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Child Obesity and Its Effects on Population Health

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When it comes to decision making, a child’s weight seems to spark some disagreement. This paper is composed of two research articles that discuss how stoutness is taking over young adolescents. The purpose of this essay is to bring reference to children obesity and some of the social factors that contribute to the disease. It also will discuss how it is becoming more of a growing ethical concern in public health practice and epidemiology studies. Last the essay discusses what regulations policy makers have in place to make prevention of child obesity less controversial.

Summary

Prevalence Rates of youth stoutness have significantly increased over the span of the latest decades, though late examinations have shown some alteration in most age groups. While school-develop programs focused in light of extending physical development and better support choices may add to the deceleration of this pandemic, about 4% of US kids continue being requested as to an incredible degree heavy, predominating the amount of children resolved to have danger, cystic fibrosis, HIV, and pre-adult diabetes combined.

Social Factors

Sahoo et al. (2015) found that, Socio-traditional variables have additionally been found to impact the growth of being overweight. Our general public tends to utilize nourishment as a reward, to control others, and as a component of socializing. Sahoo et al. (2015) argue that these services of nourishment can support the advance of unfortunate associations with sustenance, in this manner expanding the danger of creating corpulence.

Impact

Sahoo et al. (2015) argue that, the social results of stoutness may add to proceeding with trouble in weight control. Overweight adolescents tend to shield themselves from negative remarks and harsh outlooks by withdrawing to safe spots, for example, their homes, where they may look for nourishment as a solace. Furthermore, kids who are overweight tend to have less companions than ordinary weight kids, which brings about less social connection and play, and additional time spent in inactive activities. As previously mentioned from Sahoo et al. (2015), physical movement is frequently more troublesome for overweight and stout kids as they tend to get shortness of breath and regularly experience serious difficulties staying aware of their friends. This thus definitely brings about weight pick up, as the measure of calories devoured surpasses the measure of vitality burned.

Family Impact

A child’s parent(s) or guardian(s) can be another leading influence on children obesity. The food that a child has access to in the house can be an influence on their overall health. Sahoo et al. (2015) found that, “Studies have shown that having an overweight mother and living in a single parent household are associated with overweight and childhood obesity”.

Ethical Considerations in Childhood Obesity

When deciding which treatment option is most beneficial for the obese child, the primary consideration is if the health of the child is being compromised by the obesity. Then the caregiver must determine the effectiveness of other available weight loss options and finally, the executive capacity of the child must be evaluated. This means that the child (adolescent) must be aware of the different facets of the prevention taking place. Some of these preventions are as follows: surgery (along with the dangers and the benefits), the probability of the dangers and advantages happening, and the deep-rooted responsibility regarding surgical development. Perryman & Sidoti (2015) think that, While the health care professional must determine if the child has this ability, it is the parent or guardian who must give consent for the child. This becomes problematic when parents and their children do not agree on surgery to treat obesity. Perryman & Sidoti (2015) mention that, Parents may focus on the perceived negative physical and psychological consequences of their child’s obesity and attempt to persuade the child’s assent.

Ethical Issue of Diagnosing Child Obesity

Perryman & Sidoti (2015) mention that, Arranging kids as corpulent creates its own arrangement of moral concerns. BMI, a proportion of weight to stature, has generally been utilized to survey overweight in grown-ups and keeps on being the most prominent standard for measuring stoutness. In any case, Perryman & Sidoti (2015) acknowledge that as BMI is currently reliably utilized for estimating the tyke and youthful populace, it has moved toward becoming scrutinized because of the physical development and advancement expected in this group.

1. Depression and Anxiety

According to Sahoo et al. (2015), a current review determined that a great number of studies discovered a potential connection between eating conflicts and unhappiness. Moreover, Sahoo et al. (2015) state that in a clinical example of stout young people, a higher life-time commonness of nervousness issue was accounted for contrasted with non-fat controls.

2. Academic cost

According to Sahoo et al. (2015), adolescence heftiness has additionally been found to adversely influence school execution. An examination thinks about presumed that overweight and fat youngsters were four times more inclined to report having issues at school than their typical weight peers.

3. Policy Holders Roles and Regulations

One ethical concern that sparks debate is giving a child autonomy in deciding which route is the best weight prevention for his/her body. Sahoo et al. (2015) address that, independence, or the privileges of patients to freely self-oversee and select alternatives in view of their own desires, is relinquished as kids are not ready to settle on wellbeing related decisions. Self-governance would enable the kid to make and actualize an arrangement, and in addition effectively seek after that picked predetermination. Be that as it may, legitimately and morally, that obligation tumbles to the parent. This raises doubt about the parent’s capacity to settle on choices to the greatest advantage of the corpulent kid, given the present wellbeing condition. According to Perryman & Sidoti (2015) Non-maleficence, or to do no mischief, is another commitment helping experts need to forgo activities that hazard harming patients. While examining treatment alternatives for the stout tyke, which mediations do no damage?.

