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Given Qatar’s foreign and security policy under Hamad bin Khalifa, it is clear that the overall goal of its foreign policy during the 1990s, 2000, and 2010 was to diversify reliance on the US security understanding. Hamad bin Khalifa oversaw a comprehensive reform of Qatar’s energy economics. Oil production rose from 3.7 million barrels per day (million barrels per day) produced in 1995 to 16.9 million barrels per day in 2000 (OECD, 2013). More importantly, however, LNG development in Qatar led by Abdullah al-Attiyah, the chief adviser to Hamad bin Khalifa, was in stark contrast to the pursuit of his predecessors for the industry (Dargin, 2011; Hashimoto et al., 2004). ). These energy shifts – in spite of LNG investments in particular – have been the main catalysts of the master plan that supports the majority of state policies for two reasons.
First, LNG drove Qatar from being a rich country to a very rich country with two streams of hydrocarbon-based income. The liquefied natural gas (LNG) project of state reservoirs essentially pushed Hamad bin Khalifa to conduct a series of costly political prosecutions in the first and second decades of the 21st century. He has invested countless billions in the education system in Qatar, especially building a full educational “city” and attracting the top Western universities. His numerous diplomatic invasions in mediation across the region have often been supported by financial strength, as in the 2008 Lebanese example and the multi-year Darfur negotiations, as a vehicle for settling disputes (Kamrava, 2011). The quest to increase soft power in Qatar was a costly proposition. Not only has Qatar’s Al Jazeera news channel collected funds every year since its establishment, but billions of dollars have been spent on fine arts, building world-class museums and hosting a host of world-class sporting events. All this was done to strengthen Qatar’s vision and to promote and disseminate a progressive message about the state.
Second, by building the capacity to become a major gas supplier to countries all over the world, Qatar plays an important role in some of the most important states in the world. In 2013, Qatar provided 14% of its production of LNG, Belgium 40%, Brazil 4%, Canada 83%, Chile 5%, China 38%, France 19%, India 85%, Japan 18% , Kuwait 86%, Mexico 23%, Spain 23%, Taiwan 50%, Thailand 74%, UAE 84%, United Kingdom 93%, United States 8%.
Although Qatar sometimes provides only a small fraction of LNG imports in the country, liquefied natural gas is not, of course, the country’s only source of energy, and Qatar is clearly very important in many countries. In particular, taking into consideration the role of LNG in each state and Qatar’s contribution to it, Qatar is very important to countries such as Belgium, China, France, India, Japan, South Korea, Spain, Taiwan and the United Kingdom. This is a list of countries with financial, military and political influence that depend heavily on Qatar’s continued prosperity and security. In 2013 and 2014, Qatari importers also included four permanent members of the UN Security Council and three non-permanent members (Argentina, Korea and Chile).
The third direct result of the gas wealth was the creation of a financial surplus created in the creation of a sovereign wealth fund, the Qatar Investment Authority (QIA) in 2005. This fund soon became one of the most recognized funds. The world with a large range of acquisitions, usually from leading stock companies and companies, into the world’s leading markets.
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