Nwoye: Chinua Achebe's "Things Fall Apart"

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About this sample


Words: 733 |

Pages: 2|

4 min read

Published: Jun 13, 2024

Words: 733|Pages: 2|4 min read

Published: Jun 13, 2024


Chinua Achebe's seminal work, "Things Fall Apart," provides a profound exploration of pre-colonial and early colonial African society through the lens of the Igbo community. Central to this narrative is the character of Nwoye, the son of the protagonist, Okonkwo. Nwoye’s character arc is a compelling depiction of internal conflict, societal pressures, and the transformative power of cultural change. This essay aims to analyze Nwoye's character, examining his development from a conflicted youth to an individual seeking his path amidst the tumultuous changes brought by colonialism and Christianity.

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Body Paragraph 1: Nwoye’s Early Life and Internal Conflict

At the beginning of "Things Fall Apart," Nwoye is portrayed as a sensitive and thoughtful boy, starkly contrasting with his father's expectations of masculinity and strength. Okonkwo's disdain for what he perceives as Nwoye's weakness is evident in his harsh treatment and constant criticism. Nwoye's internal conflict is primarily rooted in his desire to please his father while simultaneously being drawn to the gentler, more reflective aspects of his personality. This duality is further exacerbated by Okonkwo's reverence for traditional Igbo values, which emphasize physical prowess and stoicism, traits that Nwoye finds difficult to embody.

One significant moment highlighting this internal struggle is Nwoye's reaction to the stories told by his mother. Unlike the violent and war-centric tales favored by Okonkwo, the folktales his mother shares resonate deeply with Nwoye, providing him with a sense of comfort and identity. This preference, however, becomes another source of tension between him and his father, as Okonkwo views these stories as a sign of weakness. Consequently, Nwoye's early life is marked by a profound sense of inadequacy and a growing rift between his true self and the person his father wishes him to be.

Body Paragraph 2: The Influence of Ikemefuna and the Onset of Change

Ikemefuna, a boy from another village who is taken in by Okonkwo's family, plays a pivotal role in Nwoye's life. His arrival brings a temporary sense of stability and camaraderie, as Nwoye looks up to Ikemefuna as an older brother. Under Ikemefuna's influence, Nwoye begins to adopt behaviors that please Okonkwo, such as participating in more traditionally masculine activities. This period marks a significant, albeit temporary, shift in Nwoye's character as he attempts to reconcile his inherent nature with his father's expectations.

However, this fragile balance is shattered with the tragic death of Ikemefuna, orchestrated by the village elders and, devastatingly, supported by Okonkwo. Nwoye's grief and sense of betrayal following Ikemefuna's death are profound, marking a turning point in his relationship with his father and his perception of traditional Igbo values. This event catalyzes Nwoye's growing disillusionment with his society's rigid structures and sets the stage for his eventual transformation.

Body Paragraph 3: Conversion to Christianity and Final Transformation

The arrival of Christian missionaries in Umuofia presents Nwoye with an alternative to the life that has caused him so much inner turmoil. The message of Christianity, with its emphasis on compassion, forgiveness, and a personal connection to the divine, resonates with Nwoye's inherent sensibilities. It offers him a sense of belonging and acceptance that he has never felt within his own community. Nwoye's decision to convert to Christianity signifies his final break from his father's world and the traditional values he has struggled to conform to.

This conversion is not merely a rebellion against Okonkwo but a deliberate and thoughtful choice by Nwoye to forge his path. It represents his rejection of the violence and rigidity of his father's beliefs in favor of a worldview that aligns more closely with his values. However, this decision also leads to his estrangement from his family and community, highlighting the personal cost of such a transformation. Nwoye's journey reflects the broader themes of cultural clash and change that Achebe explores in "Things Fall Apart," illustrating the complex interplay between individual identity and societal expectations.


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Nwoye's character in "Things Fall Apart" serves as a poignant exploration of the struggle between tradition and change, personal identity, and societal expectations. His transformation from a conflicted boy striving to meet his father's expectations to an individual who embraces a new faith and identity encapsulates the broader cultural and generational shifts occurring in Umuofia. Through Nwoye's journey, Achebe poignantly captures the pain, confusion, and ultimately, the resilience that accompanies the quest for self-discovery amidst profound societal upheaval. Nwoye's story is a testament to the enduring human spirit's capacity for growth and change, even in the face of seemingly insurmountable challenges.

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Prof. Linda Burke

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Nwoye: Chinua Achebe’s “Things Fall Apart”. (2024, Jun 13). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 20, 2024, from
“Nwoye: Chinua Achebe’s “Things Fall Apart”.” GradesFixer, 13 Jun. 2024,
Nwoye: Chinua Achebe’s “Things Fall Apart”. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 20 Jul. 2024].
Nwoye: Chinua Achebe’s “Things Fall Apart” [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Jun 13 [cited 2024 Jul 20]. Available from:
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