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The Internal and External Forces of Employee Performance

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Employee performance can be one of the reason why the organisation is successful because there are different types of needs for employees to drive them to work. Another reason why performance could be an effective and efficient to the organisation is to understand the reason why people work for as it will motivate them to perform well. (Kovach, 1987). Employee’s performance can be affected by external forces and inter forces. The external forces that can influence the employees’ performance can be technological changes, working environment, competition and so on. One the other hand, the internal forces are motivation level, ability, skills and knowledge.

Therefore, it is significant to understand external forces as well as internal forces which can lead to the performance of employees. Organisational justice theory (Greenberg, 1987) focuses on the matters of employee’s perception of their organisation’s behaviours, treating employees fairly within the organisation so the actions and decisions influences the employee’s own attitudes and behaviours at work (McShane, Olekalans, Newman & Travaglione, 2016).

Moreover, it is derived from equity theory, which suggest individuals make judgements on fairness based on the amount they give (input) compared to the amount they get back (output). Adam’s Equity Theory is assessing effort (inputs) and reward (outputs) and also justify as the relationship between employee’s assessment and perception with their work and employer.

According to Adam’s Equity inputs, it is about efforts, commitment, skill, adaptability, determination and trust in superiors. On the other hand, outputs are including, recognition, reputation and responsibility. The situations of ratios outcomes on employee’s job are evaluated by Adam’s theory. Between inputs and outputs equity, equity itself is a dependent on comparing own ration of input/output with ratios of referent therefore, between input and output people will need to feel that there is a fair balance (Adams, 1963) Equity Theory may explain why people can be happy and motivated but in terms of working environments it can also change to unhappy environment therefore this could be reward-to-effort ratio. “A theme in the motivation and creativity literatures is not only that pay for performance was often detrimental to intrinsic motivation, but also that even when pay for performance (PFP) produced positive effect on motivation, it was on extrinsic motivation, which, importantly, was seen as lower in quality compared with intrinsic motivation in terms of sustainability or ability to generate key positive outcomes such as creativity and well-being. ” (Gerhart & Fong 2015)

According to Deci (1971), the increase in motivation indicates that( a) when the money was used as an external reward, the intrinsic motivation tended to decrease; whereas( b) DECI attributes Response Individuals have to extrinsic motivators to raise the impression for people that their behaviour is externally providing more equitable pay and meaningful work.

The purpose of this essay will be presenting about equity pay and meaningful work is an ineffective and why pay for performance scheme is better approach to employees. Equity pay alludes to the decency of trade association with every worker and the circumstance which is the work they have done. A correspondence standard works when we trust that everybody in the gathering ought to get similar results (McShane, Olekalns, Newman and Travaglione, 2016)Demoralizing lower paid representatives from buckling down and energize the more generously compensated worker to exaggerate their own abilities and position, which would be a demotivating represent the two gatherings (Rai, 2008).

Workers dependably talk about authoritative installment structure with one another (Gerhart and Fang, 2015). To guarantee sufficient inspiration, the administration needs to guarantee reasonableness and impartiality in the compensation levels among the laborers in comparative occupations, offices, and equivalent employment worth inside the business. Inside the foundation, formal pay ranges where representatives with comparable jobs and experts are gathered utilizing a similar scale may help with keeping up interior value. The strategy can either rouse or demotivate the worker relying upon the view of work significance. Studies have demonstrated that individuals will be less spurred to go up against the new work openings on the off chance that they trust that others inside their experience and pay scale are offered higher bundles for a similar position. Accordingly, it is basic that businesses pay specialists at the correct levels and demonstrate to them that compensation is dispensed inside the association. There are confinements to the viability of value pay as a propelling variable. There are identity composes inside the association that are more prepared to be less happy with their installments. The outgoing laborers have more attitude toward the levels of their compensation (Kirmanen and Salanova, 2010). There are likewise representatives with high neuroticism, reliability, and transparency thought to be happy with their compensation levels. Consequently, it implies that no impeccable pay methodology would persuade each utilize. Pay for performance schemes “The social environment relates to interaction among people and respect numerous social and societal laws, rules and norms created by people to regulate and control behavior of people” (Chandan, 2008, p. 44). The poor communication among people or weak social network in an organization will affect behavior of employees due to belongingness needs cannot be fulfilled.

According to Maslow’ Hierarchy of needs, belongingness is the deficiency needs of people and must be satisfied so that employees will feel security and fundamental comfortable (Chandan, 2008). The ex gratia installments, commissions, and rewards are essential to inspiring the representatives to put more endeavors in their endeavors. In any case, ponders have contended that compensation for execution additionally gives an impetus to the less qualified staff to complete a few exercises remunerated in light of execution related pay. The attention on execution winds up undecided. At the point when the representative motivational impact overwhelms the association, efficiency increment (Brown, Hyatt and Benson, 2010).

Then again, if the choice impact has the high ground, singular yield decays. In such cases, the endeavors should go for making a remuneration structure that empowers misuse of the motivational capability of financial motivators without empowering wasteful exercises inside the association (Wilton, 2010). While setting up worker pay, most associations frequently swing to the benchmarking information inside the business to set compensations and wages in light of the reasonable incentive in the market (Muchinsky and Culbertson, 2016).

For pay for execution models, workers who perform well ought to get more pay. Nonetheless, analysts have noticed that the connection among instalment and execution isn’t that straightforward. In any association, it is prominent that representatives have enhanced requirements. In this way, different motivational variables can influence execution with optionality staying as the key. Maslow’s chain of command of necessities, psychological assessment, and Herzberg’s inspiration cleanliness speculations hold that fiscal impetuses are not the huge determinants of work inspiration, aside from the labourers at low-pay levels (Dartey-Baah and Amoako, 2011). Most scientists have discredited the adequacy of pay for execution in spurring the workers refering to the trouble in deciding individual execution criteria, the capacity to gauge it, and whether singular execution adds to authoritative destinations. Execution includes thinking about different components: individual skill, condition, and inspiration (Perrewé, 2011). In this way, a terrible entertainer in an association may perform superbly in different associations.

While employing, contenders see them in an unexpected way. Vroom (1995) gave the equation that “Execution = f (Ability x Motivation)” (p. 237). Hence, by expanding inspiration there should, speculatively, be an expansion on execution. There are basically four unique kinds of inspiration that have all been Motivation Factors 18 broadly considered throughout the decades. These include: extraneous inspiration, inborn inspiration, positive inspiration, and negative inspiration (Woolfolk, 2001).


From the first investigation, it is apparent that the remuneration conspire utilized inside the association influences worker inspiration. In this manner, bosses should attempt to fabricate compelling motivating force procedures. The past representative exhibitions identified with the groups and nature as opposed to the laborer. In this way, rehashing the past progress may end up being unsuccessful. Remuneration ought to be founded on execution with the essential criteria for evaluation being achieving the define objectives, long haul quality of the business, and productivity. Impartial pay among the representatives makes a feeling of fulfillment, which to some degree don’t rouse representatives to buckle down. In any case, with pay for execution, it is the obligation of every worker to meet authoritative targets, convey quality work, and meet the timetables to gain more than others. Thus, there is an arrangement of diligent work and duty created.

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The Internal And External Forces Of Employee Performance. (2020, April 12). GradesFixer. Retrieved September 22, 2021, from
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