Walmart: Impact on Economies, Communities, and Environment

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About this sample

About this sample


Words: 702 |

Pages: 2|

4 min read

Published: Mar 8, 2024

Words: 702|Pages: 2|4 min read

Published: Mar 8, 2024

Table of contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Effects on Local Economies
  3. Environmental Impact
  4. Ethical Supply Chain Practices
  5. A Call for Change


Walmart, a behemoth in the retail industry, has long been a subject of polarized discussions concerning its impact on economies, communities, and the environment. While its proponents laud the corporation for its affordability and accessibility, a deeper exploration reveals troubling implications of its business practices. This essay endeavors to dissect the multifaceted consequences of Walmart's operations, moving beyond the surface-level benefits to uncover a more disconcerting picture.

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Effects on Local Economies

One of the primary indictments against Walmart centers on its deleterious effects on local economies. The company's modus operandi, characterized by undercutting prices, poses an existential threat to small businesses unable to compete on such thin margins. This phenomenon, often termed as the "Walmart Effect," precipitates the erosion of local retail landscapes, culminating in monolithic market dominance. The closure of local enterprises not only diminishes the diversity of purchasing options but also erodes the social fabric of communities, transforming vibrant localities into desolate 'retail deserts.'

Moreover, Walmart's employment practices have been the subject of scrutiny and criticism. Despite being one of the largest employers in the world, the corporation has been accused of offering substandard wages, inadequate health benefits, and fostering a working environment that discourages unionization. Such practices not only exacerbate income inequality but also compel employees to rely on government assistance, thereby indirectly subsidizing Walmart's labor costs through taxpayer money. The long-term implications of these practices are detrimental not only to individual workers but also to the broader economy, as they perpetuate cycles of poverty and dependency.

Environmental Impact

Walmart's environmental footprint is another critical area of concern. The global scale of its operations and supply chain logistics contribute significantly to carbon emissions and environmental degradation. The drive for cost minimization often results in environmental shortcuts, sourcing from regions where environmental regulations may be lax or non-existent. Furthermore, Walmart's business model, predicated on a high volume of sales, promotes a culture of consumerism that accelerates the depletion of natural resources and exacerbates waste problems, with vast quantities of unsold or disposable products ending up in landfills each year.

While Walmart has made commitments towards sustainability and reducing its carbon footprint, critics argue that these initiatives are insufficient and serve more as public relations endeavors than genuine efforts to address the root causes of its environmental impacts. The magnitude of Walmart's operations and its reliance on a consumption-driven model present substantial barriers to achieving meaningful environmental sustainability.

Ethical Supply Chain Practices

The ethics of Walmart's global supply chain practices warrant a separate discussion. The pursuit of low prices drives the company to source goods from countries where labor is cheap, often at the expense of workers' rights and conditions. Reports of poor working conditions, child labor, and exploitation in factories supplying goods to Walmart have surfaced repeatedly, raising questions about the moral responsibilities of corporations in their supply chains.

Despite pledges to improve oversight and enforce standards, systemic changes appear slow, casting doubt on Walmart's commitment to ethical business practices. These issues are not isolated incidents but indicative of a broader pattern of prioritizing profits over people and the planet. The challenge lies in reconciling the demands of shareholders with the ethical imperatives of fair labor practices and environmental stewardship, a balance that Walmart has struggled to achieve.

A Call for Change

The critique of Walmart is not a denouncement of its existence but a call for a more conscientious approach to how it conducts business. It encapsulates the broader challenges faced by multinational corporations in an interconnected world, where the pursuit of profit often clashes with societal and environmental responsibilities. For Walmart, the path forward involves not only reevaluating its business practices but also embracing its potential to effect positive change.

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By leveraging its immense resources and influence, Walmart has the opportunity to set new standards for corporate responsibility — not just in word, but in deed. Ultimately, the crux of the debate over Walmart's impact delves into the foundational values of our society and the role of corporations within it. It prompts a reflection on the kind of world we wish to inhabit and the means by which we achieve it. A shift towards sustainable and ethical practices requires more than incremental adjustments; it necessitates a fundamental transformation in how corporations like Walmart perceive their role in the global tapestry.

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This essay was reviewed by
Prof. Linda Burke

Cite this Essay

Walmart: Impact on Economies, Communities, and Environment. (2024, March 07). GradesFixer. Retrieved May 25, 2024, from
“Walmart: Impact on Economies, Communities, and Environment.” GradesFixer, 07 Mar. 2024,
Walmart: Impact on Economies, Communities, and Environment. [online]. Available at: <> [Accessed 25 May 2024].
Walmart: Impact on Economies, Communities, and Environment [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2024 Mar 07 [cited 2024 May 25]. Available from:
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