The Community Development Programme: [Essay Example], 888 words GradesFixer

Haven't found the right essay?

Get an expert to write your essay!


Professional writers and researchers


Sources and citation are provided


3 hour delivery

This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers.

The Community Development Programme

Download Print

Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you.

Any subject. Any type of essay.

We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.

Get your price

121 writers online

Download PDF

The Community

The term community is a group of people, who live in a geographical area and have an interest in each other for the purpose of making a living.

“A community, while in it consisting of several parts, is also a part of a larger social system. It is a dynamic social unit which is subject to change of internal or external origin”.


The development connotes growth or maturation. It implies gradual and sequential phases of change. According to MacIver “Development” to signify an upward course in a process “that is, of increasing differentiation.

Analysing the term- Community Development

Community development is a continuous process of social action by which the people of a community:

  • Define their common and group needs;
  • Organize themselves formally and informally for democratic planning and action;
  • Make group and individual plans to meet their needs and solve their problems;
  • Execute their plans with maximum reliance upon their own resources;
  • Supplement their resources from outside the community, when necessary with services and material.

According to Carl Tylor, “community development is a method by which people in villages are involved in helping to improve their own economic and social conditions and thereby they became effective working groups in the programme of their national development”. This carries the assumption that people became dynamic if they are permitted to make their own decisions end are helped to carry on the programme.

Community Development Programme

The community development programme was started in India, just after independence (1952). It was a multi project programme with the aim of an overall development of rural people. This programme consisted of agriculture, animal husbandry, irrigation, cooperation, public wealth, education, social education, communication, village industries etc. There are officials for each activity at district level to plan execute and evaluate the programme up to the village level.

Essential Elements of Community Development

The Successful Community Development program stresses the following basic elements:

  • Activities undertaken must correspond to the basic needs of the community. The first projects should be initiated in response to the expressed needs of people.
  • There should be concerted action and the establishment of multi-purpose program.
  • Change in the attitudes of the people is as important as the material achievement through

Community Development during the initial stages of development.

  • Community Development aims at increased and better participation of the people in community affairs, revitalization of existing forms of local government and transition towards effective local administration where it is not yet functioning.
  • The identification, encouragement and training of local leadership should be a basic objective in any program.
  • Greater reliance on the participation of women and youth in community projects invigorates development programs, establishes them on a wide bases and success long-range expansion.
  • To be fully effective, community self-help projects require both internal and external assistance from the government.
  • Implementation of a C.D.P. on a national scale require adoption of consistent policies, specific administrative arrangement, recruitment and training of personnel, mobilization of local and national resources and organization of research, experimentation and evaluation.
  • The resources of the voluntary non-governmental organization should be fully utilized in community development programs at the local, national and international level.
  • Economic and social progress at the local level necessitates parallel development on a wider national level.

Objectives of the community development program

In India, the objective behind the community development program is to develop the resources of the people numbering about 640 millions who form the rural population. The elements of development are:

  1. General: Farm, home, public service and village community.
  2. Specific: To bring improvement in the production of crops and animals, living conditions, health and education of the people.
  3. Elements which need change are: People-men, women and youth.
  4. Change agents: The change agents are:
  • Voluntary local leaders-members of Panchayats, village and Block Advisory Committees etc.
  • Professional community development workers- Village Level Workers, extension officers, block development officers etc.

Philosophy behind Community Development Program

The philosophies on which the Community Development Program should be based are as follows:

  1. ‘Work based on felt needs’: The programme should help the community to solve some of the problems which it fells are existent.
  2. Work based on assumption that people want to be free from poverty and pain: It is assumed that the members of the community want a standard of living that allows them to be free from pain caused due to lack of sufficient, food, lack of sanitary conditions, lack of clothing and shelter.
  3. It is assumed that people wish to have freedom in controlling their own lines and deciding the forms of economic, religious, educational and political institutions, under which they will live.
  4. People’s values given due consideration: It is presumed that cooperation, group-decision, self-initiative, social responsibility, leadership, trust worthiness and ability to work are included in the program.
  5. Self-Help: The people actually plan and work on the solution of their problems themselves of the problems of the community are entirely ameliorated through the efforts of some outside agency, then the development of such things as group decision making, self-initiative, self-reliance leadership etc. will not be forth coming and it cannot be said that the community is developing.
  6. People are the greatest resource: It is by getting the participation of the people in improvement activities that they become developed.
  7. The program involves a charge in attitudes, habits, ways of thinking, relationships among people in the level of knowledge and intellectual advancement of people, changes in their skill practices of agriculture, health etc

Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

100% plagiarism free

Sources and citations are provided

Find Free Essays

We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling

Cite this Essay

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

The Community Development Programme. (2018, November 19). GradesFixer. Retrieved November 30, 2020, from
“The Community Development Programme.” GradesFixer, 19 Nov. 2018,
The Community Development Programme. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 30 Nov. 2020].
The Community Development Programme [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2018 Nov 19 [cited 2020 Nov 30]. Available from:
copy to clipboard

Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you.

    By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. We will occasionally send you account related emails.


    Attention! this essay is not unique. You can get 100% plagiarism FREE essay in 30sec

    Recieve 100% plagiarism-Free paper just for 4.99$ on email
    get unique paper
    *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content
    download public sample

    Sorry, we cannot unicalize this essay. You can order Unique paper and our professionals Rewrite it for you



    Your essay sample has been sent.

    Want us to write one just for you? We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay.

    thanks-icon Order now

    Hi there!

    Are you interested in getting a customized paper?

    Check it out!
    Having trouble finding the perfect essay? We’ve got you covered. Hire a writer uses cookies. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy.