The Causes of Ocean Pollution and The Need for Humans to Save Marine Life

About this sample

About this sample


Words: 1259 |

Pages: 2|

7 min read

Published: Sep 14, 2018

Words: 1259|Pages: 2|7 min read

Published: Sep 14, 2018

Table of contents

  1. Understanding the Importance of Ocean Protection
  2. Addressing Pollution and Plastic Waste
  3. Sustainable Fishing and Marine Conservation
  4. Combating Climate Change and Acidification
  5. Conclusion
  6. References

The world's oceans, covering over 70% of our planet's surface, are not only a source of immense natural beauty but also a vital component of the Earth's life support system. They regulate our climate, provide sustenance for billions of people, and host an array of biodiversity unparalleled anywhere on Earth. However, the oceans are facing an unprecedented threat due to pollution, overfishing, habitat destruction, and climate change. In this essay, we will explore how to protect the ocean and outline concrete steps individuals, communities, and nations can take to ensure the health and vitality of our oceans for generations to come.

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Understanding the Importance of Ocean Protection

To effectively protect the ocean, we must first understand why it is so crucial to our planet's well-being. The oceans are often referred to as the Earth's lungs, producing a significant portion of the oxygen we breathe. They also play a pivotal role in regulating our climate by absorbing and storing vast amounts of carbon dioxide. Moreover, oceans are a source of livelihood for countless people around the world, particularly in coastal communities that rely on fishing and tourism.

The ocean's biodiversity is another reason for its critical importance. It is home to a myriad of species, many of which are still undiscovered. These species contribute to medical research, provide food, and help maintain the delicate balance of marine ecosystems. The loss of biodiversity through habitat destruction, overfishing, and pollution not only threatens the ocean's health but also jeopardizes our own well-being.

Addressing Pollution and Plastic Waste

One of the most pressing issues threatening our oceans is pollution, particularly plastic pollution. Every year, millions of tons of plastic find their way into the ocean, harming marine life, ecosystems, and even human health. To protect the ocean, we must reduce plastic waste at its source and clean up existing pollution.

First and foremost, individuals can make a significant impact by reducing their plastic consumption. Simple actions like using reusable bags, bottles, and containers can drastically cut down on plastic waste. Furthermore, supporting policies and businesses that prioritize eco-friendly packaging and practices is essential.

Community efforts, such as beach clean-ups and river clean-ups, can also contribute to reducing plastic pollution. These events raise awareness about the issue and directly remove harmful debris from the environment.

Governments and industries must play a role in addressing plastic pollution as well. Implementing and enforcing regulations to reduce single-use plastics, incentivizing recycling, and promoting the development of biodegradable materials are critical steps toward ocean protection.

So, in the battle against ocean pollution, particularly plastic pollution, a multitude of actions can be taken. Here is a comprehensive list of steps and strategies that individuals, communities, governments, and industries can implement to protect the ocean:

  1. Reduce Single-Use Plastics: Minimize the use of single-use plastic items like bags, bottles, and straws by opting for reusable alternatives.
  2. Recycling Education: Promote education and awareness programs about proper recycling practices, including the separation and disposal of recyclable materials.
  3. Eco-Friendly Packaging: Support businesses that use eco-friendly packaging materials, such as biodegradable or compostable options.
  4. Plastic Cleanup Initiatives: Participate in or organize local beach clean-up events and river clean-up campaigns to remove plastic waste from the environment.
  5. Plastic-Free Purchasing: Choose products with minimal or no plastic packaging and encourage businesses to reduce excessive packaging.
  6. Community Awareness: Raise awareness within your community about the consequences of plastic pollution through workshops, seminars, and educational campaigns.
  7. Lobby for Policy Changes: Advocate for stricter regulations on plastic production, use, and disposal at the local, national, and international levels.
  8. Support Recycling Facilities: Encourage the development and accessibility of recycling facilities in your area.
  9. Adopt a Zero-Waste Lifestyle: Strive to reduce waste by composting organic materials, recycling, and making mindful consumption choices.
  10. Promote Eco-Friendly Products: Choose and promote products made from sustainable materials and that are designed for longevity and reusability.
  11. Boycott Microbeads: Avoid personal care products containing microbeads, which are tiny plastic particles that often end up in the ocean.
  12. Responsible Disposal: Ensure that your waste is properly disposed of in designated waste disposal facilities to prevent it from ending up in the ocean.
  13. Support Clean Technologies: Advocate for and support research and development of technologies to clean up plastic waste from the ocean.
  14. Engage in Ocean Cleanup Organizations: Contribute your time, resources, or donations to organizations focused on removing plastic waste from the ocean.
  15. Educational Programs: Encourage schools and educational institutions to incorporate environmental education programs that teach students about the impacts of plastic pollution.

