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Story of Gandhi

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Words: 772 |

Pages: 2|

4 min read

Published: Mar 1, 2019

Words: 772|Pages: 2|4 min read

Published: Mar 1, 2019

Table of contents

  1. Early years
  2. Gandhi in South Africa and Indian Independence
  3. Gandhi and the Partition of India

Early years

Mahatma Gandhi was a prominent Indian political bellwether who campaigned for Indian independence. He employed non-belligerent principles and placid insubordination. He was assassinated in 1948, shortly after achieving his life goal of Indian independence. In India, he is kenned as ‘Father of the Nation’.

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Mohandas K. Gandhi was born in 1869, in Porbandar, India. Mohandas emanated from the convivial cast of tradesmen. His mother was unlettered, but her prevalent sense and religious devotion had a lasting impact on Gandhi’s character. As a youngster, Mohandas was a good student, but the shy adolescent boy exhibited no designations of leadership.

On the death of his father, Mohandas travelled to England to gain a degree in law. He became involved with the Vegetarian Society and was once asked to translate the Hindu Bhagavad Gita. This classic of Hindu literature aroused in Gandhi a sense of pride in the Indian scriptures, of which the Gita was the pearl. Around this time, he withal studied the Bible and was struck by the edifications of Jesus Christ – especially the accentuation on humility and forgiveness. He remained committed to the Bible and Bhagavad Gita throughout his life, though he was critical of aspects of both religions.

Gandhi in South Africa and Indian Independence

On consummating his degree in Law, Gandhi returned to India, where he was anon sent to South Africa to practise law. In South Africa, Gandhi was struck by the caliber of racial discrimination and iniquity often experienced by Indians. It was in South Africa that Gandhi first experimented with campaigns of civil incompliance and protest; he called his non-truculent protests satyagraha. Despite being confined for short periods of time, he additionally fortified the British under certain conditions. He was embellished by the British for his efforts during the Boer War and Zulu revolt.

After 21 years in South Africa, Gandhi returned to India in 1915. He became the bellwether of the Indian nationalist kineticism campaigning for home rule or Swaraj. gandhiGandhi prosperously instigated a series of non-belligerent protest. This included national strikes for one or two days. The British sought to veto opposition, but the nature of non-truculent protest and strikes made it arduous to contravene.

Gandhi withal emboldened his adherents to practise inner discipline to get yare for independence. Gandhi verbalized the Indians had to prove they were deserving of independence. This is in contrast to independence bellwethers such as Aurobindo Ghose, who argued that Indian independence was not about whether India would offer better or worse regime, but that it was the right for India to have self-regime.

Gandhi additionally clashed with others in the Indian independence kineticism such as Subhas Chandra Bose who advocated direct action to overthrow the British. Gandhi frequently called off strikes and non-bellicose protest if he auricularly discerned people were rioting or violence was involved. In 1930, Gandhi led a famous march to the sea in protest at the incipient Salt Acts. In the sea, they made their own salt, in contravention of British regulations. Many hundreds were apprehended and Indian jails were plenary of Indian independence adherents.

However, whilst the campaign was at its peak some Indian protesters killed some British civilians, and as a result, Gandhi called off the independence kineticism saying that India was not yare. This broke the heart of many Indians committed to independence. It led to radicals like Bhagat Singh carrying on the campaign for independence, which was categorically vigorous in Bengal.

Gandhi and the Partition of India

After the war, Britain denoted that they would give India independence. However, with the fortification of the Muslims led by Jinnah, the British orchestrated to partition India into two: India and Pakistan. Ideologically Gandhi was opposed to partition. He worked vigorously to show that Muslims and Hindus could live together tranquilly. At his prayer meetings, Muslim prayers were read out alongside Hindu and Christian prayers. However, Gandhi acceded to the partition and spent the day of Independence in prayer mourning the partition. Even Gandhi’s fasts and appeals were deficient to obviate the wave of sectarian violence and killing that followed the partition.

Away from the politics of Indian independence, Gandhi was vituperative of the Hindu Caste system. In particular, he inveighed against the ‘untouchable’ caste, who were treated abysmally by society. He launched many campaigns to transmute the status of impalpables. Albeit his campaigns were met with much resistance, they did go a long way to transmuting century-old prejudices.

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At the age of 78, Gandhi undertook another expeditious to endeavor and obviate the sectarian killing. After 5 days, the bellwethers acceded to stop killing. But ten days later Gandhi was shot dead by a Hindu Brahmin opposed to Gandhi’s support for Muslims and the impalpables.

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Cite this Essay

Story of Gandhi. (2019, February 27). GradesFixer. Retrieved February 21, 2024, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/story-of-ganhi/
“Story of Gandhi.” GradesFixer, 27 Feb. 2019, gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/story-of-ganhi/
Story of Gandhi. [online]. Available at: <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/story-of-ganhi/> [Accessed 21 Feb. 2024].
Story of Gandhi [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2019 Feb 27 [cited 2024 Feb 21]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/story-of-ganhi/
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