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Types of Areas Supported by Ospfv3

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OSPFv3 supports different types of areas depending on the requirements of a network. These areas are:

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  • Normal Area: Normal area also referred to as regular area connects to the backbone area via one or more area border routers. The link state advertisement (LSA) types that are exchanged between a normal area and the backbone area are the Inter–Area– Prefix LSAs and AS External LSAs. ASBRs are used in normal Areas.
  • Stub Area: In order to reduce the amount of external routing information that is flooded in an area, that area can be configured as a stub area. A stub Area also connects to the autonomous systems backbone Area via one or more ABRs but does not allow the use of internal ASBRs and flooding of AS External LSAs, since these LSAs are normally flooded all over the autonomous system to disseminate external route information. A stub area uses Inter–Area–Prefix LSA as a default route for all routing information that needs to be forwarded via the backbone area to the external autonomous system. For IPv6, prefix length of this LSA is set to 0.
  • Not–So–Stubby–Area (NSSA): NSSA is like a stub area. However, in an NSSA, ASBR is used to allow autonomous system external routes into an NSSA using redistribution. The ASBR redistributes the external routes and then generates type 7 LSAs that are flooded within the NSSA. In NSSA, Type 5 LSA is not allowed. However, an ABR can be optionally configured to connect the NSSA to other areas to convert type 7 LSAs to Type 5 LSAs and then floods these converted LSAs all over the autonomous system (Cisco.com, 2016).

Designated Router (DR) and Backup Designated Router (BDR)

Different types of networks present OSPF with a unique challenge to manage. A network could be point–to–point or a multiple access network providing a shared medium for multiple routers to communicate. In a multiple access network, if each router floods the network with LSAs, the same information about a link state will be forwarded from multiple sources, leading to a large amount of router CPU load and bandwidth consumption. In a multi–access network, OSPF uses a single router called designated router (DR) to control how LSAs are flooded. The purpose of using the DR is to minimize the number of adjacencies formed so that all topology tables on routers can be synchronized.

A backup designated router (BDR) is a hot standby router for the DR in the same network type. The BDR receives LSA packets and routing updates from OSPF adjacent routers but does not flood the LSA updates. The BDR only works if the DR fails. Each router in a multiple access network establishes adjacency with the DR and the BDR.

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Types of Areas Supported by Ospfv3. (2019, January 03). GradesFixer. Retrieved April 19, 2021, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/types-of-areas-supported-by-ospfv3/
“Types of Areas Supported by Ospfv3.” GradesFixer, 03 Jan. 2019, gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/types-of-areas-supported-by-ospfv3/
Types of Areas Supported by Ospfv3. [online]. Available at: <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/types-of-areas-supported-by-ospfv3/> [Accessed 19 Apr. 2021].
Types of Areas Supported by Ospfv3 [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2019 Jan 03 [cited 2021 Apr 19]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/types-of-areas-supported-by-ospfv3/
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