The basic qualities of the musical sound: Pitch and Duration: [Essay Example], 627 words GradesFixer
exit-popup-close

Haven't found the right essay?

Get an expert to write you the one you need!

exit-popup-print

Professional writers and researchers

exit-popup-quotes

Sources and citation are provided

exit-popup-clock

3 hour delivery

exit-popup-persone
close
This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers.

The Basic Qualities of the Musical Sound: Pitch and Duration

  • Category: Science
  • Subcategory: Physics
  • Topic: Sound
  • Page: 1
  • Words: 627
  • Published: 17 December 2018
  • Downloads: 26
Download Print

Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you.

Any subject. Any type of essay.

We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.

Get your price

121 writers online

The Basic Qualities of the Musical Sound:  Pitch and Duration essay
Download PDF

There is a basic difference in the character between the Indian Music and the Western Music. The Indian Music is basically an individualistic music in which a musician enjoys a great deal of freedom to express his own individual talents, which are improvisations. In Western Music, the compositions are based on harmony, in which the music is composed and written down in advance for the group of musicians.

What are the characteristics of a musical sound?

The musical sounds differ in various ways. The basic qualities of the musical sound are:

  1. Pitch is the relative height (highness) or depth (lowness) of the musical sound.
  2. Duration is the specific length of time of the musical sound.
  3. Intensity relates to the volume of loudness of the musical sound.
  4. Accent is the stress or emphasis on certain notes or beats present in the musical composition.
  5. Timbre is the characteristic tone of the musical sound which relates to the tonal quality or the tone colour of the musical sound.

We will see Pitch and Duration in this Lesson in detail.

Pitch

As described earlier, the Pitch of the musical sound is the height or depth of the musical sound. The pitch depends upon the rapidity if the vibrations.

A sound is invariably generated by the vibrations of an elastic body such as a stretched string in stringed musical instruments like a Guitar or Sitar or an enclosed column of air in wind instruments like an Oboe or a Flute.

A simple vibration is characterized by its frequency (i.e. the number of vibrations per second) and its amplitude (i.e. the extent of its vibration as in the back and forth movement of a plucked string). These characteristics are directly related to the two basic properties of the resulting sound viz. its pitch and its intensity. The greater the frequency, the higher the pitch and the greater the amplitude (size), the louder the sound.

Each pitch is determined by a definite number of vibrations per second. At present, Great Britain and most European nations and many countries in the world (including India), have adopted the United States standard which assigns 440 vibrations per second to A (The tone A above middle C). The oldest musical instrument “Pianoforte” (often called simply “Piano”) has a wide range of pitch. The tones of the piano, range from about 30 to about 4000 cycles (vibrations per second).

Duration

It is simply the length of time a musical sound lasts. In Western musical notation system, the sounds of different lengths are shown by certain graphical symbols of different shapes. These written symbols of musical sounds are called the Notes.

The duration of the musical sounds is counted in beats. The beat is the basic unit of time value of the musical sound in the musical composition. When we clap the beat, the hand moves “down” and “up” and the beat can be simply divided in two parts. The beat is also called as count. Primarily the beat has two parts ON and OFF.

While clapping you can count the two parts as

One & Two & Three & Four & …. Here the “&” represents the Off means the second half or the second part of the beat.

The Rhythm may be broadly defined as everything pertaining to the duration quality of the musical sound. Normally the rhythm is metrical. Its values are multiples or divisions of unit, the beat. The rhythm, in more specific sense of the word, denotes the innumerable patterns and various combinations of notes, formed within the basic metric framework, by various arrangements of smaller and larger note values. In music selected tones are arranged in different ways. A melody may contain tone s of different time values. One note may be sounding for one or two or three or four beats and there may be two or more notes in One beat.

infoRemember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

100% plagiarism-free

Sources and citations are provided

Find Free Essays

We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling

Cite this Essay

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

The basic qualities of the musical sound: Pitch and Duration. (2018, December 17). GradesFixer. Retrieved February 27, 2021, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-basic-qualities-of-the-musical-sound-pitch-and-duration/
“The basic qualities of the musical sound: Pitch and Duration.” GradesFixer, 17 Dec. 2018, gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-basic-qualities-of-the-musical-sound-pitch-and-duration/
The basic qualities of the musical sound: Pitch and Duration. [online]. Available at: <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-basic-qualities-of-the-musical-sound-pitch-and-duration/> [Accessed 27 Feb. 2021].
The basic qualities of the musical sound: Pitch and Duration [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2018 Dec 17 [cited 2021 Feb 27]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-basic-qualities-of-the-musical-sound-pitch-and-duration/
copy to clipboard
close

Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you.

    By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. We will occasionally send you account related emails.

    close

    Attention! this essay is not unique. You can get 100% plagiarism FREE essay in 30sec

    Recieve 100% plagiarism-Free paper just for 4.99$ on email
    get unique paper
    *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content
    download public sample
    close

    Sorry, we cannot unicalize this essay. You can order Unique paper and our professionals Rewrite it for you

    close

    Thanks!

    Your essay sample has been sent.

    Want us to write one just for you? We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay.

    thanks-icon Order now
    boy

    Hi there!

    Are you interested in getting a customized paper?

    Check it out!
    Having trouble finding the perfect essay? We’ve got you covered. Hire a writer

    GradesFixer.com uses cookies. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy.