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In the age of urbanization renaissance that witnesses in the world in different fields of science, economics and labor market, education emerges as among the most important source of this global development. Therefore, around the world, governments are focusing on this sector with the required improvement in the curricula and the most important schools. In the nationwide, a debate still ongoing about whether the single-sex or mixed gender schools are better for the students. Proponents of single-gender schools argue that these schools are better for the academic achievements of both genders, while opponents of segregation between gender argue that co-education is better for social schools’ development. This essay will argue single-sex education should take into significant consideration for both boys and girls to attend due to the benefits they gain from it such as academic performance, as well as a better learning and safer environment.
First and foremost, opponents of single-sex schools argue that these schools do not create a better educational environment for the girls that enhance their academic achievements in mathematics, sciences, and technology; however, this is incorrect. The reason is that in the absence of the opposite gender in class, limits the influence of adolescent culture, which increases the participation of females in science and math and eventually their confidence and their abilities in these subjects. A study shows that for each general mathematical test and science tests, girls attending single-sex schools show a significant performance level compared to their counterpart in mixed schools. For instance, young ladies in single-sex schools in Victoria will more likely to take STEM subjects than young ladies in co-schools. Young ladies at single-sex schools were 79 percent more potentially to think about science, 85 percent more possible to think about advanced mathematics than young ladies in co-ed schools, 47 percent more to contemplate to choose physics, and 68 percent to think about intermediate mathematics. Regarding technology, an evidence shows the same result where girls performance in electronic devices was comparable compared to the co-education learning environment.
Another point that the advocates of mixed-schools raised are that boys do not make progress in the single-sex schools but equally unfound that belief is valid. As mention above, girls make progress in the absence of the opposite gender, this applies to boys as well. Indeed, because boys in single-sex schools’ do not distract from girls, they are more able to focus on the academic work and thus contribute to their better academic achievement. The study found that males, who attend one gender schools, show a significantly higher level of achievement in math and science as well as the other subjects. For instance, the effect volumes of math were about 7-9 percent of one standard deviation and science effects was 10 percent.
Furthermore, the strongest reason that girls’ and boys’ in separations schools is better for them is that teachers feel more confident in single-sex schools’ environment. Teachers found that the single-sex school provides a better environmental learning because they have a supportive opportunity that they can use a verity of strategies and techniques that suit both genders separately. According to research shows that it was evident that single-sex classroom creates situations that teachers could inclusive orientation in STEM subjects’ instructional procedures more promptly and successfully than in mixed-gender. Additionally, it enables educators to address a portion of the clear deficiencies of the ex-ante instructional. For instance, according to survey carried out by Spielhagen (2011), a majority of teachers who made the survey (87 percent) agreed that girls and boys operate information differently and that single-gender schools allow them to address the specific needs of each group. Furthermore, 94 percent agreed that of the teachers in agreed that the single-sex should be continuous as option compared to 52 percent did not agree. Finally, despite that mixture school notably contribute in term of developing a typical social skills level, it drastically increases the chances of violence compared to its counterpart single-sex. Violence in schools defined as a practice of harm whether it is psychological or physical against the other person, oneself, or even against a group of students. There are numerous reasons for causing violence in schools such as a football game or even falling in love (mixture schools). Violence considers one of the major effects that reduce the academic outcomes or even drop out of schools particularly for girls. The study conduct in Jamaica found that since the co-education has been established the violence activities raise against girls who exposure to harassment or verbal abuse. It is worth to point that 85 percent of girls’ exposure to violence 20 percent raped.
In conclusion, substantial researches and academic papers established whether single-sex schools or amalgamate schools are better for students’ achievement. Further to that, it is important that parents to consider the different facts that are related to these two sectors before deciding where to send their children. However, according to what aforementioned above, appear that proponents of single-sex schools have a strongest argument in relation to the academic performance in particularly in STEM subjects for girls, While the proponents of co-education schooling have co-opted the debate in term of providing a better environment that helps both genders to communicate with each other that increase their social skills. Notwithstanding, it believes that single-sex schools are remarkably more supportive than co-education as it provides from better opportunities for learning especially for both genders and lower violent environment compared to the mixed schools.
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