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Conditional Cash Transfer program is the mother program where the Pantawid Pamilyang Program of the Philippine government was derived. In this program, the less fortunate were given the privilege to enjoy cash assistance from the government. Accordingly, this program could be traced back to the Latin America where the World Bank gives assistance to poorer nations and people. Accordingly, “The World Bank, which promotes and finances CCTs worldwide, defines CCTs as provisions of assistance to impoverished individuals, usually in the form of cash, conditional on specified behaviors, most often pertaining to education and healthcare. CCTs promote capital accumulation and combat both short-term and the long-term cycle of poverty, deviating from traditional social welfare programs that only address short-term poverty alleviation” (Centofante, 2015).
According to the official gazette of the Republic of the Philippines, the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) is a human development measure of the national government that provides conditional cash grants to the poorest of the poor, to improve the health, nutrition, and the education of children aged 0-18. It is patterned after the conditional cash transfer (CCT) schemes in Latin American and African countries, which have lifted millions of people around the world from poverty.
The 4Ps has dual objectives as the flagship poverty alleviation program of the Aquino administration: social assistance, giving monetary support to extremely poor families to respond to their immediate needs; and social development, breaking the intergenerational poverty cycle by investing in the health and education of poor children through programs such as health check-ups for pregnant women and children aged 0 to 5; deworming of schoolchildren aged 6 to 14; enrollment of children in daycare, elementary, and secondary schools; and family development sessions.
The 4Ps also helps the Philippine government fulfill its commitment to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)—specifically in eradicating extreme poverty and hunger, in achieving universal primary education, in promoting gender equality, in reducing child mortality, and in improving maternal health care.
The 4Ps operates in all the 17 regions in the Philippines, covering 79 provinces, 143 cities, and 1,484 municipalities. Beneficiaries are selected through the National Household Targeting System for Poverty Reduction (NHTS-PR), which identifies who and where the poor are in the country.
In general, the following criteria must be satisfied to become eligible for the program:
Residents of the poorest municipalities, based on 2003 Small Area Estimates (SAE) of the National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) Households whose economic condition is equal to or below the provincial poverty threshold Households that have children 0-18 years old and/or have a pregnant woman at the time of assessment Households that agree to meet conditions specified in the program
Moreover, the 4Ps has two types of cash grants that are given out to household-beneficiaries: health grant: P500 per household every month, or a total of P6,000 every year education grant: P300 per child every month for ten months, or a total of P3,000 every year (a household may register a maximum of three children for the program)
For a household with three children, a household may receive P1,400 every month, or a total of P15,000 every year for five years, from the two types of cash grants given to them.
These cash grants are distributed to the household-beneficiaries through the Land Bank of the Philippines or, if not feasible, through alternate payment schemes such as Globe G-Cash remittance and rural bank transactions.
As of August 2015, a total of P27.15 billion cash grants were paid to eligible and compliant beneficiaries for the first to the third period of 2015 covering January to August disbursements. From this amount, P13.23 billion was paid for education, and the remaining P13.92 billion was disbursed for health. In order to receive the above-mentioned subsidies, all the succeeding conditions must be met by the household-beneficiaries:
Thus, with this perspective of the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program of the Republic of the Philippines, the researchers are hoping to find a suitable effectiveness of the 4P’s to the quality of life of the Barangays in Toril, Davao City.
The significance of the Study The findings of this study will benefit the following:
The 4P’s beneficiaries of the Barangays in Toril. The findings will help boost the morale and life of the 4P’s beneficiary since they will find out the effect of 4P’s to their life. They will also be able to understand the importance of 4Ps not only in their financial endeavors but above all to their relationships with their family and community.
The Barangays in Toril. The result will give the barangay officials and other barangay functionaries a broader perspective of the effect of 4P’s to the quality of life of their people.
The Davao Central Colleges. The result of the study will be beneficial to the school since there are some students who are under the 4P’s who are studying in the school. In this way, the school will be able to give proper approaches to these students in order to improve their quality of life.
The Faculty of Davao Central Colleges. The result of the study will help the faculty members of the school to be guided on how to approach and improve the quality of life of their students who are under the 4P’s.
The Students of Davao Central Colleges. The result of the study will be beneficial to the students of DCC since this will tackle the importance of their studies, as one of the reasons why 4P’s was established. This will allow students to realize how fortunate they are.
The Future researchers. The future researcher can make use of the data gathered to even enhance or create new studies on the effect of 4P’s to the quality of life of its beneficiaries in barangays of Toril.
The following are the objectives of the studies:
The study is limited to a number of barangays in Toril. These barangays are chosen base on the number of 4P’s beneficiaries they have. On the other hand, the study is only limited to the 4P’s beneficiaries, especially those who have their children study in DCC. The study, on the one hand, is also limited to the quality of life of the beneficiaries which covers on and while they are still the recipient of the said program. Hence, with this scope and limitation of the study, the researchers are hoping to find out the effectiveness of the 4P’s to the quality of life of its beneficiaries in some barangays in Toril, Davao City.
In this study, the researchers will be using a quantitative-descriptive form of research with the use of data analysis implied by the data gathered from the barangays. The researchers will also employ an interview and questionnaire, as a way of data gathering, particularly to the recipient of the program. This paradigm will help us understand the framework of the researchers:
Definition of Term 4P’s – It is known as Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program of the government of the Philippines. The other name for this is a conditional cash transfer program (CCT program). This is a program of the government that gives financial assistance to the less fortunate.
Barangays – It is a type of early Filipino settlement; the word is derived from balangay, the name for the sailboats that originally brought settlers of Malay stock to the Philippines from Borneo. Barangay villages sometimes grew to include 30 to 100 families, but the barangays remained isolated from one another.
The Spaniards retained the barangay as their basic unit of local administration in the islands. (Ultimate Encyclopedia) Quality of Life – It is the prospect of rising living standards that make the acquisition of competence in terms of standard of living. But however desirable the possession of a comfortable sufficiency of material goods, and the possibility of leisure for recreational purposes, the quality of a full life in any human society has other even more important prerequisites, such as the possession of freedom in a law-abiding community and of equality before the law. (Ultimate Encyclopedia) Recipient / Beneficiaries – A person, group or community what receive help from an organization or individual, may it be in a form of monetary subsidy or material help. (Ultimate Encyclopedia) Effectiveness – It stresses the actual production of or the power to produce. (Merriam-Webster Dictionary)
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