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The Holocaust was the World War ll genocide of the European Jews. It was between 1941-1945. Six million Jews were murdered. During the Holocaust, it was a state-sponsored mass murder and millions of Jewish people were killed. On January 27th, it is a remembrance day for all the people who got murdered in the Holocaust. “Yom HaShoah” is a national holiday for those who were murdered. The word comes from Greek and refers to a sacrifice by fire. In 1933, the Jewish population stood over 9 million in Europe. Most Jews lived in countries that Germany Nazi would occupy and influence during World War ll. Germany and their allies’ collaborators killed almost every two out of three Europeans by the end of the war in 1945. The Jews and Germans got emigrated by the Nazis. During the beginning of the Holocaust, they were enacting the Numberburg Law, which was a set of rules that systematically removed Jewish people. The Holocaust was one of the most horrifying crimes to ever happened and in the beginning, after World War l the country Europe was destroyed and recreated in new countries, in the end of the Holocaust the Germans had killed six million European Jews as a plan.
After the start of the Holocaust in September 1939, in the western half of Poland was occupied was the German army. Where the German people were living had barbed wires and high walls around it. German police forced a lot of Polish Jews from homes to ghettos. The spread of starvation and poverty had overruled which then led the Ghetto people to disease and one of them was called “Typhus”. Once the fall started in 1939, 7,000 German people institutionalized for disabilities and mental illness which then cause a “Euthanasia Program” which is to be gassed to death, and the Nazi officialswere the ones that selected the 7,000 German people. German religious leaders protested Hitler and then they ended the program that they had. One of the programs that worked for the Euthanasia program was then piloted for the Holocaust. The law that was passed in September 1935, was the “Nuremberg Law” and that law met that they were not allowed to have intermarriage between non-Jews and Jews. The Jews got banned from universities and then Jewish people got banned from the theater that they were at. After they got banned from things their work got rejected from publishers and then Jewish writers could not find newspapers that would take their work and publish what they did. The people that played an important role in party labeling of literature, art, and science were famous artists and scientists. The people that were involved in the theoretical underpinning of racial doctrine as scientists and physicians. A big organized attack on the Jews happened in Germany after Hitler assumed power on March 9, 1933. Situated near Munich, opened. A situation near Munich happened two weeks later at the Dachau camps. Dachau was a place of internment for communist, socialist, and German liberals and it was also for anyone that was considered an opponent of the Reich. It became the new model for the network of concentration camps that would be established later by the Nazis. Within a few months, democracy was obliterated in Germany and the country became a single-party police state. In April 1933, a general boycott against German Jews was declared, in which SA members stood outside Jewish-owned stores and businesses in order to prevent customers from entering. “The twin goals of racial purity and spatial expansion were the core of Hitler’s worldview, and from 1933 onward they could combine to form the driving force behind his foreign and domestic policy”.
Through the spring and summer of 1940, the German army expanded Hitler’s empire in Europe, conquering Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France. The German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941 marked a new level of brutality in warfare. Mobile killing units called “Einsatzgruppenwould” murder more than 500,000 Soviet Jews and others (usually by shooting) over the course if the German occupation. Beginning in September was marked with a yellow star, making them open targets. Soon tens of thousands were being deported to the Polish ghettos and German-occupied cities in the USSR. Since June 1941, experiments with mass killing methods have been ongoing at the concentration camp. That August, 500 officials gassed 500 Soviet POWs to death with pesticide. The SS soon placed a huge order for the gas with a German pest-control firm, an ominous indicator of the coming Holocaust. World War ll provided Nazi officials the opportunity to adopt radial measures against the Jews under the pretext that posed a threat to Germany. After, German authorities confined the Jewish population to Ghettos, who later deported thousands of Jews from the Third Reich. With the support from the Wehrmacht, moved behind German lines to murder Jews, Rome, and Soviet state and Communists Party officials in mass shootings as well as in specially equipped gas vans. The shooting of Jews continued throughout the war and many were conducted by militarized battalions of the German Order Police. The shooting eliminated the lives of more than 1.5 million Jews. In late 1941 Nazi officials opted to employ an additional method to kill Jews, they originally developed for the “Euthanasia” program to have gas chambers. Between 1941 and 1944, Nazi Germany and its Allies deported nearly three million Jews from areas under their control. The vast majority were sent to killing centers, often called extermination camps, where they were murdered primarily by means of poison gas. Some able-bodied Jewish deportees were temporarily spared to perform forced labor in Ghettos, forced labor camps for Jews, or concentration camps. But most of the workers died from starvation and disease or were killed when they became too weak to work. “Between 1941 and 1945, the Nazis sought to eliminate the entire Jewish community of Europe. Jews were murdered by death squads called Einsatzgruppen or transported to extermination camps”.
In late 1941, the Germans began mass transport s from the Ghettos in Poland. Starting with those people they got viewed as least useful: the sick, old and weak, and very young. The first mass gassing began at the camp of Belzec On March 17, 1942. At least five more mass killing centers were built at camps in Poland. From 1942 to 1945, Jews were deported to camps from all over Europe, including German-controlled territory as well as those countries allied with Germany. The heaviest deportations took place in 1942 when more than 300,000 people were deported from the Warsaw Ghetto alone. Deportation fed up with the disease and constant hunger, the inhabitants of the Warsaw Ghetto rose up in armed revolt. The Warsaw Ghetto uprising from April 19-may 16, 1943 ended in the death of 7,000 Jews, with 50,000 survivors then sent to extermination camps. The Nazis tried to keep the operation of the camp secret, but the scale of the killing made this virtually impossible. Eyewitnesses brought reports of Nazi atrocities in Poland to the Allied government, who was harshly criticized after the war for its failure to respond or to publicize news of the mass slaughter. The lack of action was mostly due to the Allied focus on winning the war at had, but also a result of the general incomprehension with which news of the Holocaust was met and the denial and also the disbelief that such atrocities could be occurring on such a scale. At Auschwitz alone, more than 2 million people were murdered in a process resembling a large-scale industrial operation. A large population of Jewish and non-Jewish inmates worked in the labor camp there: though only Jews were hassled, thousands of others died of starvation or of diseases. In 1943, Eugenicist Josef Melange arrived in Auschwitz to be in his infamous experiment on Jewish prisoners. Joseph’s special area of focus was conducting medical experiments on twins, injecting them with everything from petrol chloroform under the guise of giving them medical treatment. His actions that he did gave him the nickname “the Angel of Death”. “In the concentration camps, the prisoners were forced to complete excruciatingly difficult physical labor in the absence of adequate food, water or shelter”. When people went to the camps during the Holocaust they lived on very low food and water and have very little shelter. It was not easy there either because they made you do tasks that people every day would not do.
The Holocaust was one of the most horrifying crimes to ever happened and in the beginning, after World War l the country Europe was destroyed and had recreated in new countries, in the end of the Holocaust the Germans had killed six million European Jews as a plan. “Many Jewish women created art while confined in the ghettos and concentration camps, and a great deal of the art depicts the hopelessness felt by the Jewish people throughout the period”. During the camps, women would like to create art because a lot of them felt lonely and empty which could lead up to death if it got really bad. In 1933, was the day year they considered that the Holocaust started after the Nazi party came to rule in Germany. “I was 18, but I, in fact, only 13 because those years were nothing. Those were erased from my life”. As an 18-year-old in the Holocaust, you got treated badly and it felt like you lost 5 years of your life to the Holocaust.
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