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HTML is the standard markup language for creating web pages. Somethings an HTML can do is that it stands for hypertext markup language, describes the structure of web pages using markup, elements are the building block of HTML pages, and elements are represented by tags. Default characteristics for every item of HTML markup are in the browser, and these characteristics can be altered or enhanced by the web page designer’s additional use of CSS.
The development of HTML happened in 1980 by physicist Tim Berners Lee a contractor at CERN. He wrote a memo proposing an internet-based hyper type system. Berners Lee specified HTML and wrote the browser and server software in late 1990. The first publicly available description of HTML was a document called “HTML Tags”, first mentioned on the Internet by Tim Berners-Lee in late 1991. It describes 18 elements comprising the initial, the relatively simple design of HTML. Except for the hyperlink tag, these were strongly influenced by SGMLguide, an in-house Standard Generalized Markup Language-based documentation format at CERN. Eleven of these elements still exist in HTML 4.
Many of the text elements are found in the 1988 ISO technical report TR 9537 Techniques for using SGML, which in turn covers the features of early text formatting languages such as that used by the RUNOFF command developed in the early 1960s for the CTSS operating system
Berners-Lee considered HTML to be an application of SGML. It was formally defined as such by the Internet Engineering Task Force with the mid-1993 publication of the first proposal for an HTML specification, the “Hypertext Markup Language Internet Draft by Berners-Lee and Dan Connolly, which included an SGML Document type definition to define the grammar.
HTML markup consists of several key components, including those called tags (and their attributes), character-based data types, character references and entity references. HTML tags most commonly come in pairs like and.The first tag in a pair is the start tag, and the second is the end tag
Tags may also enclose further tags markup between and start and end, including a mixture of tags and text. The start tag may also include attributes within the tag. These indicate other information, such as identifiers for sections within the document, identifiers used to bind style information to the presentation of the document, and for some tags such as the used to embed images, the reference to the image resource.
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