The theories on human development: [Essay Example], 494 words GradesFixer
exit-popup-close

Haven't found the right essay?

Get an expert to write your essay!

exit-popup-print

Professional writers and researchers

exit-popup-quotes

Sources and citation are provided

exit-popup-clock

3 hour delivery

exit-popup-persone
close
This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers.

The theories on human development

Print Download now

Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you.

Any subject. Any type of essay.

We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.

Get your price

121 writers online

blank-ico
Download PDF

In the history of psychology, there have been many different fields of interest. Human development, especially, has been one of the interesting fields of study for many psychologists. Freud, Erikson, and Piaget are all great theorists with similar, but different, ideas of human development. Their theories on human development had human beings passing through different stages as aging. Although the three theorists have common relations that they developed their ideas and theory stages for human development through the lifespan, each theory represents own uniqueness on what these stages were and what they focus on and where they relate human development too.

Freud is known as the father of psychology. According to Freud, he believed that human development was fueled by inner forces (Essay UK, 2014). He believed our sexual being was the most powerful of all inner forces throughout human development. That being said, Freud linked everything with sex. Thus, nowadays, Freud’s theory on human development is labeled the psychosexual stages of development. According to Berger, the author of The Developing Person Through the Life Span, Freud believed “human beings passed through different stages in their life based on which part of their body gave them sexual gratification (Berger, 2014).”

Erikson developed his theory inspired by Freud. Not only Erickson focused on child development, but he also added stages for the adult years. He focused on identity rather than sexuality, unlike Freud. Later now, Erikson’s theory is known as the psychosocial stages of development. He is also known for his eight stages of life; trust versus mistrust, autonomy versus shame and doubt, initiative versus guilt, industry versus inferiority, identity versus identity confusion, intimacy versus isolation, generativity versus stagnation, and integrity versus despair (Berger, 2014).

Piaget also believed in developmental theory like Freud and Erikson. Her stages are recognized as the cognitive stages. These stages are based on what the child can do. That being said, Piaget’s theory is focused on the learning and development of the child. According to Piaget, a child passes through four stages as growing up. Although both Piaget and Freud were interested in the child’s abilities and senses, Piaget did not relate the stages with sexual desires unlike Freud was. Piaget believes the four stages of development which is known as the sensorimotor stage, the preoperational stage, the concrete operational stage, and the formal operational stage (Berger, 2014). These three theories on human development each have their own good points and frauds. In other words, each of these theories has some value because they are not totally wrong but also are known to receive some criticism as theory is not a science, thus cannot be applied to some cases. To make a conclusion, Although each theory of Freud, Erickson, and Piaget is similar in its timetable and sequence of life events, they are differed by their own focuses. Freud focuses on sex, Erikson focuses on the social ability, and Piaget focuses on the child’s cognition and senses.

Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

100% plagiarism free

Sources and citations are provided

Cite this Essay

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

GradesFixer. (2018, November, 19) The theories on human development. Retrived August 24, 2019, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-theories-on-human-development/
"The theories on human development." GradesFixer, 19 Nov. 2018, https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-theories-on-human-development/. Accessed 24 August 2019.
GradesFixer. 2018. The theories on human development., viewed 24 August 2019, <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-theories-on-human-development/>
GradesFixer. The theories on human development. [Internet]. November 2018. [Accessed August 24, 2019]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/the-theories-on-human-development/
close

Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you.

By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. We will occasionally send you account related emails.

close

Thanks!

Your essay sample has been sent.

Want us to write one just for you? We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay.

thanks-icon Order now
boy

Hi there!

Are you interested in getting a customized paper?

Check it out!
Having trouble finding the perfect essay? We’ve got you covered. Hire a writer

GradesFixer.com uses cookies. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy.