Strength and Weakness of Okonkwo in "Things Fall Apart"

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About this sample


Words: 618 |

Page: 1|

4 min read

Published: Jun 13, 2024

Words: 618|Page: 1|4 min read

Published: Jun 13, 2024


Chinua Achebe's seminal novel, "Things Fall Apart," paints a vivid portrait of pre-colonial Igbo society and its eventual disruption by European colonizers. Central to this narrative is Okonkwo, a figure whose life is marked by relentless determination to succeed and a fervent adherence to traditional values. However, the question of whether Okonkwo is a weak man is complex and multifaceted. This essay aims to explore the dimensions of Okonkwo's character, evaluating both his strengths and vulnerabilities. By examining his personal motivations, actions, and ultimate downfall, we can better understand the nuanced portrayal of strength and weakness in Achebe's work.

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Okonkwo’s perceived strength is rooted in his profound fear of failure and weakness, traits he associates with his father, Unoka. Unoka was considered a failure by the standards of Igbo society—he was poor, in debt, and lacked titles. Determined to distance himself from his father's legacy, Okonkwo adopts a hyper-masculine persona characterized by aggression, stoicism, and an unwavering commitment to hard work. His achievements, including his wrestling prowess, his wealth, and his high status within the community, are indicative of his personal fortitude and societal standing. Okonkwo’s resilience and determination are emblematic of traditional Igbo values, which celebrate strength, success, and the ability to provide for one’s family.

Nonetheless, Okonkwo’s obsession with strength also reveals significant weaknesses. His rigid adherence to traditional notions of masculinity prevents him from displaying any form of vulnerability or emotion, leading to strained relationships with his family and community. For instance, his harsh treatment of his son Nwoye, whom he perceives as weak and effeminate, ultimately drives Nwoye away and into the arms of the Christian missionaries. Okonkwo's inability to adapt or show compassion underscores a deep-seated insecurity about his own identity and place in society. This rigidity is not a sign of true strength but rather a brittle façade that cracks under pressure.

Okonkwo’s downfall further illustrates the paradox of his strength and weakness. When the colonial forces impose their rule and disrupt the traditional Igbo way of life, Okonkwo’s inflexibility becomes a liability. His refusal to accept the changing reality leads him to take drastic actions, such as the killing of a colonial messenger, which ultimately alienates him from his community. Okonkwo’s final act of suicide is a poignant testament to his inner turmoil and despair. In Igbo culture, suicide is considered an abomination, and thus, Okonkwo’s death is not only a personal failure but also a profound dishonor to his community and ancestors. This act can be interpreted as the ultimate manifestation of his weakness—an inability to reconcile his ideals with the changing world around him.

However, it is important to contextualize Okonkwo’s actions within the broader framework of colonialism and cultural upheaval. The arrival of the Europeans and the subsequent erosion of Igbo traditions pose existential threats to Okonkwo and his way of life. His resistance to change, while ultimately self-destructive, can also be seen as a form of defiance against colonial domination. In this light, Okonkwo’s actions may be interpreted as a tragic but valiant attempt to preserve his cultural identity and autonomy in the face of overwhelming external forces.


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In conclusion, Okonkwo is a complex character whose strengths and weaknesses are intricately intertwined. His determination, hard work, and adherence to traditional values reflect significant personal and societal strengths. However, his inability to adapt, show vulnerability, and navigate the changing socio-political landscape highlight profound weaknesses. Okonkwo’s story is a poignant exploration of the human condition, illustrating how the very traits that define our strength can also contribute to our downfall. Achebe's "Things Fall Apart" thus offers a nuanced portrayal of Okonkwo, challenging simplistic definitions of strength and weakness and inviting readers to reflect on the broader implications of cultural change and individual agency.

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This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

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Strength and Weakness of Okonkwo in “Things Fall Apart”. (2024, Jun 14). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 15, 2024, from
“Strength and Weakness of Okonkwo in “Things Fall Apart”.” GradesFixer, 14 Jun. 2024,
Strength and Weakness of Okonkwo in “Things Fall Apart”. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 15 Jul. 2024].
Strength and Weakness of Okonkwo in “Things Fall Apart” [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Jun 14 [cited 2024 Jul 15]. Available from:
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