Perryman & Sidoti (2015) state, There are changing degrees of physical, social, and passionate, dangers related with pharmacotherapy, family-based treatment, and bariatric surgery. The slightest obtrusive of these is family-based treatment for adolescence heftiness; in any case, new research has discovered that parent inspiration is a critical factor in this sort of intervention, as is parental weight loss. While conducting the research Perryman & Sidoti (2015) discovered that as helping experts are setting up committed associations with families and patients, trust is foremost. Devotion is expert when the treatment group adopts an extensive strategy and sees how to best meet the fat youngster’s objectives toward weight reduction and wellbeing advancement and completes on their dedication. The family and youngster are likewise trusting in that group considering their promoted learning, ability, and skill in the zone of pediatric weight treatment.

According to Perryman & Sidoti (2015), Veracity, or truthfulness, is an essential element of communication between patients, families, and doctors and is imperative to the decision-making process when choosing the best treatment option for the obese child.

Analysis

After the research provided by these two articles, it seems that childhood obesity is becoming a more recognized topic in epidemiology. There seems to be an adequate amount of information provided on the causes, and consequences of adolescents with stoutness. When reviewing these articles, it seems there should be a discussion on lifting some regulations on children making decisions for their health. It may be beneficial for the child to choose and lift some ethical concern. There also seems to be more research needed to provide a safer broader range of treatments for stout children. Perryman & Sidoti (2015) state “while childhood obesity continues to be a physical, emotional, and psychosocial issue impacting many families, there are limited treatment options available”. Sahoo et al. 2015 mention that “The growing issue of childhood obesity can be slowed, if society focuses on the causes”.

Conclusion

To conclude, the research essay that was provided from these articles thoroughly discussed how obesity is affecting children within the population. The research also brought light to contributions in society that is potentially enabling this disease to grow. However, there may need to be some adjustments made on a child’s decision to choose what preventative measures and treatments they want to undergo for a healthier lifestyle. This may help them not carry being overweight into adulthood causing possible longevity in their lifespan.

References

  1. Britz B, Siegfried W, Ziegler A, Lamertz C, Herpertz-Dahlmann BM, Remschmidt H, et al. Rates of psychiatric disorders in a clinical study group of adolescents with extreme obesity and in obese adolescents ascertained via a population based study. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2000; 24:1707–14.
  2. Buchwald H. Bariatric surgery for morbid obesity: health implications for patients, health professionals, and third-party payers. J Am Coll Surg. 2005;200(4):593–604.
  3. Budd GM, Hayman LL. Addressing the childhood obesity crisis. Am J Matern Child Nurs. 2008; 33:113–7. [PubMed]
  4. Caniano DA. Ethical issues in pediatric bariatric surgery. Semin Pediatr Surg. 2009;18(3):186–192.
  5. Gallagher SM. What is the meaning of informed consent, weight loss surgery, and the pediatric patient? Bariatr Nurs Surg Patient Care. 2010;5(3):231–234.
  6. Goldfield GS, Moore C, Henderson K, Buchholz A, Obeid N, Flament MF. Body dissatisfaction, dietary restraint, depression, and weight status in adolescents. J Sch Health. 2010; 80:186–92. [PubMed]
  7. Huerta M, Gdalevich M, Tlashadze A, et al. Appropriateness of US and international BMI-for-age reference curves in defining adiposity among Israeli school children. Eur J Pediartr. 2007;166(6):573–578.
  8. Hunter HL, Steele RG, Steele MM. Family based treatment for pediatric overweight: parental weight loss as a predictor of children’s treatment success. Child Health Care. 2008;37(2):112–125
  9. Moens E, Braet C, Bosmans G, Rosseel Y. Unfavourable family characteristics and their associations with childhood obesity: A cross-sectional study. Eur Eat Disord Rev. 2009; 17:315–23. [PubMed]
  10. Niehoff V. Childhood obesity: A call to action. Bariatric Nursing and Surgical Patient. Care. 2009;4:17–23
  11. Perryman, M. L., & Sidoti, K. A. (2015, March 05). [Full text] Ethical considerations in the treatment of childhood obesity | MB. Retrieved January 09, 2018, from https://www.dovepress.com/ethical-considerations-in-the-treatment-of-childhood-obesity-peer-reviewed-fulltext-article-MB
  12. Pratt JS, Lenders CM, Dionne EA, et al. Best practice updates for pediatric/adolescent weight loss surgery. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2009;17(5):901–910
  13. Sahoo, K., Sahoo, B., Choudhury, A. K., Sofi, N. Y., Kumar, R., & Bhadoria, A. S. (2015). Childhood obesity: causes and consequences. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care, 4(2), 187–192. http://doi.org/10.4103/2249-4863.154628
  14. Schwimmer JB, Burwinkle TM, Varni JW. Health-related quality of life of severely obese children and adolescents. JAMA. 2003; 289:1813–9. [PubMed]
  15. Van Allen J, Kuhl ES, Filigno SS, Clifford LM, Connor JM, Stark LJ. Changes in parent motivation predicts changes in body mass index z-score (zBMI) and dietary intake among preschoolers enrolled in a family-based obesity intervention. J Pediatr Psychol. 2014;39(9):1028–1037.

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Child Obesity and Its Effects on Population Health. (2021, January 25). GradesFixer. Retrieved May 13, 2021, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/research-child-obesity-and-its-effects-on-population-health/
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