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The Gods Who Loved Odysseus in Homer's Odyssey

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Words: 863 |

Pages: 2|

5 min read

Published: Mar 25, 2024

Words: 863|Pages: 2|5 min read

Published: Mar 25, 2024

In Homer's epic poem, The Odyssey, the gods play a significant role in the life of the protagonist, Odysseus. While some gods pose obstacles and challenges for Odysseus, there are also gods who show him favor and assist him on his journey home. In this essay, we will explore the gods who loved Odysseus and the implications of their support in his quest to return to Ithaca.

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One of the gods who loved Odysseus is Athena, the goddess of wisdom and warfare. Throughout The Odyssey, Athena consistently intervenes on Odysseus' behalf, providing him with guidance, protection, and assistance. For example, she disguises herself as Mentor to advise Telemachus and help him gather support for his father's return. Athena also aids Odysseus in his disguise as a beggar, enabling him to infiltrate his own home unnoticed and ultimately reclaim his kingdom.

In addition to Athena, the goddess Calypso also demonstrates her love for Odysseus. Calypso rescues Odysseus after he is shipwrecked and offers him shelter on her island for seven years. Despite her desire for Odysseus to stay with her as her immortal husband, Calypso eventually releases him at the behest of the gods, recognizing that his destiny lies elsewhere. This act of selflessness and love for Odysseus highlights the complexity of relationships between mortals and immortals in Greek mythology.

Furthermore, the god Hermes plays a crucial role in aiding Odysseus on his journey. Hermes is sent by Zeus to instruct Calypso to release Odysseus and provide him with the means to build a raft and sail away from her island. Hermes' intervention demonstrates the interconnectedness of the divine realm and the impact that gods have on the lives of mortals in Greek mythology.

The love and favor shown to Odysseus by these gods not only facilitate his physical journey back to Ithaca but also provide him with the strength and resilience to overcome the numerous challenges he faces along the way. Their support serves as a testament to Odysseus' character and the importance of divine intervention in the epic narrative.

While some critics may argue that the gods' involvement in Odysseus' journey diminishes the significance of his own agency and perseverance, it is important to consider the cultural and religious context of ancient Greece. In Greek mythology, the gods are omnipotent and play a central role in shaping the lives of mortals. Odysseus' relationship with the gods serves as a reflection of the complex and dynamic interactions between humans and immortals in ancient Greek society.

In conclusion

The gods who loved Odysseus in Homer's Odyssey play a crucial role in shaping his journey and ultimately his destiny. Through their guidance, protection, and assistance, Athena, Calypso, Hermes, and other gods contribute to Odysseus' success in returning home to Ithaca. Their love for Odysseus highlights the enduring themes of loyalty, resilience, and divine intervention that are central to the epic narrative. By examining the gods' relationships with Odysseus, we gain insight into the cultural and religious beliefs of ancient Greece and the enduring relevance of The Odyssey in today's world.

Athena's love for Odysseus is evident throughout The Odyssey, as she consistently aids him in his journey home. For instance, when Odysseus is stranded on the island of Ogygia, Athena appeals to Zeus to intervene and help Odysseus return to Ithaca. This intervention by Athena showcases her unwavering support for Odysseus and her willingness to go to great lengths to ensure his safe passage home. Additionally, Athena's role as the goddess of wisdom is reflected in her strategic guidance to Odysseus, such as when she advises him on how to navigate the challenges posed by the suitors who have taken over his home in his absence.

Calypso's love for Odysseus is also a significant aspect of The Odyssey. Despite her initial desire to keep Odysseus with her on her island forever, Calypso ultimately releases him due to the influence of the gods. This act of sacrifice on Calypso's part demonstrates the depth of her love for Odysseus and her recognition of his greater destiny. The emotional complexity of Calypso's relationship with Odysseus adds depth to the narrative and highlights the conflicting desires of mortals and immortals in Greek mythology.

Furthermore, Hermes' role in aiding Odysseus further emphasizes the interconnectedness of the divine realm in Odysseus' journey. As the messenger of the gods, Hermes plays a crucial role in facilitating communication and intervention between the immortals and mortals. His assistance to Odysseus in leaving Calypso's island and continuing his journey home underscores the power of divine intervention in shaping the course of Odysseus' fate.

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Overall, the gods' love for Odysseus in The Odyssey serves as a central theme that underscores the importance of divine guidance and support in the face of adversity. Their unwavering commitment to Odysseus reflects the enduring belief in the power of the gods to influence and shape the lives of mortals in ancient Greek society. Through their actions and interventions, Athena, Calypso, Hermes, and other gods contribute to Odysseus' ultimate triumph in returning home to Ithaca. Their love for Odysseus not only showcases the complexity of relationships between mortals and immortals but also highlights the enduring themes of loyalty, resilience, and divine intervention that are central to the epic narrative of The Odyssey.

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Dr. Oliver Johnson

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The Gods Who Loved Odysseus In Homer’s Odyssey. (2024, March 25). GradesFixer. Retrieved May 25, 2024, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-gods-who-loved-odysseus-in-homers-odyssey/
“The Gods Who Loved Odysseus In Homer’s Odyssey.” GradesFixer, 25 Mar. 2024, gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-gods-who-loved-odysseus-in-homers-odyssey/
The Gods Who Loved Odysseus In Homer’s Odyssey. [online]. Available at: <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-gods-who-loved-odysseus-in-homers-odyssey/> [Accessed 25 May 2024].
The Gods Who Loved Odysseus In Homer’s Odyssey [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Mar 25 [cited 2024 May 25]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-gods-who-loved-odysseus-in-homers-odyssey/
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