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According to recognition and rewards are the primary focuses of the individuals who are working in teams. Perceptive managers know and constantly capture the benefits of the team. Teams show the collective strength of the individuals and boost the motivation and morale of individual as well. Managers critically observe the team members hidden working potential otherwise managers may lose them. According to (Stan forth, 2000) teamwork is the collective way of working which result in potential benefits and greater synergy. Managers must plan and design an appropriate reward system for the employee and encourage their participation in team projects. They must also set the group goals which are connected towards the company strategic plan, building of employee performance and fair payment methods. After implementation of above captioned concern, managers are able to establish their teams.
Periodically monitoring the team work activities in order to check its effectiveness should be the primary focus of every business strategy (Mussel white, 2001). Researcher further suggested that team work is a fragile process which needs to be handling carefully in a supportive organizational environment. Anderson & West (2002) argue that effective organizational environment is one in which employee communicate, participate and work in trustable atmosphere. According to Herzberg (1987) reward and recognition can provide both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Herzberg (1968) reported that extrinsic rewards are the main factor to provide employee movement in positive manner. According to recognition and rewards improves employee performance. Esprit de corps is the key for success in the organization. Another researcher considers esprit de corps as a valuable asset for team members as well as an organization (Homburg, Workman & Jensen, 2002). One research study find out the positive correlation exist between esprit de corps and employee job satisfaction level. Researcher further suggested that increase in team spirit will result in better employee performance. On the other hand, research study was conducted in Korean hospitals which indicate that esprit de corps has been negatively recognized by physicians (Hwang & Chang, 2009).
In Pakistan the concept of esprit de corps is not much popular. Most of the employees pursue their individual tasks rather than group. Trust among the team members comes when member of the teams develop the confidence in each other competence. One research study concluded that trust among the team members develop the unique skills and coordination of individuals. According to and Rodger (2000) there is positive relationship between the team performance and trust. Trust generates the behavioral basis of teamwork, which results in organizational synergy and better performance of an employee. Development of trust within the organization is the responsibility of individuals. Creation of conducive and the trustable environment for synergetic teamwork is the responsibility of organization. Organization should transform the trustworthy behavior for measurement into performance appraisal system to promote the organizational values. According to and Neck (2002) high performance teams within the organization exist when there is cooperation and unity exists between members. Reducing mistakes, quality out puts, increased in productivity and customer satisfaction are the variety of criteria through which the performance of the team is evaluated (Rodger, 2000).
Cooperation of the team members can only be created when the trust comes to be most important value of the team culture. Trust provides an atmosphere for the team members where members can discuss their mistakes, accept criticism and freely express their feelings so this leads to more synergy (Edmondson, 1999). This research study was based on quantitative research technique. The study was conducted to investigate the effect of teamwork on employee performance. The data was collected from Directorate of Higher Education (DHE), Peshawar, including. During the research study, researcher’s interference was minimal, unit of analysis was individual and type of study was cross sectional. Questionnaires were distributed among the employees and their views had been taken. In this study collected data was uploaded on computer in SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) version 16.0 software and normality of data was calculated. When the data was transformed and got normal, then different statistical tests were applied, on the data for analysis. Through those statistical analysis, correlation and regression of teamwork and employee performance has been measured. In order to analyze the two variables: employee teamwork and employee performance, firstly descriptive analysis were measured and then correlation and regression was calculated between D.V employee performance and I.V employee teamwork, esprit de corps, team trust and recognition and rewards.
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