This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers.

The Target Population and Factors Contributing to Sexually Transmitted Infections (sti) Acquisition

downloadDownload printPrint

Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you.

Any subject. Any type of essay. We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.

Get your price

121 writers online

Download PDF

The target population is heterosexuals, low-income African-Americans, ages 18 to 25 residing in San Francisco, California. In San Francisco, African American young adults are at higher risk for acquiring gonorrhea infection relative to other races/ ethnicities’ youth adults. Respectively, in 2010, the target population ages 15-19 had an incidence rate of 2301. 2 and ages 20-24 had an incidence rate of 2696. 7 for gonorrhea. In comparison, in 2010, Caucasians age 15-19 had an incidence rate of 152. 8 and age 20-24 had an incidence rate of 382. 4 for gonorrhea. Hence, the rate of gonorrhea in San Francisco surpasses those for Los Angeles, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), the state of California, New York, NY MSA, and the United States in 2010 (2012).

Increasingly, investigators are seeking to identify determinants of STI acquisition among young adults from failing to use condoms/prophylactic and volume of sex partners. Investigators have thus begun to focus attention on understanding exposure to infected partners by exploring characteristics of young adults’ sexual networks. Research suggests that young adults whose sex partners are having sex with other partners are at higher vulnerability for an exposure to an STI. Conversely, these studies are finite.

The target populace is residing in an elevated STI prevalence community — whose sex partners have other sex partners outside their local network. Therefore, their local network is more prone to have at least one sex partner infected with gonorrhea. Since, the exposure to an STI is related to the presence of sexual links between his or her recent sex partners and the community. Furthermore, there also are noticeable racial inequalities with incarceration rates in the target populace, in part due to the War on Drugs, comprising of racial bias in arrests and sentencing, and other structural factors. In San Francisco, 6 percent of inhabitants are Black, yet 56 percent of inmates’ population are Black. African Americans, age 18 to 25, represent the largest portion of the inmate demographics (2013). This disproportionate incarceration of Black males, in part, disrupts the sexual networks, and hypothesized to have an essential role in the race disparity in STIs. It suggests that a history of incarceration is a clear risk factor for STI/HIV and sexual risk behavior.

Social control theory puts forth an explanation for the relationship between rates of STI and rates of crime that presumes criminality erodes community unity and perceptions of social control, thus constructing an environment conducive to higher rates of risky sexual behaviors and STI infections. Plus, the primary policy response to growing crime trends in the USA involved incarcerating large portions of residents in urban neighborhoods further eroding open avenues of social control, cohesion, capital, and collective efficacy. The research suggests that neighborhoods that meet these sociological profiles have higher rates of sexual risk behaviors and STI.

Despite accumulating research into community factors, aggregate rates of crime, and STIs, hardly any researchers account for structural dependence in the geographical data. The research found a considerably positive relationship between rates of incarceration and census-tract-level incidence rates of STIs among young women in San Francisco, CA after adjusting for poverty and other socioeconomic influences. A secondary audience is African-American Men who have sex with men (MSM), age 17-25 residing in San Francisco, CA. MSM represent 72% of the gonorrhea cases. The secondary populace has considerably higher rates of gonorrhea in comparison to their white counterparts. Several studies have established that an increased incidence of STIs among African-American MSM with higher HIV risk, which makes African-American MSM a valid secondary audience.

Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

experts 450+ experts on 30 subjects ready to help you just now

delivery Starting from 3 hours delivery

Find Free Essays

We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling

Cite this Essay

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

The Target Population And Factors Contributing To Sexually Transmitted Infections (Sti) Acquisition. (2020, March 16). GradesFixer. Retrieved January 22, 2022, from
“The Target Population And Factors Contributing To Sexually Transmitted Infections (Sti) Acquisition.” GradesFixer, 16 Mar. 2020,
The Target Population And Factors Contributing To Sexually Transmitted Infections (Sti) Acquisition. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 22 Jan. 2022].
The Target Population And Factors Contributing To Sexually Transmitted Infections (Sti) Acquisition [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2020 Mar 16 [cited 2022 Jan 22]. Available from:
copy to clipboard

Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you.

    By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. We will occasionally send you account related emails.


    Attention! This essay is not unique. You can get a 100% Plagiarism-FREE one in 30 sec

    Receive a 100% plagiarism-free essay on your email just for $4.99
    get unique paper
    *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content
    download public sample

    Sorry, we could not paraphrase this essay. Our professional writers can rewrite it and get you a unique paper.



    Please check your inbox.

    Want us to write one just for you? We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay.

    thanks-icon Order now

    Hi there!

    Are you interested in getting a customized paper?

    Check it out!
    Having trouble finding the perfect essay? We’ve got you covered. Hire a writer

    Haven't found the right essay?

    Get an expert to write you the one you need!


    Professional writers and researchers


    Sources and citation are provided


    3 hour delivery