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“The Belt and Road” strategy of the main content strengthening policy communication among countries
We should strengthen intergovernmental cooperation, actively build multi-level mechanism of macro government policy communication, deepen interest integration, promote political mutual trust and reach a new consensus of cooperation. All countries along the route can make full exchanges and docking on economic development strategies and countermeasures, work out plans and measures to promote regional cooperation, solve problems in cooperation and provide policy support for practical cooperation and large-scale projects.
“The Belt and Road” strategy will strengthen policy communication between countries as one of the main content, is to make a contribution and demonstration for international policy communication mechanism to improve a bit tired. On the basis of political mutual trust, we should form a more practical, cooperative, coordinated and effective policy support mechanism for macro policy, development strategy and regional planning in three aspects.
First, we should seize the key passageways, key nodes and key projects of the transportation infrastructure, and we should first open up the missing sections, unblock the bottleneck sections, and improve the road safety protection facilities and traffic management facilities and facilities, so as to improve the access level of roads. We should push forward the establishment of a unified transport coordination mechanism, promote the organic connection of international customs clearance, transshipment and multimodal transport, and gradually form a transport rule compatible with the regulations, so as to achieve international transportation facilitation. We should promote the construction of port infrastructure, unblock the land and water transport corridors, promote port cooperation, increase maritime routes and flights, and enhance information cooperation in maritime logistics. We should expand the platform and mechanism of building a comprehensive civil aviation cooperation, and accelerate the upgrading of the aviation infrastructure.
Second, we need to strengthen interoperability and cooperation in energy infrastructure, jointly safeguard the safety of transport corridors such as oil and gas pipelines, promote the construction of cross border power and transmission corridors, and actively carry out upgrading and transformation of regional power grids.
Third, we will jointly promote the construction of communication backbone networks such as cross-border optical cables, improve the level of international communication and intercommunication, and smooth the information silkroad. We should speed up the construction of bilateral cross-border optical cables, plan and build intercontinental submarine optical cable projects, improve the air (satellite) information channel, and expand information exchange and cooperation.(three)
First, efforts to promote the customs cooperation along the country should strengthen information exchange, mutual recognition, mutual supervision and law enforcement, and bilateral and multilateral cooperation, inspection and quarantine certification, standard measurement, statistical information and other aspects of the world trade organization, to promote the “agreement” of trade facilitation and effective implementation. We should improve the conditions of customs clearance at border ports, speed up the construction of “single window” at border ports, reduce the cost of customs clearance and enhance the capacity of customs clearance. We should strengthen the cooperation between supply chain security and facilitation, promote the coordination of cross-border supervision procedures, promote the verification of the Internet of inspection and quarantine certificates, and carry out the mutual recognition of “certified operators” (AE0). Reduce non-tariff barriers, jointly improve the transparency of technical trade measures and improve the level of trade liberalization and facilitation.
Second, broaden the field of trade, optimize the structure of trade, and develop new business forms such as cross-border e-commerce. We should establish and improve the service trade promotion system, consolidate and expand traditional trade, and vigorously develop modern service trade. We should combine investment and trade with investment to promote trade development.
Third, accelerate the process of investment facilitation and eliminate investment barriers. We should strengthen bilateral investment protection agreements, avoid consultations on double taxation agreements, and protect the legitimate rights and interests of investors.
Fourth, expand mutual investment, carry out deep cooperation in agriculture, forestry, animal husbandry, fishery, agricultural machinery and agricultural products production and processing, and actively promote cooperation in the field of mariculture, marine engineering, environmental protection industry and maritime tourism. Increase the coal, oil and gas, mineral and other traditional energy resources exploration and development cooperation, and actively promote hydropower, nuclear power, wind power, solar and other clean energy, renewable energy resources cooperation, promote local processing and conversion cooperation, formation of downstream industry chain integration cooperation in energy resources. We should strengthen cooperation in the deep processing technology, equipment and engineering services of energy resources.
Fifth, we should promote the cooperation of emerging industries and complement the principles of mutual benefit and mutual benefit, so as to promote the cooperation between the countries along the route in the new generation of information technology, biology, new energy and new materials, and promote the establishment of venture capital cooperation mechanism.
Sixth, we should optimize the division and layout of the industrial chain, promote the coordinated development of upstream and downstream industry chain and related industries, encourage the establishment of R & D, production and marketing system, and enhance the supporting ability and comprehensive competitiveness of regional industry. Expand the service industry to open up each other and promote the rapid development of regional service industry.
To expand the scope and scale of bilateral currency exchange and settlement of bilateral currencies along the countries along the line. Promote the opening and development of the Asian bond market. We will jointly advance the construction of the Asian infrastructure investment bank and the BRICs Development Bank, and the parties concerned will carry out consultations on the establishment of the Shanghai cooperation organization.
To speed up the establishment and operation of the Silk Road Fund. We will deepen the pragmatic cooperation of the association of the one ASEAN Bank of China and the joint organization of the SCO, and carry out multilateral financial cooperation in the form of syndicated loans and bank credit. It supports the issuance of RMB bonds in China by supporting national governments along the line and high credit rating enterprises as well as financial institutions. Chinese financial institutions and enterprises in China can issue RMB bonds and foreign currency bonds abroad, and encourage the use of funds raised in the countries along the line.
At the same time, financial supervision and cooperation between countries should be strengthened to promote the signing of bilateral memorandums of understanding on supervision and cooperation, and gradually established in the region.
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