Old Major's Speech in The Novel Animal Farm

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About this sample


Words: 611 |

Page: 1|

4 min read

Published: Jun 14, 2024

Words: 611|Page: 1|4 min read

Published: Jun 14, 2024

Animal Farm, written by George Orwell, is a thought-provoking allegorical novel that explores the dangers of totalitarianism through the lens of a group of farm animals. One of the most powerful moments in the novel is Old Major's speech, which serves as a catalyst for the animals' rebellion against their human oppressors. This essay will analyze Old Major's speech and its significance within the context of the novel, highlighting the use of keyword repetition as a rhetorical device. Through an examination of the speech's themes, language, and persuasive techniques, this essay will demonstrate how Old Major effectively galvanizes the animals to fight for their freedom.

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Old Major's speech in Animal Farm contains several instances of keyword repetition, which enhances the persuasive impact of his message. The repetition of certain words and phrases serves to emphasize key ideas and concepts, making them more memorable and impactful for the audience. One example of this repetition can be seen when Old Major repeatedly uses the word "comrades" to address the animals. By employing this term, Old Major establishes a sense of unity and solidarity among the animals, appealing to their shared experience of oppression and inspiring them to work together towards a common goal.

The repetition of the word "freedom" is another notable aspect of Old Major's speech. This repetition underscores the central theme of liberation and serves to ignite a sense of longing and desire within the animals. By repeatedly invoking the idea of freedom, Old Major taps into the innate yearning for autonomy that resides within each of the animals, effectively arousing their emotions and motivating them to challenge the existing power structure.

Furthermore, Old Major's use of repetition extends beyond individual words and encompasses entire phrases. For instance, he repeatedly emphasizes the phrase "All animals are equal" throughout his speech. This repetition not only highlights the principle of equality as a fundamental tenet of the animals' rebellion but also reinforces its importance and relevance in the face of their current subjugation. By emphasizing this phrase, Old Major seeks to unite the animals under a common ideology and convince them of the necessity to overthrow their human oppressors.

In addition to keyword repetition, Old Major's speech employs various rhetorical techniques to further strengthen his argument. One such technique is the use of vivid imagery. Old Major paints a vivid picture of the animals' miserable existence under human control, describing their lives as "miserable, laborious, and short." This imagery evokes a strong emotional response from the animals, heightening their dissatisfaction with the status quo and intensifying their desire for change.

Another persuasive technique employed by Old Major is the appeal to reason. He presents a logical argument to support his case for rebellion, highlighting the inherent flaws and injustices of the human-dominated society. By appealing to the animals' rationality, Old Major seeks to convince them that their current situation is untenable and that they must take action to improve their lives.

In conclusion, Old Major's speech in Animal Farm serves as a powerful and persuasive call to action for the animals. Through the use of keyword repetition, vivid imagery, and logical arguments, Old Major effectively galvanizes the animals to rise against their human oppressors. The repetition of certain words and phrases helps to emphasize key ideas and concepts, making them more memorable and impactful for the audience. By employing rhetorical techniques and appealing to the animals' emotions and reason, Old Major successfully instills a sense of unity, longing for freedom, and the necessity for rebellion. Ultimately, Old Major's speech serves as a crucial turning point in the novel, setting the stage for the animals' revolution and highlighting the dangers of totalitarianism.


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Orwell, George. Animal Farm. Harcourt Brace & Company, 1946.

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Old Major’s Speech in the Novel Animal Farm. (2024, Jun 14). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 15, 2024, from
“Old Major’s Speech in the Novel Animal Farm.” GradesFixer, 14 Jun. 2024,
Old Major’s Speech in the Novel Animal Farm. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 15 Jul. 2024].
Old Major’s Speech in the Novel Animal Farm [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Jun 14 [cited 2024 Jul 15]. Available from:
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