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The Effect of Covid-19 Lockdown on The Wildlife Conservation

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Words: 1299 |

Pages: 2|

7 min read

Published: Nov 5, 2020

Words: 1299|Pages: 2|7 min read

Published: Nov 5, 2020

By 2020, many governments around the world will have launched a campaign to stop COVID-19 from spreading. Many people have reduced their overseas activity and begun to remove themselves from the community to avoid infection as a result of the sad news about the rising number of infections and fatalities from various regions of the world. Many governments provided alternative jobs as well: the long-distance working model and education were widely implemented, some economic sectors were closed, and the proposal to stay at home was made.

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Rapid and broad changes in people's lives must have an impact on the environment and wildlife around the world. Many countries throughout the world began to report changes in air quality linked to vehicle carbon emissions, carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, and particle matter PM2.5 and PM10. There have also been reports of environmental damage and improvement on the beaches most affected by the lack of tourists. This essay will further analyze the effects of the pandemic on the ecology and wildlife conservation.

Wildlife interestingly, reacted quickly to changes in human and economic performance. The first event was when human disruptions were reduced, allowing wildlife to utilize the habitats that had been established and expand their daily activities. Evidence of the presence of animals in locations where it has not been seen in a long time has been debated on social media since the outbreak began. Various changes in animal behavior have been reported, such as changes in bird expression during COVID-19 quietus, an increase in trauma, changes in eating patterns, and the emergence of new competition systems in synanthropic animals with anthropogenic foods suddenly reduced. How their presence influences animal behavior, and how animals may respond rapidly and reliably to extreme alterations like confinement and 'human confinement tests.'

However, it is unclear how current ecological changes will continue, as well as what other environmental implications they may have on wild species. The influence of human invasions, such as overpopulation, death, childbirth, or genetic flow, is relatively modest due to the brief period of this particular cause (the World Health Organization notified the outbreak on March 11, 2020). More research is needed to identify changes that may have an impact on crucial demographic parameters, especially in species that are declining rapidly. We hope that the closing time for such animals (which are typically uncommon and protected) will be a time to move away from undoing people's negative habits.

Many locks have been identified around the world as a result of the COVID-19 zoonosis outbreak, providing an unprecedented opportunity to investigate how drastic changes in human activities may affect animals. We saw both positive and negative consequences on animal conservation and management as a result of the closure of COVID-19 in Italy, the first European government to impose a ban on the rest of the country. We coupled social media data quality analysis with field data from a variety of taxa, data from citizen science projects, and queries posed to protected area managers. Both contact and field data indicate that less human disturbance has allowed wildlife to explore new habitats and expand their daily activities. Field evidence has revealed good benefits on wildlife conservation, such as increased species diversity in temporarily undisturbed areas, high nesting success of raptors, and a decrease in amphibian and reptile road. Despite the encouraging outcomes, our data indicated many of the COVID-19 problem's detrimental repercussions on animals. Foreign invasive organisms benefited from the limited human disturbance associated with ground locks. The closure of COVID-19 hampered the regulation of undesired species and conservation operations focused on threatened taxa, according to the answers of surveys sent to managers of protected areas. Reduced enforcement may also increase unlawful wildlife slaughter. In addition to having major economic effects, the COVID-19 situation could have long-term implications for wildlife conservation.

We investigated whether shutting down may considerably reduce wildlife deaths due to decreased external human activity and traffic flow in our article. We picked the hedgehog as a model because it has been noted in numerous articles as one of the most prevalent victims of car traffic, particularly in cities. Estimates of a reduction in road deaths during the COVID-19 outbreak are needed to better understand human trends, good research planning, and conservation operations, given the decline in the number of hedgehogs in Europe.

Field evidence has revealed good benefits on wildlife conservation, such as increased species diversity in temporarily undisturbed areas, high nesting success of raptors, and a decrease in amphibian and reptile roadkill. Despite the encouraging outcomes, our data indicated many of the COVID-19 problem's detrimental repercussions on animals. Foreign invasive organisms benefited from the limited human disturbance associated with ground locks. The closure of COVID-19 hampered the regulation of undesired species and conservation operations focused on threatened taxa, according to the answers of surveys sent to managers of protected areas. Reduced enforcement may also increase unlawful wildlife slaughter. The COVID-19 dilemma, in addition to having major fiscal and economic effects, could have long-term consequences for wildlife conservation.

Pollution and carbon emissions have been an issue all over the planet. However, due to industry and transportation, the pollution challenge has been decreased by good air quality and the environment since the commencement of the Covid-19 outbreak. Otherwise, due to falling international shipments, it will have less influence on maritime systems. NO2 is a major contributor to poor air quality in industrial and urban settings. In comparison to the same period in 2019, NO2 content in China and Western European United States of America cities fell by an average of 40 and 20-38 percent for the complete closure period (January-April 2020). The NO2 content has decreased by 6% globally, according to NASA Earth Observatory (2020). After the key to the epidemic is found, the pollution problem will remain. Meanwhile, the epidemic has hurt the atmosphere and the ecology.

During the shutdown, social media was flooded with photos of a diverse range of species. The landscape appears to vary when we glance out the window or take a short walk through the park, especially in urban settings. There appear to be more animals than normal, as well as some surprise visitors. Pumas in downtown Santiago, Chile, dolphins in abnormally calm seas in the port of Trieste, Italy, and foxes in broad daylight in Tel Aviv's city parks have all been reported. Following a drop in boat speeds and levels of noise pollution, animals can begin to roam freely on the world's waters, hidden from view.

Epidemics, on the other hand, may have posed new obstacles in some circumstances. Rats, bulls, and monkeys, for example, have become so reliant on waste or man-made food that they are struggling to survive in today's conditions. People gravitate to greener places in larger or more suburban neighborhoods in certain lands where bottlenecks allow for outdoor exercise, which may have an impact on residents' wildlife. Simultaneously, dwindling human presence in isolated locations could put endangered species like rhinos and crocodiles at risk of poaching or persecution. Finally, there has been worry that economic hardship in low-income nations may induce an increase in natural resource exploitation4.

At this time, it's hard to identify which observations have been shared on social media and which expert predictions regarding global animal responses will be realized. However, it is evident that people and wildlife have become more trusting than ever before, and that the time has come to investigate this complicated relationship. There is an urgent need for more scientific research.

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As the current epidemic spreads and the world population grows, the positive and negative effects of Covid-19 on biodiversity sources can be expected. As a result, excessive demand created a challenge to biodiversity conservation and environmental management. The research focused on the beneficial and negative consequences of Covid-19 on conservation, as well as the effects of governments' intermediate and long-term measures during the pandemic.

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The Importance of Red Panda Conservation in China. (2022, December 11). GradesFixer. Retrieved May 28, 2024, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-importance-of-red-panda-conservation-in-china/
“The Importance of Red Panda Conservation in China.” GradesFixer, 11 Dec. 2022, gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-importance-of-red-panda-conservation-in-china/
The Importance of Red Panda Conservation in China. [online]. Available at: <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-importance-of-red-panda-conservation-in-china/> [Accessed 28 May 2024].
The Importance of Red Panda Conservation in China [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2022 Dec 11 [cited 2024 May 28]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-importance-of-red-panda-conservation-in-china/
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