeless Theory. (2024, February 12). GradesFixer. Retrieved February 25, 2024, from
“Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: A Timeless Theory.” GradesFixer, 12 Feb. 2024,
Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: A Timeless Theory. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 25 Feb. 2024].
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