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The Terracotta Army is one of the greatest discoveries of the 20th century and also one of the most famous in the world.Since its inception, more than 8,000 soldiers, 130 carts and 670 horses have been excavated. But do you know how long it took to create and finish it?Below we list the 10 most interesting facts that you probably do not know about this giant monument.It is considered one of the best archaeological findings of the 20th centuryThe Terracotta Army is part of the largest ancient Mausoleum complex of Shi Huang’s ancient empire. About 8,000 different statues have been discovered.They are 175-190 cm long. Each of the statues changes in gestures and facial expressions, and even some exhibit different mimics in the face. This mausoleum has drawn some fascinating facts about the Empire’s technology, army, art, culture and army.It’s the 8th Miracle of the WorldIn September 1987, the Terracotta Army was regarded as the Eighth World Miracle by former French President Jacques Chirac.He stated: “There have been Seven Miracles in the World and the discovery of the Terracotta Army, we can say, is the eighth world miracle. People who have not seen the pyramids can not claim to have visited Egypt, and now all those who have not seen these terracotta figures can not claim to have visited China. “It was built 2,200 years ago
The Terracotta Army was created by China’s first emperor, Qin Shi Huang, who began building the army in 246 BCE after he (then 13 years of age) climbed to the throne. There was an army for this emperor, once believed that objects like statues could be perpetuated in the afterlife. Thousands of years later, soldiers are still standing and exhibit a remarkable level of craftsmanship and mastery of 2,200 years ago.The Terracotta Army Museum consists of three main roomsCurrently, the museum consists mainly of three holes and one exposure hall: Room A, Room Two, Room Three and Bronze Wheel Exposure Room.Room 1: It is the largest and most impressive (about 230 x 60 m) – the size of an airborne hangar. There are over 6,000 terracotta figures of soldiers and horses, but less than 2,000 are displayed.Room 2: It is the roof of the rooms (about 96 x 84 m) and reveals the mystery of the ancient army group. It has the largest army units made up of archers, chariots, mixed forces, and cavalry.Room 3: It is the smallest room, but most importantly (21 x 17 m). There are only 68 terracotta figures and all are officials. They represent the command post.
Bronze Wheel Showroom: It contains the largest and most complex bronze artifacts in the world. Each cart had about 3,400 parts and 1,234 kg. In every cart there were 1,720 pieces of gold and silver jewelery, weighing 7 kg.This army is not just soldiersTerracotta musicians and acrobats have been found in these pits lately, as well as some birds, such as waterfowl and ducks. It is believed that the emperor wanted the same services and great treatment in his afterlife.To create this mausoleum, 700,000 employees worked for 40 yearsThe construction of terracotta warriors began in 246 BCE when Shi Huang took over the state throne and ended in 206 BCE, four years after his death, when the Han Dynasty began.Over 700,000 workers worked row for 40 years to complete the army complex and the terracotta tomb.The Eighth World Miracle was discovered by some local farmersThe Terrakota Army remained intact in the underground for over 2,200 years and was accidentally discovered by some local farmers who were digging a well in 1974 in Xi’an area.This discovery prompted Chinese archaeologists to investigate, discovering the largest archaeological site in China.
No statue is similar to the otherIf you are not surprised by the large number of these soldiers, then you should take a look closer to their appearance. You will be surprised by delicate craftsmanship and will be surprised to find that no statue is the same on the face.Each fighter has unique facial features. Pedestrians, archers, generals and horsemen are different in every respect, from facial expressions, dresses, and style of hair styling.Not all Terracotta soldiers are discovered, many of them are expected to be excavatedCurrently, there are four pits in total and only three of them have surfaced.The army is only a part of the garnish in the Shi Huang mausoleum, covering about 56 square kilometers. Much of it remains underground. Digging and restoration of terracotta figures is ongoing. The biggest terracotta figures are ready to be discovered.Over 5 million tourists visited this army in 2015The Terracotta Army is a world famous place.
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