This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers.

The James Bryce's and Grodzin's Different Views on Federalism

downloadDownload printPrint

Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you.

Any subject. Any type of essay.

We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.

Get your price

121 writers online

The James Bryce's and Grodzin's Different Views on Federalism essay
Download PDF

Bryce and Grodzin have very different views on the separation of the federal and state governments. Bryce’s simple layer cake view sees federalism as a machine that doesn’t help or hurt the other parts, every piece just does its own job. Grodzin sees the issue more complexly, and argues that there’s no possible way, in history or present, for our government to operate properly without intermixing.

James Bryce thinks the best way of operation is one of limited interference at different levels. Like a machine, the parts only do their job, neither assisting or inhibiting other parts. He feels as though the best management of the states is the control of the people, not pressure from above. If something’s going wrong, the national government should allow the citizens of the communities themselves to fix the mess they made themselves. This divided system doesn’t help to solve larger issues efficiently, but it does allow for the most democracy. It leaves the larger issues for the national government to deal with, and allows the people to govern themselves on issues that more directly affect them, like civil rights.

Grodzin is quite opposite. He thinks the best operation of the government occurs when each level has a hand in it. His first example of this is the sanitarian, who works for the federal, state, and local levels all at once. He uses this example to show a government institution that operates efficiently and effectively for the good of all involved, by combining the powers at each level. This example shows how his mixed federalism can be effective, but it is also an example of removing power from the hands of the people. If the people were to decide the standards the sanitarian was holding them to weren’t appropriate, they would not be able to fully change this. The sanitarian’s power comes from so many different sources that he could be very difficult to regulate.

Grodzin describes the difference between these two philosophies using an analogy of a layer cake and a marble cake. He says that Bryce’s model is like a layer cake, the levels don’t interact as they go about their business, keeping separate and distinct. No one area of government interacts with the other, they just exercise their authority in their own area without bothering anyone else. His own model he describes a marble cake, the flavors are swirled together, and every level includes itself in some form in every bite, no matter how small. In his model, the powers are blended between levels, completely inseparable. Almost every power is shared in some way, which makes for an efficient system if you want it to keep going, but not so much if you’d like it to change directions.

Both men have very different views on America’s federalism, and both are important to understanding it. Although the marble cake federalism is the more widely accepted model today, both were logical conclusions and each has their own merits. Both opinions reflect the debates that have shaped our government into what we know today.

infoRemember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

100% plagiarism-free

Sources and citations are provided

Find Free Essays

We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling

Cite this Essay

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

The James Bryce’s and Grodzin’s Different Views on Federalism. (2018, Jun 13). GradesFixer. Retrieved August 1, 2021, from
“The James Bryce’s and Grodzin’s Different Views on Federalism.” GradesFixer, 13 Jun. 2018,
The James Bryce’s and Grodzin’s Different Views on Federalism. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 1 Aug. 2021].
The James Bryce’s and Grodzin’s Different Views on Federalism [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2018 Jun 13 [cited 2021 Aug 1]. Available from:
copy to clipboard

Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you.

    By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. We will occasionally send you account related emails.


    Attention! This essay is not unique. You can get a 100% Plagiarism-FREE one in 30 sec

    Receive a 100% plagiarism-free essay on your email just for $4.99
    get unique paper
    *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content
    download public sample

    Sorry, we could not paraphrase this essay. Our professional writers can rewrite it and get you a unique paper.



    Your essay sample has been sent.

    Want us to write one just for you? We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay.

    thanks-icon Order now

    Hi there!

    Are you interested in getting a customized paper?

    Check it out!
    Having trouble finding the perfect essay? We’ve got you covered. Hire a writer

    Haven't found the right essay?

    Get an expert to write you the one you need!


    Professional writers and researchers


    Sources and citation are provided


    3 hour delivery