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Tsunamis happen most often in the pacific ocean and Indonesia. This happens because the pacific Rim bordering the ocean has a large number of submarine earthquake zones. Meanwhile tsunamis have also happened in the Mediterranean sea region. A tsunami is also expected to happen in the Caribbean sea.
Very large tsunamis can cause damage to places thousands of miles away from the earthquake that caused it. The most dangerous place to be during a tsunami is at beaches lagoons bays estuaries tidal flats and river mouths. It is really rare for a tsunami to go more than a mile inland. The low point of a below the waves crest, It often hits land first. When this happens it makes a vacuum affect that sucks coastal water into the sea and shows the sea floors . This falling of sea water is an important warning sign of a tsunami. The water would usually hit land five minutes later.
A tsunami is usually made up of a series of waves, Called a wave train so its force may be combined as a straight wave when it hits shore. People in a tsunami should know that the tsunami may not be over after the first wave. They should wait for an official word that it is safe to go to a different location. The best defence Against any tsunami is an early warning. This lets people go to higher ground.
An earthquake made the Indonesian tsunami of december,26 2004.The the earthquake that made it has an impact of 9.0.283,100 people died in this tsunami. The height of the water was 34.85 meters. This tsunami is the biggest on in history.
The second biggest tsunami was in Greece. This tsunami was in 1410 B.C. There was about 100,000 deaths in this tsunami.
The third biggest tsunami is in Portugal. The tsunami happened on November 1st 1755.About 60,000 died in this tsunami. The earthquake that made the tsunami was a 8.0.The height of the wave was 12.20 meters.
The fourth deadly tsunami was in the south china sea. The tsunami happened in May 22 1782.About 40,000 died in this tsunami. The strength of the earthquake was 7.0.
The 5th biggest tsunami was in Indonesia. It happened on August 27 1883.there was 36,500 deaths in this tsunami. The height of the tsunami was about 35 meters. How can you predict when a Tsunami is coming? To help you know and tell the size of a tsunami scientist can look at the size and type of underwater earthquake that made it. This is often the first information they will get because other waves travel faster than the tsunami.
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