Sustainable Fishing and Marine Conservation

Overfishing is another significant threat to the health of our oceans. Many fish stocks are already overexploited, leading to declining populations and the collapse of ecosystems. To protect the ocean, we must transition to sustainable fishing practices and establish marine conservation areas.

Sustainable fishing practices include setting catch limits, reducing bycatch (unintended capture of non-target species), and protecting breeding grounds. Certification programs like the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) help consumers make informed choices by identifying sustainably sourced seafood products.

Marine conservation areas, such as marine protected areas (MPAs), are essential for preserving biodiversity and rebuilding fish populations. These designated zones restrict or prohibit fishing and other activities to allow ecosystems to recover and thrive.

Furthermore, supporting responsible aquaculture practices can help reduce the pressure on wild fish populations. Sustainable seafood farming methods that minimize environmental impacts and prioritize animal welfare are crucial for ocean protection.

Combating Climate Change and Acidification

Climate change poses a severe threat to the ocean. Rising temperatures cause coral bleaching, the melting of polar ice caps, and shifts in marine ecosystems. Additionally, increased levels of carbon dioxide are being absorbed by the ocean, leading to ocean acidification, which can harm marine life with calcium carbonate shells or skeletons, such as corals, mollusks, and some plankton species.

To protect the ocean from the impacts of climate change and acidification, we must reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This requires transitioning to renewable energy sources, improving energy efficiency, and supporting international agreements like the Paris Agreement.

Conserving and restoring coastal ecosystems, such as mangroves, seagrasses, and salt marshes, can also help mitigate the effects of climate change. These ecosystems sequester carbon, buffer coastlines from storms, and provide critical habitats for many species.


In conclusion, protecting the ocean is an urgent and complex challenge that requires concerted efforts at the individual, community, and global levels. Understanding the ocean's importance, addressing pollution and plastic waste, promoting sustainable fishing and marine conservation, and combating climate change and acidification are all crucial steps in safeguarding this vital resource.

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The health of our oceans is intrinsically linked to the health of our planet and the well-being of future generations. By taking proactive measures to protect the ocean, we not only ensure the survival of countless marine species but also secure a sustainable future for ourselves and the generations to come. It is our shared responsibility to act now and be stewards of the ocean, for in protecting it, we protect life itself.


  1. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). (2019). Special report on the ocean and cryosphere in a changing climate. IPCC.
  2. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). (n.d.). Why is the ocean important? NOAA National Ocean Service.
  3. Jambeck, J. R., et al. (2015). Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean. Science, 347(6223), 768-771. doi:10.1126/science.1260352
  4. Marine Stewardship Council (MSC). (n.d.). About the MSC.
  5. United Nations. (2015). Transforming our world: The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. United Nations.
  6. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). (n.d.). Marine protected areas. NOAA National Ocean Service.
  7. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). (n.d.). Ocean acidification. NOAA Climate Program Office.
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The Causes of Ocean Pollution and the Need for Humans to Save Marine Life. (2018, September 17). GradesFixer. Retrieved May 20, 2024, from
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