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Online pharmacies can be classified basically as –
Here are we listed some benefits of online pharmacy.
Risks and concerns:
Other concerns include potential lack of confidentiality, improper packaging, inability to check for drug interactions, and several other issues.
Legality and risks of purchasing drugs online depend on the specific kind and amount of drug being purchased. The FDA believes that many selling illegal pharmaceutical products without prescriptions are controlled by organized criminal networks. In 2014, The U.S. FDA, in partnership with other federal and international agencies and technology companies like Google, took action against websites, some based in India, that were selling drugs to U.S. consumers. Mail Order pharmacies are regulated by the federal laws of the US and hundreds of them operate legally in the US. ICANN and U.S. regulatory authorities are also engaged in hot debate about blocking and seizing of illegal online pharmacies websites that ICANN is not very much interested in doing these days.
It is illegal to purchase controlled substances from an overseas pharmacy. A person purchasing a controlled substance from such a pharmacy may be violating several federal laws that carry stiff penalties.
Online pharmacies in India have significantly increased due to growing E-commerce in India and little regulation of the industry.
There is “no regulatory control over drug advertisements on television or the Internet”. Technology can help in meeting the healthcare objective of India. Indian government is planning to spend Rs 500 crore on computer literacy project for 50 lakh people over a period of 3 years. This would help Indian citizens to access government services in the fields of e-education, e-health and e-governance. Healthcare providers in India are also expected to spend $1.1 billion on IT products and services in 2014.
The generic top-level domain (GTLD) .pharmacy was launched by the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP) in 2014 “to provide consumers around the world a means for identifying safe, legal, and ethical online pharmacies and related resources”. A review by the NABP of more than 10,800 websites selling prescription drugs “found that nearly 97% do not follow pharmacy laws and standards established to protect the public health”.
The impartiality of the domain has been questioned, because Eli Lilly and Company, Merck & Co., and Pfizer are the main contributors to the NABP application. Previously, that application was challenged by Public Citizen, Knowledge Ecology International, and the Canadian International Pharmacy Association.
There is no specific law to deal with online pharmacies in India but multiple laws govern online pharmacies in an indirect manner. The Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940, and the Drugs and Cosmetics Rules, 1945, have guidelines on the sale of Schedule H and Schedule X drugs. These can be sold only on prescription and there are specific rules, including for labeling and bar coding .Online pharmacy is boon but when; if regulatory authorities control, track, and monitor sell drug sell via internet. It promote self-medication, drug abuse, drug addiction, drug resistance.
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