Oedipus and Creon in Sophocles' Oedipus The King

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About this sample


Words: 523 |

Page: 1|

3 min read

Published: Jun 14, 2024

Words: 523|Page: 1|3 min read

Published: Jun 14, 2024

From the very beginning of Sophocles' renowned tragedy, Oedipus the King, tension arises between the two central characters, Oedipus and Creon. Oedipus, the tragic hero, accuses Creon, his brother-in-law, of conspiring against him. This accusation serves as a catalyst for the chain of events that ultimately leads to Oedipus' downfall. Through an analysis of Oedipus' accusations and their implications, it becomes evident that Oedipus' paranoia and pride blind him to the truth. This essay will explore the relationship between Oedipus and Creon, examining the accusations made by Oedipus and their consequences within the context of the play.

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Early in the play, Oedipus accuses Creon of treason and conspiracy. Oedipus accuses Creon of attempting to seize the throne for himself, suggesting that Creon wants to overthrow him and take his place as the ruler of Thebes. This accusation is significant as it sets the stage for the conflict between Oedipus and Creon. However, the accusation is baseless and lacks any concrete evidence. Oedipus' paranoia and pride are evident in this moment, as he jumps to conclusions without considering alternative explanations.

Oedipus' accusation against Creon has significant consequences for both characters and the overall plot of the play. Firstly, it strains the relationship between Oedipus and Creon, leading to a deepening divide between the two characters. Oedipus' distrust in Creon forms a barrier between them, preventing any form of productive collaboration. Additionally, Oedipus' accusation sets in motion a series of events that ultimately reveal his own tragic fate. By accusing Creon, Oedipus unknowingly sets himself up for the revelation of his own guilt, as it is later revealed that Oedipus himself is the murderer he seeks.

Throughout the play, Oedipus continues to accuse Creon, refusing to accept any alternative explanations or doubts. He accuses Creon of being a traitor and conspirator, even when new evidence emerges that suggests Oedipus may be responsible for the crimes he seeks to solve. Oedipus' unwavering accusations further highlight his pride and stubbornness, as he refuses to consider any possibility other than Creon's guilt.

An irony emerges from Oedipus' accusations against Creon. While Oedipus accuses Creon of conspiring against him, it is Oedipus himself who has unknowingly fulfilled the prophecy that he would kill his father and marry his mother. This irony serves to emphasize the theme of fate and the tragic nature of Oedipus' life. Oedipus' relentless accusations against Creon only serve to highlight his own guilt and the inevitability of his tragic fate.

In conclusion, the relationship between Oedipus and Creon in Sophocles' Oedipus the King is defined by Oedipus' unfounded accusations and their consequences. Oedipus' paranoia and pride blind him to the truth, leading him to accuse Creon without any concrete evidence. These accusations strain their relationship, set in motion the events that reveal Oedipus' tragic fate, and highlight the irony of Oedipus' situation. Oedipus' accusations against Creon ultimately serve as a reflection of his own guilt and the tragic nature of his life. Sophocles' masterful portrayal of these characters and their complex relationship serves as a timeless reminder of the destructive power of pride and the inevitability of fate.


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- Sophocles. Oedipus the King. Translated by Ian Johnston, Richer Resources Publications, 2018.

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Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

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Oedipus and Creon in Sophocles’ Oedipus the King. (2024, Jun 14). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 23, 2024, from
“Oedipus and Creon in Sophocles’ Oedipus the King.” GradesFixer, 14 Jun. 2024,
Oedipus and Creon in Sophocles’ Oedipus the King. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 23 Jul. 2024].
Oedipus and Creon in Sophocles’ Oedipus the King [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Jun 14 [cited 2024 Jul 23]. Available from:
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