close
This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers.

Unequality of The U.s. Educational System

downloadDownload printPrint

Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you.

Any subject. Any type of essay. We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.

Get your price

121 writers online

blank-ico
Download PDF

From the perspective of students that experience the consequences of ongoing discrimination, affirmative action is needed to protect opportunities that is likely to vanish if an affirmative act does not exist, or gets re-written and becomes unequal.

The U.S. educational system is one of the most unequal in the industrialized world, and students routinely receive dramatically different learning opportunities based on their social status. In comparison to European and Asian nations that fund schools equally, the wealthiest 10 percent of U.S. school districts spend nearly 10 times more than the poorest 10 percent, and spending ratios of 3 to 1 are common within states.

In spite of differences in funding, teacher quality, curriculum, and class sizes, the main view is that if students do not achieve, it is their own fault. Even so, educational experiences for minority students have continued to be separate and unequal. Two-thirds of minority students attend schools that are primarily minority, most of them located in central cities and funded well below the line aside those in neighboring suburban districts.

Recent analyses of data for school cases in Alabama, New Jersey, New York, Louisiana, and Texas have found that on every measure—from qualified teachers to curriculum offerings—schools serving greater numbers of students of color had significantly fewer resources than schools serving mostly white students. As William L. Taylor and Dianne Piche noted in a 1991 report to Congress: “Inequitable systems of school finance inflict disproportionate harm on minority and economically disadvantaged students”.

Many of the states with the extensive inequalities in educational expenses are large industrial states. In these states, many minorities and economically disadvantaged students are located in property-poor urban districts which are the worst in educational expenditures (or) in rural districts which suffer from fiscal inequity. Take for example Paterson, New Jersey. This city could not afford the qualified teachers needed to offer foreign language courses to most high school students, with Princeton, where foreign languages begin in elementary school.

States that eliminated Affirmative Action in part of college admissions process, these schools have seen a decrease in minority enrollments. In the state of California, where nearly 50% of the population is Hispanic, only 11% of freshmen are attending state colleges. Affirmative action programs do not guarantee favoritisms based on race.

The law states that affirmative action programs must be flexible, using goals and timetables, but not quotas. Surely, unfair preferences in admission do exist for some groups, but, in fact, such preferences almost always favor Caucasian students. Race and gender should not be the sole selection criteria (that would be a quota system), but they do deserve to be among the many factors that are taken into account in college admissions, and also awarding grants and other types of financial aid, like scholarships. Harvard University and other schools, for example, assess race as a factor among others, including geographical region provided the applicant meets other admissions criteria.

Patitu and Terrell (1998) explained that the goal of affirmative action in higher education is to “increase the number of people from underrepresented groups in higher education and to diversify colleges and universities” (p. 41).

As a concept, affirmative action first emerged in 1961 in President John F. Kennedy’s Executive Order 10925 as a means to end discrimination in government employment and contracting (Peters, Wooley). Executive Order 10925 called for government contractors to voluntarily ratify affirmative action in the recruitment, hiring, and promotion of minorities.

In the 1978 case Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, U.S. Supreme Court Justice Lewis Powell wrote a critical opinion, arguing that the “atmosphere of ‘speculation, experiment and creation ‘ — so essential to the quality of higher education — is widely believed to be promoted by a diverse student body. It is not too much to say that the nation’s future depends upon leaders trained through wide exposure to the ideas of students as diverse as this Nation of many peoples’ (p. 2760). Since the Bakke decision, the educational benefits of diversity have provided prime defense for affirmative action at selective institutions across the country.

Remember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

experts 450+ experts on 30 subjects ready to help you just now

delivery Starting from 3 hours delivery

Find Free Essays

We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling

Cite this Essay

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

Unequality of the U.S. Educational System. (2018, October 23). GradesFixer. Retrieved October 22, 2021, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/unequality-of-the-u-s-educational-system/
“Unequality of the U.S. Educational System.” GradesFixer, 23 Oct. 2018, gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/unequality-of-the-u-s-educational-system/
Unequality of the U.S. Educational System. [online]. Available at: <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/unequality-of-the-u-s-educational-system/> [Accessed 22 Oct. 2021].
Unequality of the U.S. Educational System [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2018 Oct 23 [cited 2021 Oct 22]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/unequality-of-the-u-s-educational-system/
copy to clipboard
close

Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you.

    By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. We will occasionally send you account related emails.

    close

    Attention! This essay is not unique. You can get a 100% Plagiarism-FREE one in 30 sec

    Receive a 100% plagiarism-free essay on your email just for $4.99
    get unique paper
    *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content
    download public sample
    close

    Sorry, we could not paraphrase this essay. Our professional writers can rewrite it and get you a unique paper.

    close

    Thanks!

    Please check your inbox.

    Want us to write one just for you? We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay.

    thanks-icon Order now
    boy

    Hi there!

    Are you interested in getting a customized paper?

    Check it out!
    Having trouble finding the perfect essay? We’ve got you covered. Hire a writer
    exit-popup-close

    Haven't found the right essay?

    Get an expert to write you the one you need!

    exit-popup-print

    Professional writers and researchers

    exit-popup-quotes

    Sources and citation are provided

    exit-popup-clock

    3 hour delivery

    exit-popup-persone