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Definition of Types of Government and Corruption in Government

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“The purpose of government”, as Thomas Jefferson said, “is to allow for the preservation of life and liberty, and the pursuit of happiness Government cannot give life, it cannot give liberty, and it cannot give happiness; it can only take such things away. Liberty, or freedom, is a topic which arises in any discussion concerning government; and it arises, not because government can contribute to freedom, in any way, but rather because government invariably, due to its very nature, intrudes on freedom”. Government is to be treated as a trained guard dog, to be led out into the crowd by its handlers under strict control and sharp command. Usually the mere presence of Government power is enough to remind people to leave the liberty of others alone so that each person, unfettered in any way except by proper law, through individual choice, might create wealth; and to use it or preserve it, as they should choose. Only the individual, each in his own way, can create wealth; and by individuals doing this does the wealth of the nation come about. Wealth thus comes about because people have the freedom to choose, in every instance, what they individually calculate is best for them; the trillions of individual decisions that freely occur every day in our economy is what keeps us all going. To maintain an environment in which exchanges between people, within the law, voluntarily occur: this, if the goal is to increase the store of wealth in the country is the sole function of government. It is there to punish the citizen who intrudes on the freedom of another, government’s role is as a referee, it must stay clear of the play; it must leave the business of creating wealth to those who can do it, to those that can only do it, to those outside of government. Government cannot create wealth it can only destroy it.

Corruption in government is a big problem in my eyes the unlawful use of a person’s position while in power leads to multiple problems with today’s government. The corrupt methods politicians use are ideas that are strictly in place for personal gain. Present throughout history and still prevalent within today’s world, government corruption has consisted of a number of negative issues including bribery, economic and social impacts, and the misuse of power. Government’s role within daily life has been shown to have negative effects as seen in many aspects of life as well as in literature.

Bribery can be defined as when one is offered money or some other incentive with the intention to corrupt a person’s actions. Bribery is the main component, if not the basis, of government corruption. Payments made to officials come into play often so people can receive what they desire, causing many negative effects. “The high cost of dealing with state officials through bribery induces many firms to operate the informal sector and many others to underreport sales, costs, and payroll to the authorities”. The bribes negatively resulted in companies having to lie to cover up their bribes. Bribes also have to do with personal gain and the want of certain perks. These bribes can be as simplistic as money or a larger perk such as an expensive item. The bigger the benefit, the bigger the bribe ends up being. Other perks include election rights. Politicians will pay to have electorates vote for them when they feel they’re chances of winning are low. This corruption affects the trust of the public and threatens the safety of the nation. Each act of corruption from a public servant can have extenuating results reaching far beyond those initially involved in the offense. Most officials who serve the public strive to enhance the lives of Americans, but several make choices to go against the law because of unethical motives. These reasons usually include assembling a larger bank account for themselves or their families.

There are many of different types of government and some of the most popular are democracy, monarchy, and communist ,for example democracy throughout history different types of instrumental systems have been in tact so civilizations remained structured and strong. As humanity advanced, governments happily followed. Although there have been hiccups from the ancient times to modern day, one type of government, democracy, has proven to be the most effective and adaptive. As quoted by Winston Churchill, democracy is the best form of government that has existed. This is true because the heart of democracy is reliant, dependent, and thrives on the people of the country desires; which gives them the ability for maintaining the right to choose, over time it adjusts and fixes itself to engulf the prominent troubling issues, and people have the right of electing the person they want or favor. The party most suited to the demographic concerned, are the ones voted in.

Moreover, instating the right to choose also controls the incentive for people to speak out against an unruly leader. When a large mass of civilians disagrees or is concerned with a party’s placing of policies, they can extract their title from them. Just because a party is elected, does not mean that they will remain in power for the entire duration originally allotted to them. The presence of foreseeable change is crucial to a societies degree of satisfaction associated with their current governmental system. Alteration gives democracy the upper hand. For example, in Spain in 1982, when Prime Minister Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo completely terminated the party that supported what the people wanted, the people in office forcibly made him resign. Finally, democracy is the best form of government thus far because it is vulnerable to change. The role of high courts and equal rights makes change possible. For example, if the majority impedes on a minority groups’ rights, over time, the legislature will adjust, enumerating those who were previously attacked. Overall, democracy makes the necessary refinements needed to keep up with societal developments.


The institution of Monarchy is the product of history and this was a popular form till the nineteenth century. In the twentieth century absolute monarchy has been abolished in many countries of the world and it exists only in a few countries. Its reason is that modern age is the age of democracy and there is no place for absolute Monarchy in it. Where there is Monarchy, it is a changed form and instead of being absolute, it has become constitutional. Monarchy represents that form of government where the source of all political authority is to be found in a supreme ruler. The Monarch enjoys a life-long tenure and the office passes to his heirs according to the law of primogeniture which also means first born. When the monarch is the nominal head of the State and the real powers of the State are exercised by others, the government is an Aristocracy or a Democracy instead of a Monarchy. In a limited monarchy the authority of a monarch is limited either by prescriptions of a written constitution or by certain fundamental conventions. In a limited monarchy the king is only a nominal ruler and the cabinet enjoys real executive powers. It is responsible to the Parliament for its activities.

Another most common government is communist, a system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single often authoritarian party holds power; state controls are imposed with the elimination of private ownership of property or capital while claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people. No one person shall be ranked higher than another and there is to be one person in charge of the society in a communism government. There are still to this day many countries that fall under the rule of communism and the ways they were transformed under communist rule is quite interesting.

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