Similarities Between "1984" and Society Today

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 609 |

Page: 1|

4 min read

Published: Mar 20, 2024

Words: 609|Page: 1|4 min read

Published: Mar 20, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Surveillance
  2. Propaganda
  3. Manipulation of Truth
  4. Conclusion

The novel's themes of surveillance, propaganda, and the manipulation of truth have striking parallels to certain aspects of modern society. In this essay, we will examine the similarities between "1984" and society today, focusing on surveillance, propaganda, and the manipulation of truth.

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One of the most prominent similarities between "1984" and society today is the prevalence of surveillance. In the novel, the government uses telescreens and hidden microphones to monitor its citizens' every move, creating a pervasive atmosphere of fear and paranoia. Similarly, modern society is marked by widespread surveillance through technologies such as CCTV cameras, facial recognition software, and internet tracking. According to a report by Comparitech, the average person is caught on camera 238 times each week in London, a figure that has only increased in recent years.

Furthermore, the revelations of Edward Snowden in 2013 exposed the extent of government surveillance programs such as PRISM, which collected data from major tech companies including Google, Facebook, and Apple. This level of surveillance has raised concerns about privacy and civil liberties, echoing the themes of "1984" and the government's intrusion into the private lives of its citizens. The parallels between the novel and modern society are evident, as both are characterized by the omnipresence of surveillance and its implications for individual freedom.


Another similarity between "1984" and society today is the use of propaganda to control public opinion. In the novel, the government employs the Ministry of Truth to disseminate false information and manipulate historical records, effectively rewriting the past to align with its agenda. Similarly, modern society is inundated with propaganda through various forms of media, including social media, news outlets, and political campaigns.

A study by the Pew Research Center found that 68% of Americans feel that the news media has a "big impact" on the country, highlighting the influence of media in shaping public opinion. Moreover, the rise of disinformation and fake news has further blurred the line between truth and falsehood, contributing to a climate of uncertainty and distrust. The parallels to "1984" are clear, as both the novel and society today grapple with the manipulation of information and the impact of propaganda on public perception.

Manipulation of Truth

Finally, "1984" and society today share a common theme of the manipulation of truth by those in power. In the novel, the government controls reality by altering historical records and suppressing dissent, creating a distorted version of the truth that serves its interests. Similarly, modern society has witnessed the erosion of trust in institutions and the proliferation of "alternative facts" that challenge the very notion of objective truth.

A survey by the American Press Institute revealed that only 12% of Americans have a "great deal" of confidence in the news media, reflecting a widespread skepticism towards official narratives and information sources. Additionally, the concept of "post-truth" politics, in which emotions and personal beliefs hold more sway than objective facts, has become increasingly prevalent in contemporary political discourse. These developments mirror the themes of "1984" and the government's ability to manipulate reality, presenting a distorted version of the truth to maintain power and control.

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In conclusion, the parallels between "1984" and society today are evident in the prevalence of surveillance, propaganda, and the manipulation of truth. Both the novel and modern society grapple with the implications of these themes, raising important questions about individual freedom, the role of media, and the nature of truth itself. By examining these similarities, we can gain a deeper understanding of the dynamics at play in our own society and the enduring relevance of Orwell's cautionary tale.

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This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

Cite this Essay

Similarities Between “1984” and Society Today. (2024, March 20). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 15, 2024, from
“Similarities Between “1984” and Society Today.” GradesFixer, 20 Mar. 2024,
Similarities Between “1984” and Society Today. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 15 Jul. 2024].
Similarities Between “1984” and Society Today [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Mar 20 [cited 2024 Jul 15]. Available from:
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