The Russian Revolution in 1917

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About this sample


Words: 644 |

Page: 1|

4 min read

Published: Mar 1, 2019

Words: 644|Page: 1|4 min read

Published: Mar 1, 2019

The Russian Revolution of 1917 was one of the most explosive political events of the twentieth century. The Russian Revolution affected the economy greatly. The effects on economy were the Czarist Rule, the Soviet Union was created, and over 15 million died.

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During the Czarist Rule, many people were treated badly. The majority of the people were peasants and lived in the countryside with little food and no power. As society changed, people started moving to cities to become factory workers, they then became middle class. As society changed even more, they started to not like the Tsars and they wanted more power. After a small rebellion in 1905 Tsar Nicholas II created a kind of parliament called the Duma. The Duma was an elected semi-representative body to establish form. Although Tsar Nicholas II dissolved the Duma after a few months because he was unwilling to give up his power. During Russia’s participation in 1914 of ww1, they had used a lot of money for resources and for the army while fighting against Germany. The economy was hopelessly disrupted by the costly war effort, leading to food shortages and little fuel to heat their houses during the winter. The people wanted Russia to stop the war.

In February 1917 large demonstrations against the tsar started. The Russian army joined the demonstrators and turned against the him. Nicholas II was forced to give up all the power he had as emperor. (The Russian Revolution) After Nicholas II stepped down from power, the Duma set up a new government. The Duma couldn’t handle the problems Russia had. While this was occuring there was a groups of workers set up called the “Soviets”. They were first organised in St. Petersburg but quickly spread throughout the country. As the Duma’s government became weaker the Soviets became stronger. There were different groups in the Soviets. In the end the Bolsheviks took most of the power because the population liked them for their promise of peace, land and bread.

On November 7 and 8, 1917, Vladimir launched a d’état against the Duma’s provisional government, also known as the October Revolution. The Bolsheviks and their allies occupied government buildings and other strategic locations in Petrograd, and soon formed a new government with Lenin as its head. Lenin became the dictator of the world’s first communist state. By the end of November 1917, the Bolsheviks took over the government in Russia and Vladimir Lenin became the most powerful man in the country. Under the Bolsheviks all land was put under the control of the state and introduced an 8 hour workday, whilst giving workers more control over the factories. Then Lenin quickly pulled Russia out of World War I. He then signed a treaty with the Germans at Brest-Litovsk in early 1918 losing about a fourth of Russia’s territory. (Russian Revolution) After the October Revolution, Civil War broke out in Russia in late 1917. The war was between the Red and White armies.

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The Red Army fought for the Lenin’s Bolshevik government. The White Army represented a large group of loosely allied forces, including monarchists, capitalists and supporters of democratic socialism. The war finally ended in 1923 with Lenin’s Red Army winning. The idea of communism had started to spread around the world. Western nations viewed Communism as a spreading threat and moved to isolate the Soviet Union as much as possible. A confrontation between the Soviet Union and the United States took center stage. This later became WW2. The war had a major impact on Russia. Over 20,000,000, both civilian and military died. (The Russian Revolution (1917–1918)) So in conclusion the Russian Revolution affected the economy because the Czarist Rule came to an end, the Soviet Union was created, and 15 million people died. Although the Russian Revolution had many bad impacts, there were some good outcomes, such as the end of the Czarist Rule.

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The Russian Revolution in 1917. (2019, February 27). GradesFixer. Retrieved May 21, 2024, from
“The Russian Revolution in 1917.” GradesFixer, 27 Feb. 2019,
The Russian Revolution in 1917. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 21 May 2024].
The Russian Revolution in 1917 [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2019 Feb 27 [cited 2024 May 21]. Available from:
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