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The Principles of The Cloning in The Biology

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Cloning is the reproduction of organisms as an exact copy of an animal or possibly a human. There are both pros and cons to cloning. You can create a new social class but you can also eliminate diseases by cloning. Cloning is a long process of replicating the DNA in animals. You have to use a somatic cell from the organism they are going to replicate. It is very different than sexual reproduction. People haven’t cloned a human yet but they have tried. Although, they have been successful in cloning some animals. The DNA frequently has errors in human cloning and mitochondria have their own DNA which causes another problem. That is why humans have yet to be cloned. Cloning is a very complicated process that needs to be thought out thoroughly before doing because it has both pros and cons and might come along with many problems before there are solutions.

What I know about my topic is that cloning has something to do with copying DNA. When you make a clone, you are basically making an exact replica of someone or something. I know that recently there was a sheep cloned.

My topic is important to me because I think cloning is an advancement in science and technology. I read a book about cloning in 6th grade called Double Identity and it was about cloning. Ever since then, I found it really interesting and wanted to know how it is even possible to do such a thing.

My first wondering is, what are the pros of cloning? “This creates mutations and defective genes, but these could be eliminated thanks to the cloning of healthy human cells” (Pros, 2013). If more of us were clones, we would have healthier cells and our lives could be longer. Diseases that kill people could be eliminated. “From the professional athlete who tears their ACL to the person who becomes a quadriplegic because of a devastating automobile accident, recovery times could be lowered and true healing could occur thanks to the cloning of their own cells to help the recovery process” (Pros, 2013). We see so many athletes getting injured and some even have to end their careers from traumatic injuries. Cloning may be able to put an end to it. Those are some of the pros to cloning.

My second wondering is, what are the cons of cloning? “It could also create new societal divisions, where perfected clones may be treated differently than naturally made humans” (Pros, 2013). If cloning existed, a lot of people would be treated differently and unfairly. There would be a new organization of social class. This is just one of the cons that might come along with the idea of cloning someone. Clearly, there are cons to cloning as well.

My third wondering is, how do people clone animals? “ltimately, the adult female gives birth to an animal that has the same genetic makeup as the animal that donated the somatic cell. This young animal is referred to as a clone” (Animals, 2015). In reproductive cloning, they remove a somatic cell from animal that they are going to copy. They take the DNA from that cell and the egg develops an early stage embryo. That is implanted into the womb of an adult female animal. Finally, she gives birth to an animal with the same genetics as the animal who donated the somatic cell. That is the process of creating a clone of an animal.

My fourth wondering is, how does cloning differ from sexual reproduction? “Unlike sexual reproduction, during which a new organism is formed when the genetic material of the egg and sperm fuse, in nuclear transplantation cloning there is a single genetic parent” (Embryonic, 2006). In sexual reproduction you need a sperm and an egg to fuse but in cloning there is only one parent needed. Also, in cloning it does involve an existing embryo. that is how cloning is different than sexual reproduction.

My fifth wondering is, why does human cloning fail? “Full-term clones may fail to thrive because scientists have completely gone around the extensive judging and abortion of potential offspring that occurs in nature” (Bear, 2001). Many scientists and researchers say that human clones are very difficult to make even for them. Errors frequently occur with DNA and mitochondria have their own loops of DNA which is also a problem. Obviously, there are reasons why human cloning has been failing.

I learned a lot of new things about cloning but here are just three. First, humans have error with their DNA which makes it hard to clone. Second, I learned that in cloning you only need one parent to reproduce. Third, in cloning you don’t need an existing embryo. Those are my new learnings.

I also learned some surprising learning and here are three of them which include some of the same new learnings. First, cloning only needs one parent to reproduce. Second, to clone animals you take DNA from an existing cell of the animal you want to clone. Third, with cloning in full effect there would be a new class organization. Those are my surprised learnings.

Even after all my research, I have a few questions about cloning. Will we ever be able to create human clones? Would it cost a fortune to make clones? How would clones affect the earth and the people in it? These are just a few of my many questions I could ask about cloning.

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The Principles of the Cloning in the Biology. (2018, August 02). GradesFixer. Retrieved January 31, 2023, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-principles-of-the-cloning-in-the-biology/
“The Principles of the Cloning in the Biology.” GradesFixer, 02 Aug. 2018, gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-principles-of-the-cloning-in-the-biology/
The Principles of the Cloning in the Biology. [online]. Available at: <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-principles-of-the-cloning-in-the-biology/> [Accessed 31 Jan. 2023].
The Principles of the Cloning in the Biology [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2018 Aug 02 [cited 2023 Jan 31]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-principles-of-the-cloning-in-the-biology/
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