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The function of Law enforcement agencies in Malaysia is performed by numerous law enforcement agencies and generally comes under the direct purview of the Royal Malaysia Police, the main government agency entrusted with the maintenance of law and order in the country. Like many federal nations, the nature of the Constitution of Malaysia mandates law and order as a subject of the state, therefore the bulk of the policing lies with the respective states and territories of Malaysia. A law enforcement agency (LEA) is any agency which enforces the law. This may be a special, local, or state police and federal agencies.
The Court System to uphold criminal justice in Malaysia serve as the venue where disputes are then settled and justice is administered. With regard to criminal justice, there are a number of critical people in any court setting. These critical people are referred to as the courtroom work group and include both professional and non-professional individuals. These include the judge, prosecutor, and the defence attorney. The judge, or magistrate, is a person, elected or appointed, who is knowledgeable in the law, and whose function is to objectively administer the legal proceedings and offer a final decision to dispose of a case. Criminal justice is the delivery of justice to those who have committed crimes. The criminal justice system is a series of government agencies and institutions. Goals include the rehabilitation of offenders, preventing other crimes, and moral support for victims. The primary institutions of the criminal justice system are the police, prosecution and defence lawyers, the courts and prisons.
The criminal justice system consists of three main parts. It is law enforcement agencies, usually the police, courts and accompanying prosecution and defence lawyers, and agencies for detaining and supervising offenders, such as prisons and probation agencies. The hierarchy of courts of Malaysia starts with the Magistrates Court as the first level followed by the Sessions Court, High Court, Court of Appeal and the Federal Court of Malaysia, which is the highest level. The High Court, Court of Appeal and the Federal Court are superior courts, while the Magistrates Court, the Court for Children and the Sessions Court are subordinate courts. A Magistrate’s Court and a Court for Children are presided by magistrates. There are also various other courts outside of the hierarchy. There are the Penghulu’s Courts, the Syariah Courts and the Native Courts. A court, which is paralleled in jurisdiction with the Magistrates’ Court, is the Juvenile Court.
In conclusion, law enforcement agencies respond to, detect, and prevent crime. Within this perspective, it is recognized that police officers play a significant role in adapting and responding to unexpected or unknown situations, as well as recognized situations, such as theft or domestic dispute. The enforcement of laws has, by definition, a major impact on the society the laws apply to, the agencies which enforce the laws have a specific relevance to the societies in which they operate.
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