Themes in J.r.r. Tolkien's "The Hobbit"

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 707 |

Pages: 2|

4 min read

Published: Jun 13, 2024

Words: 707|Pages: 2|4 min read

Published: Jun 13, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Body Paragraph
  3. Conclusion


J.R.R. Tolkien's The Hobbit is more than just a popular children's fantasy novel; it is a rich literary work that explores profound themes relevant to both young and mature audiences. This essay examines some of the predominant themes in The Hobbit, including the hero's journey, the conflict between good and evil, the importance of home, and the transformative power of courage and friendship. Through these themes, Tolkien not only weaves a captivating narrative but also provides valuable lessons about personal growth and moral integrity.

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Body Paragraph

The hero's journey is a central theme in The Hobbit, illustrated through the character development of Bilbo Baggins. At the beginning of the story, Bilbo is a typical hobbit who loves the comfort and predictability of his home in the Shire. He is initially hesitant to join Gandalf and the thirteen dwarves on their quest to reclaim the Lonely Mountain. However, as the narrative progresses, Bilbo evolves from a reluctant participant into a resourceful and courageous hero. Through his encounters with trolls, goblins, and the dragon Smaug, Bilbo discovers his inner strength and resourcefulness. This transformation exemplifies the classic hero's journey, where an ordinary individual embarks on an extraordinary adventure, faces trials and challenges, and returns home fundamentally changed. Tolkien uses Bilbo's journey to underscore the idea that heroism is not innate but developed through experience and personal growth.

Another significant theme in The Hobbit is the conflict between good and evil. Throughout the novel, characters are often faced with moral choices that define their alignment with either good or evil. The dwarves' quest to reclaim their homeland from the dragon Smaug is not just a physical journey but also a moral one. Smaug represents greed and destruction, while the dwarves' determination to restore their homeland symbolizes the fight against these corrupting forces. Additionally, characters like Gollum and Thorin Oakenshield illustrate the moral complexities within individuals. Gollum, once a hobbit-like creature, is corrupted by the power of the One Ring, embodying the theme that evil can consume even the most ordinary beings. Thorin, on the other hand, struggles with the dragon-sickness, a metaphor for the corrupting influence of greed and power. His ultimate redemption highlights the possibility of overcoming internal evil through self-awareness and sacrifice.

The importance of home is another prevalent theme in The Hobbit. For Bilbo, the Shire represents safety, comfort, and a sense of belonging. His longing for home is a constant undercurrent throughout his journey. Despite the dangers and challenges he faces, the thought of returning to his cozy hobbit-hole gives him strength and determination. This theme resonates with readers as it emphasizes the universal human desire for a place where one feels secure and loved. The dwarves' quest to reclaim their homeland further reinforces this theme. Their determination to restore Erebor is driven by a deep sense of connection to their ancestral home. Through these parallel narratives, Tolkien highlights the emotional and psychological significance of having a place to call home.

The transformative power of courage and friendship is another key theme in The Hobbit. Bilbo's journey would not have been possible without the support and companionship of the dwarves and Gandalf. Their collective courage and solidarity enable them to overcome numerous obstacles and adversities. Bilbo's relationship with Thorin evolves from mutual distrust to deep respect and friendship, demonstrating how shared experiences and hardships can forge strong bonds. Furthermore, Bilbo's acts of bravery, such as rescuing the dwarves from the spiders and confronting Smaug, are driven by his commitment to his friends. This theme underscores the idea that courage is often inspired by loyalty and love for others, and that true friendship can lead to personal growth and transformation.

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In conclusion, J.R.R. Tolkien's The Hobbit is a richly thematic novel that explores the hero's journey, the conflict between good and evil, the importance of home, and the transformative power of courage and friendship. Through Bilbo Baggins' adventures and the various characters he encounters, Tolkien delivers profound messages about personal growth, moral integrity, and the value of human connections. These themes not only enhance the narrative depth of the novel but also offer timeless lessons that resonate with readers of all ages. The Hobbit remains a beloved classic because it speaks to the enduring human experience through its imaginative storytelling and thematic richness.

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This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Charlotte Jacobson

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Themes in J.R.R. Tolkien’s “The Hobbit”. (2024, Jun 14). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 22, 2024, from
“Themes in J.R.R. Tolkien’s “The Hobbit”.” GradesFixer, 14 Jun. 2024,
Themes in J.R.R. Tolkien’s “The Hobbit”. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 22 Jul. 2024].
Themes in J.R.R. Tolkien’s “The Hobbit” [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Jun 14 [cited 2024 Jul 22]. Available from:
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