What Forms a Punishment Should Take: Theoretical Analysis: [Essay Example], 914 words GradesFixer
This essay has been submitted by a student. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers.

What Forms a Punishment Should Take: Theoretical Analysis

downloadDownload printPrint

Pssst… we can write an original essay just for you.

Any subject. Any type of essay.

We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.

Get your price

121 writers online

Download PDF

Criminal Justice

According to Mishra (2016), the four theories of punishment include reformative, retributive, preventive and deterrent theory. The difference between these theories lies in the goal of deterrent theory which serves as a form of punishment for wrong doers to deter them from future violations of the law. The theory imposes punishment as a consequence for wrong doers. In preventive theory, the punishment for those found guilty includes death, life imprisonment and hard labor. Many criminologists support this theory is enables people to abstain from crime as a result of its consequences. The reformative theory, on the other hand, is aimed at shaping the conduct of the guilty persons (Mishra, 2016). This theory is preferred by many criminologists who argue that crime is not an inborn trait and that nobody was born as a criminal. There are several factors that drive an individual to engage in crime which includes poverty, and other social factors (Mishra, 2016). It is widely contested that if criminals are educated, they can behave as normal members of the society. The reformative theory can be utilized to shape the behaviors of young offenders. The retributive theory focuses on subjecting the guilty person to a lot of pain and suffering. Most criminologists do not support this theory because it subjects the accused person to a lot of inhumane acts.

Pssst... we can write an original essay just for you

Any subject. Any type of essay.

We’ll even meet a 3-hour deadline.

121 writers online

Despite the difference that exists between the four theories of punishment, these theories also have various similarities. They all share the same goal which is to punish the wrong doers (Mishra, 2016). The strategies employed by each theory are aimed at shaping the behaviors of offenders while warning others of similar consequences if the engage in crime. The rules of these theories might differ but the objectives are similar, which is to issue punishment based on the nature of the crime committed (Mishra, 2016). All the theories are aimed at preventing people from engaging in the crime right before they perpetrate crime. To effectively combat crime, it is important to come up with preventive measures rather than to come up with a solution. Even though these theories appears to be effective if integrated, it would be challenging to utilize all of them because most of it focuses on issuing different forms of punishment rather that providing early intervention measures.

Educational programs within prisons can function as rehabilitation for inmates. This fact is supported by reformation theory of punishment which contends that if criminals are educated, their behaviors can be shaped and they would be able to abstain from crime (Mishra, 2016). The Administration of sentence act supports the establishment of correctional facility where criminals are granted rights to access educational resources and programs (Swain & Rice, 2009). It is clear that most criminals engage in crime as a result of poverty, unemployment, and illiteracy. The education programs have capabilities of shaping the behaviors of criminals by enabling them to become responsible members of the society (Swain & Rice, 2009). The prison environment can be further be improved by introducing educational programs. According to researchers, the prison environment can be transformed by educational programs to an enabling environment which shapes the behaviors of the prisoners (Benson, 2003). The education programs would aid in shaping prisoners into professionals whose conduct would be guided by acceptable ethics in the society. These programs also would aid the offenders during their transition to outside world (Benson, 2003). Education programs also would address the issue of illiteracy, unemployment and poverty. It would enable prisoners to acquire necessary skills and training that would enable them to engage in various professional occupations upon release thus abstaining from crime. Introducing education programs would be an effective strategy compared to other forms of punishment in combating crime because it addresses its root causes

There are various challenges involved in introducing education programs in prison. The process of introduction would require a lot of resources. A lot of finances and government support would be essential to guarantee effective implementation of education programs prison. The move is likely to be met with a lot of resistance from opponents because it is more expensive as compared to other rehabilitation strategies. For the programs to function effectively, all the prison entities would be required to be trained to enable them to adapt to new changes. This process would take a lot of time and more resources would be used. To effectively implement the programs, there are various components that would be essential. The first component is government funding and support which is vital for effective implementations. The other important component is technology which would enable the government and relevant prison entities to effectively monitor the effectiveness of each education program and identify the best program that should be used in all prisons. There are various benefits of introducing and implementing education programs in prisons. Education programs would aid in addressing the root causes of poverty which include illiteracy, unemployment and poverty. It would also shape the behaviors of the offenders by enabling them to become ethical and responsible members of the society.

Need help with writing?

You can order professional work according to specific instructions and 100% plagiarism free.

In conclusion, the theories of punishment are aimed at addressing the issues of crime. I do support reformative theory because it focuses on shaping the behaviors rather than issuing different forms of punishment. The prisons also should come up with educational programs as a form of rehabilitation for inmates because it would address the root causes of crime thus preventing inmates from engaging in crime upon their release.

infoRemember: This is just a sample from a fellow student.

Your time is important. Let us write you an essay from scratch

100% plagiarism-free

Sources and citations are provided

Find Free Essays

We provide you with original essay samples, perfect formatting and styling

Cite this Essay

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

What Forms a Punishment Should Take: Theoretical Analysis. (2018, December 11). GradesFixer. Retrieved April 19, 2021, from https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/what-forms-a-punishment-should-take-theoretical-analysis/
“What Forms a Punishment Should Take: Theoretical Analysis.” GradesFixer, 11 Dec. 2018, gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/what-forms-a-punishment-should-take-theoretical-analysis/
What Forms a Punishment Should Take: Theoretical Analysis. [online]. Available at: <https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/what-forms-a-punishment-should-take-theoretical-analysis/> [Accessed 19 Apr. 2021].
What Forms a Punishment Should Take: Theoretical Analysis [Internet]. GradesFixer. 2018 Dec 11 [cited 2021 Apr 19]. Available from: https://gradesfixer.com/free-essay-examples/what-forms-a-punishment-should-take-theoretical-analysis/
copy to clipboard

Sorry, copying is not allowed on our website. If you’d like this or any other sample, we’ll happily email it to you.

    By clicking “Send”, you agree to our Terms of service and Privacy statement. We will occasionally send you account related emails.


    Attention! this essay is not unique. You can get 100% plagiarism FREE essay in 30sec

    Recieve 100% plagiarism-Free paper just for 4.99$ on email
    get unique paper
    *Public papers are open and may contain not unique content
    download public sample

    Sorry, we cannot unicalize this essay. You can order Unique paper and our professionals Rewrite it for you



    Your essay sample has been sent.

    Want us to write one just for you? We can custom edit this essay into an original, 100% plagiarism free essay.

    thanks-icon Order now

    Hi there!

    Are you interested in getting a customized paper?

    Check it out!
    Having trouble finding the perfect essay? We’ve got you covered. Hire a writer

    GradesFixer.com uses cookies. By continuing we’ll assume you board with our cookie policy.


    Haven't found the right essay?

    Get an expert to write you the one you need!


    Professional writers and researchers


    Sources and citation are provided


    3 hour delivery