"The White Tiger:" Social Class and Corruption in Modern India

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 559 |

Page: 1|

3 min read

Published: Mar 16, 2024

Words: 559|Page: 1|3 min read

Published: Mar 16, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Social Mobility and Class
  2. Corruption and Ethics
  3. Morality and Responsibility
  4. Conclusion

Aravind Adiga's novel "The White Tiger" is a compelling exploration of the realities of social class and inequality in modern-day India. The novel follows the journey of Balram Halwai, a poor villager who rises from his humble beginnings to become a successful entrepreneur. The story is narrated in the form of a letter written by Balram to the Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao, recounting his transformation from a servant to a master. In this essay, we will delve into the themes of social mobility, corruption, and morality as depicted in "The White Tiger," using insights from Sparknotes to enhance our understanding of the text.

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Social Mobility and Class

One of the central themes in "The White Tiger" is social mobility and the struggle to break free from the constraints of one's social class. Balram's journey from a lowly servant to a successful businessman is a testament to the power of ambition and determination. Sparknotes provides valuable insights into the character development of Balram, highlighting his cunning and resourcefulness in navigating the complex social hierarchy of India. By analyzing Sparknotes' analysis of Balram's actions and motivations, we gain a deeper understanding of the challenges he faces in his quest for upward mobility. Additionally, Sparknotes' commentary on the symbolism of the white tiger as a representation of Balram's desire for freedom and independence adds a new layer of complexity to the novel's exploration of social class dynamics.

Corruption and Ethics

Corruption is another key theme in "The White Tiger," as Balram becomes entangled in a web of deceit and criminality in order to achieve his goals. Sparknotes offers valuable insights into the corrupt practices that pervade Indian society, shedding light on the moral dilemmas faced by Balram as he grapples with the ethical implications of his actions. By examining Sparknotes' analysis of the novel's portrayal of corruption, we gain a deeper understanding of the systemic issues that perpetuate inequality and injustice in India. Furthermore, Sparknotes' discussion of the role of technology and globalization in shaping Balram's worldview provides a nuanced perspective on the intersection of tradition and modernity in the novel.

Morality and Responsibility

While optional, a third paragraph could delve into the theme of morality in "The White Tiger" and how Sparknotes enhances our understanding of the ethical dilemmas faced by Balram. By exploring Sparknotes' analysis of Balram's conflicting feelings of guilt and ambition, we can gain insight into the complexities of his character and the moral ambiguity that defines his actions. Additionally, Sparknotes' examination of the novel's critique of the rigid social structures that perpetuate inequality highlights the underlying message of the novel regarding the importance of individual agency and moral responsibility in the face of systemic oppression.

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Sparknotes offers valuable insights into the themes of social mobility, corruption, and morality in Aravind Adiga's "The White Tiger." By utilizing Sparknotes as a tool for analysis, we are able to deepen our understanding of the novel's nuanced exploration of class dynamics and ethical dilemmas in modern-day India. Through the lens of Sparknotes, we are able to appreciate the complexities of Balram's character and the broader social issues that shape his journey. "The White Tiger" serves as a powerful commentary on the challenges of social mobility and the moral compromises that individuals must make in order to achieve success in a society rife with corruption and inequality.

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This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

Cite this Essay

“The White Tiger:” Social Class and Corruption in Modern India. (2024, March 15). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 17, 2024, from
““The White Tiger:” Social Class and Corruption in Modern India.” GradesFixer, 15 Mar. 2024,
“The White Tiger:” Social Class and Corruption in Modern India. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 17 Jul. 2024].
“The White Tiger:” Social Class and Corruption in Modern India [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Mar 15 [cited 2024 Jul 17]. Available from:
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