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On 27 April 1994, Nelson Mandela won the first democratic elections which was held at the South Africa by obtaining .62.65 % of the vote. At the age of 77 Nelson Mandela elected as the first dark president of the country on 10 May 94.
During the time of his presidency, Mandela also worked to safeguard South Africa’s economy from downfall. During the first period of his presidency he had to overcome the apartheid: poverty, inequalities, unequal access to social services and uplifting of infrastructure facilities.
The RDP was a South African socio economic policy, which was introduced by the ANC government of Mandela. It was to address the huge socio economic problems brought about by Apartheid. Through the RDP, the South African government supported the creation of jobs, housing and basic health care.
As part of his mission for peace, nation building and reconciliation, Mandela used the nation’s interest for sports as a significant point to uphold settlement between whites and blacks. During the 1995 Rugby World Cup held at South Africa, he encouraged black South Africans to support the previously hated national rugby team which had been subjected to various problems. It was also the first World Cup in which South Africa was allowed to participate.
Mandela signed into law a new Constitution for the nation by launching a strong central government based on majority rule, and guaranteeing both the rights of minorities and the freedom of expression. the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, was approved by the Constitutional Court (CC) on 4 December 96 . The Constitution was founded on the values of Human self-respect, the success of equality and the advancement of human rights and freedoms, Non-racialism and non-sexism and Sovereignty of the constitution and the rule of law.
Further, he introduced the Growth, Employment and Redistribution macroeconmic policy in 96 with aim of the rapid liberalization of the South African economy. It was included the relaxation of exchange controls, privatization of state assets, trade liberalization etc. It gave a massive impact for the economy of the country.
In 1999, Mandela retired from active politics. He was called on to help as independent body for peace agreements in Burundi in central Africa. In South Africa, Mandela followed money-raising drives for the Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund. Through this fund he was able to uplift the education of the children by reservation and constructing of schools and Class rooms. Such facilities have become known as the products of “Madiba magic”.
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