The Urgent Problem of Pollution in Modern World

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About this sample


Words: 889 |

Pages: 2|

5 min read

Published: Jan 28, 2021

Words: 889|Pages: 2|5 min read

Published: Jan 28, 2021

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Pollution in Our Oceans
  3. Air Pollution's Impact on Environment and Health
  4. Impact on Wildlife and Biodiversity
  5. Conclusion
  6. References


In recent decades, the world has grappled with an escalating crisis—pollution. Pollution, in its various forms, has inflicted considerable harm upon our environment, affecting not only human beings but also the delicate ecosystems of our planet. This essay delves into the multifaceted issue of pollution in the world, exploring its impact on human health, biodiversity, and the broader environment. It also underscores the urgent need for collective action to mitigate this pervasive threat.

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Pollution in Our Oceans

One of the most alarming facets of pollution is its profound impact on our oceans. These vast bodies of water, once teeming with life, are now under siege from a multitude of pollutants. Man-made contaminants, including pesticides, herbicides, oil, industrial chemicals, and sewage, find their way into the ocean, often originating far upstream from the coastlines.

Excess nutrients from fertilizers, for instance, are carried into estuaries and bays, triggering algal blooms that suffocate marine organisms by depleting oxygen levels. The consequence is a chain reaction of ecological devastation, ultimately leading to dead zones where marine life cannot thrive.

Furthermore, light pollution in the ocean disrupts the behavior of fish living in shallow reefs. Artificial light interferes with natural cues for migration, feeding, and reproduction, leading to imbalances in marine ecosystems. Ocean pollution doesn't only imperil sea life but also affects humans. Microplastics, ingested by small organisms, introduce toxic chemicals into their tissues. As these microplastics move up the food chain, they ultimately become part of the human diet, potentially exposing us to harmful substances.

Air Pollution's Impact on Environment and Health

Air pollution is another pressing concern, with harmful particles affecting both outdoor and indoor environments. Pollutants such as smoke, mold, and carbon dioxide can have detrimental effects on our surroundings and human health. The consequences of air pollution are far-reaching.

Respiratory diseases, cardiovascular issues, and an increased global temperature are among the direct outcomes of air pollution. Indoor smoke from cooking and heating, a reality for billions of people worldwide, poses a significant health threat. Meanwhile, outdoor air pollution contributes to premature deaths and a heightened risk of disease for millions.

In the United States, air quality has worsened over time, with an increase in the number of days featuring unhealthy air conditions. Elevated levels of carbon dioxide due to human activities have disrupted the Earth's climate, causing global warming. Urgent measures such as transitioning to electric vehicles and adopting eco-friendly transportation habits can mitigate these effects and slow down global warming.

Impact on Wildlife and Biodiversity

Pollution not only affects human health and the environment but also poses a dire threat to wildlife and biodiversity. The destruction of the ozone layer and the resulting global warming conditions have disrupted habitats, making them increasingly inhospitable for animals.

Tragically, pollution has played a role in the extinction of numerous animal species. The Exxon Valdez oil spill in the Gulf of Alaska, for instance, claimed the lives of over 100,000 seabirds and 1,000 sea otters due to oil pollution. Air pollution poses similar threats to wildlife, as it can damage their lungs and cardiovascular systems.

Furthermore, pollutants can poison wildlife, disrupt endocrine functions, cause organ injuries, increase vulnerability to diseases, lower reproductive success, and even lead to death. Littering, a major source of pollution, directly impacts animals. Ingesting garbage can harm or even kill animals, especially if they consume sharp objects or toxic substances.

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In conclusion, the world finds itself at a pivotal juncture in addressing the menace of pollution. Pollution, be it in our air, oceans, or land, poses an existential threat to the planet's delicate balance. Urgent remedial action is imperative if we are to reverse the devastating impacts already inflicted upon our environment. The alarming statistics on climate change, biodiversity loss, and the deterioration of our natural resources serve as a stark reminder that the consequences of inaction are too dire to ignore. There is an urgent need for collective and concerted efforts to mitigate pollution, safeguard our planet, and secure a sustainable future for all living beings. Pollution in the world is not merely an abstract issue; it is a palpable crisis that requires immediate and unwavering attention.


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  2. Jambeck, J. R., Geyer, R., Wilcox, C., Siegler, T. R., Perryman, M., Andrady, A., ... & Law, K. L. (2015). Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean. Science, 347(6223), 768-771.
  3. Prata, J. C. (2018). Microplastics in wastewater: State of the knowledge on sources, fate and solutions. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 129(1), 262-265.
  4. Cohen, A. J., Brauer, M., Burnett, R., Anderson, H. R., Frostad, J., Estep, K., ... & Forouzanfar, M. H. (2017). Estimates and 25-year trends of the global burden of disease attributable to ambient air pollution: An analysis of data from the Global Burden of Diseases Study 2015. The Lancet, 389(10082), 1907-1918.
  5. Di, Q., Wang, Y., Zanobetti, A., Wang, Y., Koutrakis, P., Choirat, C., ... & Schwartz, J. D. (2017). Air pollution and mortality in the Medicare population. New England Journal of Medicine, 376(26), 2513-2522.
  6. Dirzo, R., Young, H. S., Galetti, M., Ceballos, G., Isaac, N. J., & Collen, B. (2014). Defaunation in the Anthropocene. Science, 345(6195), 401-406.
  7. Baldwin, A. K., Corsi, S. R., Mason, S. A., & Lenaker, P. L. (2016). Plastic debris in 29 Great Lakes tributaries: Relations to watershed attributes and hydrology. Environmental Science & Technology, 50(19), 10377-10385.
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The Urgent Problem Of Pollution In Modern World. (2021, January 25). GradesFixer. Retrieved December 11, 2023, from
“The Urgent Problem Of Pollution In Modern World.” GradesFixer, 25 Jan. 2021,
The Urgent Problem Of Pollution In Modern World. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 11 Dec. 2023].
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