Theodore Roosevelt's Square Deal: a Progressive Blueprint for America

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 534 |

Page: 1|

3 min read

Published: Jun 13, 2024

Words: 534|Page: 1|3 min read

Published: Jun 13, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Body Paragraph
  3. The Three Cs: Control of Corporations, Consumer Protection, and Conservation of Natural Resources
    Control of Corporations
    Consumer Protection
    Conservation of Natural Resources
  4. Conclusion


Theodore Roosevelt, the 26th President of the United States, is renowned for his robust leadership and progressive policies that sought to address the social and economic challenges of his time. Central to his presidency was the Square Deal, a domestic program that aimed to ensure fairness for workers, consumers, and businesses alike. This essay explores the components of Roosevelt's Square Deal, examining its impact on American society and its enduring legacy in the context of progressive reform. By understanding the Square Deal, we can appreciate Roosevelt's vision for a more equitable and just America.

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Body Paragraph

The Three Cs: Control of Corporations, Consumer Protection, and Conservation of Natural Resources

The Square Deal was founded on three fundamental principles, often referred to as the "Three Cs": Control of Corporations, Consumer Protection, and Conservation of Natural Resources. These pillars were designed to address the inequalities and excesses of the Gilded Age and to promote a more balanced and fair society.

Control of Corporations

Roosevelt believed that large corporations held too much power and that their monopolistic practices were detrimental to the public good. To address this, he implemented policies to regulate big businesses and curb their abuses. One of the most significant actions was the enforcement of the Sherman Antitrust Act, which had been largely ineffective prior to his administration. Roosevelt's vigorous prosecution of monopolies, exemplified by the breakup of the Northern Securities Company in 1904, set a precedent for government intervention in the economy to maintain competitive markets.

Consumer Protection

Roosevelt's commitment to consumer protection was driven by the need to safeguard public health and welfare. The publication of Upton Sinclair's The Jungle in 1906 exposed the appalling conditions in the meatpacking industry, prompting Roosevelt to push for regulatory reforms. The result was the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act, both enacted in 1906. These laws established federal standards for food and drug safety, ensuring that consumers were protected from contaminated and mislabeled products. Roosevelt's efforts laid the groundwork for the modern regulatory state, highlighting the government's role in protecting citizens from corporate malfeasance.

Conservation of Natural Resources

Roosevelt was also a pioneering conservationist, recognizing the importance of preserving the nation's natural resources for future generations. His administration significantly expanded the National Parks system and established the United States Forest Service in 1905. Roosevelt set aside approximately 230 million acres of public land for conservation purposes, including national parks, forests, and wildlife refuges. His conservation policies not only protected the environment but also promoted sustainable use of natural resources, balancing economic development with ecological stewardship.

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Theodore Roosevelt's Square Deal was a transformative agenda that sought to create a more equitable and progressive society. By focusing on the control of corporations, consumer protection, and conservation of natural resources, Roosevelt addressed some of the most pressing issues of his time. His policies laid the foundation for subsequent reforms and established a legacy of government intervention in the public interest. The Square Deal remains a testament to Roosevelt's vision of a fairer America, where the interests of all citizens are protected, and the nation's resources are preserved for future generations. As we reflect on Roosevelt's achievements, we are reminded of the enduring importance of progressive leadership in addressing the complex challenges of modern society.

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This essay was reviewed by
Dr. Oliver Johnson

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Theodore Roosevelt’s Square Deal: A Progressive Blueprint for America. (2024, Jun 14). GradesFixer. Retrieved July 24, 2024, from
“Theodore Roosevelt’s Square Deal: A Progressive Blueprint for America.” GradesFixer, 14 Jun. 2024,
Theodore Roosevelt’s Square Deal: A Progressive Blueprint for America. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 24 Jul. 2024].
Theodore Roosevelt’s Square Deal: A Progressive Blueprint for America [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Jun 14 [cited 2024 Jul 24]. Available from:
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