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Our current rate of fossil fuel usage will lead to an energy crisis this century. In order to survive the energy crisis many companies in the energy industry are inventing new ways to extract energy from renewable sources.
Example of sources:
biomass: refers to organic matter that has stored energy through the process of photosynthesis. It exists in one form as plants and may be transferred through the food chain to animals’ bodies and their wastes, all of which can be converted for everyday human use through processes such as combustion, which releases the carbon dioxide stored in the plant material.
Many of the biomass fuels used today come in the form of wood products, dried vegetation, crop residues, and aquatic plants. Biomass has become one of the most commonly used renewable sources of energy in the last two decades, second only to hydropower in the generation of electricity.
It is such a widely utilized source of energy, probably due to its low cost and indigenous nature, that it accounts for almost 15% of the world’s total energy supply and as much as 35% in developing countries, mostly for cooking and heating. Biomass used as a fuel reduces need for fossil fuels for the production of heat, steam, and electricity for residential, industrial and agricultural use.
Biomass is always available and can be produced as a renewable resource. Carbon Dioxide which is released when Biomass fuel is burned, is taken in by plants.
There was an increasing In using alternate energy source by using this they can a smart grid.
In earlier day the grid is not reliable so the started adding sources like solar,wind,hydro,geothermal by the combination now it becomes a smart micro grid. This will help to use get a reliable power supply through out any problem in supply.
UPSs use many technologies to fulfil their role, and are subject to a wide range of industry trends,
We have seen a steady growth in demand for modular UPS technology over the last two years, especially in higher-power applications. Products up to 200 kVA with 10 – 25 kVA modules are widely available.
intelligent ups system in this generation iot place a lot in technology field ,so the a inter connect with iot and can be use as smart system.
Many refer to the concept of backup power as a “backup plan”, and a UPS plays a big part of it. A UPS might be a single-phase or triple-phase configuration and could be powered by an array of batteries or a flywheel component.
Protect against power interruptions. Provide adequate power during short-term interruptions and “ride-through” time to convert to backup supply
Refine the quality of the power as it reaches your building, office and equipment Include a backup source for long-term outages, such as generators.
THREE TYPES OF UPS:
A standby UPS system might also be called an offline or line-preferred UPS. It normally has an inverter, battery, static switch, low-pass filter and surge suppressor. The system remains on standby unless there’s a primary power failure.
A line-interactive UPS system contains a battery and inverter that are always connected to the output, and if power fails, a switch changes the electrical flow. The continuous connection provides superior filtering.
A double conversion UPS system has a backup battery that is charged by the input AC and powers the output inverter for a seamless switch.
ADVANTAGES OF USING UPS:
Continuity: Experience no outages to critical equipment like computers to factory production lines.
Consistency: Electronics within a UPS tells it when it needs to work and kicks in alternate power as needed, which eliminates glitches or surges and allows time to safely shut down main systems if and when needed.
Protection: Safeguards against all the oddities of electricity such as surges, spikes, dips and failure because the UPS essentially senses those things and switches to alternate power before the anomalies cause damage.
Filter: A line-interactive UPS acts as a kind of filter by refining the power as it comes into the UPS then adjusting its output so that internal systems receive a clean, consistent supply free of abnormalities.
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