The Oligopoly Market: a Case Study of General Motors

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 608 |

Page: 1|

4 min read

Published: Mar 8, 2024

Words: 608|Page: 1|4 min read

Published: Mar 8, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. General Motors
  3. General Motors' Response to Market Forces
  4. Conclusion


Oligopoly market structure remains a dominant economic phenomenon that characterizes many industries in the world today. Essentially, an oligopoly market comprises a few dominant firms that dominate the market while facing limited competition from other smaller players. The market shares of these dominant firms significantly affect the prices and the quality of goods and services in the market. In this essay, I will explore the oligopoly market structure through a case study of General Motors. General Motors is one of the largest and oldest automobile manufacturers in the world characterized by an oligopoly market structure. We will analyze how General Motors has responded to competition and market forces in its struggle to maintain its place as a dominant player in the global automobile industry.

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General Motors

General Motors is an American multinational corporation with its headquarters in Detroit, Michigan. It was founded in 1908 and is one of the largest automobile manufacturers in the world. The company has come a long way in its nearly 114-year history, surviving numerous market crises and substantial changes in the automobile industry. General Motors is credited with having pioneered the concept of the modern automobile assembly line in the 1920s, revolutionizing the production of vehicles. Over the years, General Motors has expanded its operations and acquired several other automobile brands, such as Chevrolet, Cadillac, and GMC.

The automobile industry has been characterized by an oligopoly market structure for several decades. The industry is dominated by a few major players that have a significant market share worldwide. This market structure has led to a high level of competition, with each of the major players striving to outdo the other through innovative technology and marketing strategies. The top players in the automobile industry include General Motors, Toyota, Volkswagen, and Ford.

General Motors' Response to Market Forces

General Motors has been at the forefront of the automobile industry for many years. It has survived several market crises, including the 2008 economic downturn, where the company filed for bankruptcy. The company has continued to innovate its automobiles and invest in technological advancement, such as electric vehicles and autonomous driving. The company has also responded to changing consumer tastes and preferences by introducing new models that cater to the changing market demands.

The company has established partnerships with other major players in the industry to gain a competitive edge. For example, in 2021, General Motors announced a $2bn investment in the company Cruise, a division of GM aimed at developing autonomous vehicles. This investment was in response to the growing demand for autonomous vehicles among consumers. General Motors has also been involved in several joint ventures with other automobile manufacturers to develop new technologies and expand its market share. For instance, General Motors partnered with Honda in 2020 to develop new technologies in the area of electric and autonomous vehicles.

General Motors has also been involved in significant restructuring to improve efficiency and reduce costs. In 2019, the company announced that it was closing several production plants in North America as part of a broader cost-cutting measure aimed at repositioning the company for growth. This restructuring aimed to streamline operations and improve the company's competitive position.

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In conclusion, oligopoly market structure characterizes the automobile industry, with General Motors being one of the major players. The company has survived several market crises and responded to changing market forces through innovative technology, marketing strategies, and partnerships with other major players in the industry. Restructuring has also been a significant strategy used by General Motors to improve efficiency and reduce costs. Despite the challenges posed by oligopoly market structure, General Motors has shown resilience and adaptability, cementing its position as a dominant player in the global automobile industry.

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Prof. Linda Burke

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The Oligopoly Market: A Case Study of General Motors. (2024, March 07). GradesFixer. Retrieved June 19, 2024, from
“The Oligopoly Market: A Case Study of General Motors.” GradesFixer, 07 Mar. 2024,
The Oligopoly Market: A Case Study of General Motors. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 19 Jun. 2024].
The Oligopoly Market: A Case Study of General Motors [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Mar 07 [cited 2024 Jun 19]. Available from:
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